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FRENCH MEDIAS by Mind Map: FRENCH MEDIAS

1. Types of media

1.1. Regional and local newpapers

1.1.1. daily newspapers

1.1.1.1. LE MONDE - center-left wing

1.1.1.2. LE FIGARO - oldest, gaullist, liberal and conservative right-wing

1.1.1.3. LIBÉRATION - center-left wing

1.1.2. weekly newspapers

1.1.3. magazines

1.2. TV Channels

1.2.1. information once or twice a day

1.2.1.1. TF1

1.2.1.2. France 2

1.2.1.3. M6

1.2.2. continuous information

1.2.2.1. BFMTV

1.2.2.2. LCI

1.2.2.3. CNews

1.2.3. main means of information of 48%

1.3. Radio channels

1.3.1. Europe 1

1.3.2. France inter

1.3.3. RTL

1.4. Internet

1.4.1. increasingly important

1.4.1.1. Social Medias

1.4.1.2. Newspaper Website

2. French culture

2.1. 80% of the population

2.2. culture build by

2.2.1. Le 20H

2.2.2. Radio on the way to work

2.2.3. newspaper with a morning coffee

3. Particularities

3.1. Key role of the state

3.2. High concentration of ownership

3.2.1. 51% of the print and online media are controlled by companies from the financial and insurance services sector. Other owners are hard to identify.

3.2.2. Le Monde, was acquired by 3 associated French billionaires (Pierre Bergé, Xavier Niel and Matthieu Pigasse) in 2010.

3.3. Shaped by political journalism → maintain the basic division between left wing and right wing (independent from politics)

4. Problems

4.1. Biased journalists

4.2. Freedom of expression

4.3. Laicity

4.4. Violence

4.5. Scandals

4.6. Trust

4.6.1. Fake news

4.6.2. Ownership by industrial group

4.6.3. Journalists not considered as a part of society