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Tissue by Mind Map: Tissue

1. Epithelial

1.1. Squamous

1.1.1. stratified squamous

1.1.1.1. many layers of cells

1.1.1.1.1. surface cells flat

1.1.1.1.2. Lining of esophagus

1.1.1.1.3. Epidermis

1.1.2. simple squmous

1.1.2.1. one layer of flat cell

1.1.2.1.1. capillaries

1.1.2.1.2. alveoli of lungs

1.2. Transitional

1.2.1. many layers of cells

1.2.1.1. surface cells change from round to flat

1.2.1.1.1. lining of bladder

1.3. cuboidal

1.3.1. one layer

1.3.1.1. cube shape

1.3.1.1.1. thyroid

1.3.1.1.2. salivary

1.3.1.1.3. kidney tubules

1.4. columnar

1.4.1. one layer

1.4.1.1. column shape

1.4.1.1.1. stomach lining

1.4.1.1.2. small intestine lining

1.4.1.1.3. ciliated

2. connective

2.1. blood

2.1.1. fibrous pericardium

2.1.1.1. sac around heart

2.1.1.2. lined by sereous parietal pericardium

2.1.2. superficial fascia

2.1.2.1. between skin and muscles

2.1.2.2. adispose stores fat

2.1.3. within blood vessels

2.1.3.1. red blood cells

2.1.3.1.1. carry oxygen

2.1.3.2. plasma (matrix)

2.1.3.2.1. plasma

2.1.3.3. white blood cells

2.1.3.3.1. destroy pathogens

2.1.3.4. platelets

2.1.3.4.1. prevent blood loss

2.2. adispose

2.2.1. adipocytes that store fat (little matrix)

2.2.2. subcutaneous

2.2.2.1. stores excess energy

2.2.2.2. produces chemicals

2.2.2.2.1. influence appetite

2.2.2.2.2. nutrient use

2.2.2.2.3. inflmation

2.2.3. around eyes and kidneys

2.2.3.1. cushion

2.3. fiborous

2.3.1. synovial

2.3.1.1. lines join cavities

2.3.1.2. secrete synovial fluid

2.3.1.2.1. prevent joint movement friction

2.3.2. mostly collagen fibers (matrix)

2.3.3. few fibroblasts

2.3.4. regular

2.3.4.1. tendons

2.3.4.2. ligaments

2.3.4.3. strong

2.3.4.3.1. withstand forces of movement of joints

2.3.5. irregular

2.3.5.1. dermis

2.3.5.1.1. strong inner-layer of skin

2.3.6. deep fascia

2.3.6.1. covers each skeletal muscle

2.3.6.2. anchors tendons

2.4. elastic

2.4.1. mostly elastin fibers (matrix)

2.4.2. few fibroblasts

2.4.3. walls of large arteries

2.4.3.1. maintain blood pressure

2.4.3.1.1. alveoli in lungs

2.4.3.2. promote normal exhalation

2.5. bone

2.5.1. peristeum

2.5.1.1. covers bones

2.5.1.2. blood vessels that enter bone

2.5.2. bones

2.5.2.1. support body

2.5.2.2. protect internal organs from injury

2.5.2.3. calcium storage

2.5.2.4. red bone marrow

2.5.2.4.1. contain

2.5.2.4.2. protect

2.5.3. osteocytes in matrix of calcium salts and collagen

2.6. cartilage

2.6.1. chrondrocytes in flexible protein matrix

2.6.2. wall of trachea

2.6.2.1. keeps airway open

2.6.3. on joint surfaces of bones

2.6.3.1. smooth to prevent friction

2.6.4. tip of nose and outer ear

2.6.4.1. support

2.6.5. between vertebrae

2.6.5.1. shock absorption

2.6.6. membranes

2.6.6.1. perichondrium

2.6.6.1.1. cover cartilage

2.6.6.1.2. capillaries

2.7. areolar (loose)

2.7.1. fibroblasts

2.7.2. matrix of

2.7.2.1. tissue fluid

2.7.2.2. collagen

2.7.2.3. elastin fibers

2.7.3. subcutaneous

2.7.3.1. connects skin to muscles

2.7.4. mucous membranes

2.7.4.1. digestive

2.7.4.2. respiratory

2.7.4.3. urinary

2.7.4.4. reproductive tracts

3. muscle

3.1. skeletal

3.1.1. attached to bones

3.1.1.1. function

3.1.1.2. moves skeleton

3.1.1.3. produce heat

3.1.2. structure

3.1.2.1. large

3.1.2.2. cylindrical

3.1.2.3. striations

3.1.2.4. several nuclei

3.1.3. effect of nerve impulses

3.1.4. essentia to cause contraction

3.1.4.1. voluntary

3.2. smooth

3.2.1. structure

3.2.1.1. small

3.2.1.1.1. tapered

3.2.1.2. no striations

3.2.1.3. one nucleus

3.2.2. walls of arteries

3.2.2.1. maintain blood pressue

3.2.3. walls of stomach and intestines

3.2.3.1. peristalisis

3.2.4. iris of eye

3.2.4.1. regulation of pupil size

3.2.5. bring about contraction

3.2.6. regulate rate of contraction

3.2.6.1. involuntary

3.3. cardiac

3.3.1. structure

3.3.1.1. branched

3.3.1.2. faint striations

3.3.1.3. one nucleus

3.3.2. walls of the chambers of the heart

3.3.2.1. pump blood

3.3.3. regulate only the rate of contraction

4. nerve

4.1. neuron (nerve cell)

4.1.1. cell body

4.1.1.1. contains nucleus

4.1.1.1.1. regulates functioning of neuron

4.1.2. axon

4.1.2.1. cellular process (extention)

4.1.2.1.1. carries impulses away from body

4.1.3. dendrites

4.1.3.1. cellular process (extention)

4.1.3.1.1. carry impulses towards the cell body

4.2. synapse

4.2.1. space between axon of neuron and dendrite

4.2.1.1. or cell body of next neuron

4.2.2. transmite impulses from one neuron to other

4.3. neurotransmitters

4.3.1. chemicals released by axons

4.3.2. transmit impulses across synapses

4.4. neuroglia

4.4.1. specialized cells in central nervous system

4.4.2. form myelin sheaths

4.4.3. other functions

4.5. shwann cells

4.5.1. specialized cells

4.5.2. peripheral nervous system

4.5.3. form myelin sheaths around neurons

4.6. meninges

4.6.1. cover brain

4.6.2. cover spinal chord

4.6.3. cerbrospinal fluid