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SIMPLE PRESENT by Mind Map: SIMPLE PRESENT

1. AFFIRMATIVE FORM

1.1. I, you, we, they: SUBJECT + VERB + COMPLEMENT

1.2. He, she, it: SUBJECT + VERB+S + COMPLEMENT

1.2.1. Regular verbs: verb + S

1.2.2. Irregular verbs: Ends in Y after consonant: replace Y with IES Ends in CH, SS, SH, O, X: add ES

2. NEGATIVE FORM

2.1. I, you, we, they: SUBJECT + DO NOT (DON'T) + VERB + COMPLEMENT

2.2. He, she, it: SUBJECT + DOES NOT (DOESN'T) + VERB + COMPLEMENT

3. INTERROGATIVE FORM

3.1. I you, we, they: DO + SUBJECT + VERB + COMPLEMENT ?

3.2. He, she, it: DOES + SUBJECT + VERB + COMPLEMENT ?

4. habits, routine, general facts

5. SIMPLE PAST

5.1. actions that have ended and happened in a specific time

5.2. SPECIFIC TIME SIGNAL WORDS

5.2.1. EG: yesterday last ____ (month, week, year, etc) in [YEAR] ____ ago (a month, a year, etc)

5.3. REGULAR VERBS: verb + ED

5.3.1. MODIFICATIONS ends in E: only add D ends in Y after consonant: replace Y with IED ends in CVC: double the last consonant and add ED

5.4. IRREGULAR VERBS: don't follow the rules, must be memorized

5.4.1. TO BE I, she, he, it: WAS You, we, they: WERE

5.5. AFFIRMATIVE FORM

5.5.1. SUBJECT + VERB + COMPLEMENT

5.5.2. SUBJECT + WAS/WERE + COMPLEMENT

5.6. NEGATIVE FORM

5.6.1. SUBJECT + DID NOT (DIDN'T) + VERB + COMPLEMENT

5.6.2. SUBJECT + WAS NOT (WASN'T)/WERE NOT (WEREN'T) + COMPLEMENT

5.7. INTERROGATIVE FORM

5.7.1. DID + SUBJECT + VERB + COMPLEMENT ?

5.7.2. WAS/WERE + SUBJECT + COMPLEMENT ?

6. MODAL VERBS

6.1. express concepts

6.1.1. ABILITY AND INABILITY

6.1.1.1. CAN / CANNOT (CAN'T)

6.1.1.2. PAST: COULD / COULDN'T

6.1.2. POSSIBILITY

6.1.2.1. more real: MAY

6.1.2.2. more remote: MIGHT

6.1.3. ADVICE

6.1.3.1. SHOULD

6.1.4. OBLIGATION

6.1.4.1. MUST

6.1.4.2. HAVE TO

6.1.5. PERMISSION

6.1.5.1. CAN

6.1.5.2. MAY

6.1.5.3. COULD

6.1.6. EXPECTATIONS

6.1.6.1. SUPPOSED TO

6.2. don't change their forms

6.3. can make negative and ask questions

6.4. always followed by infinitive without "to"

7. bonus: FUTURE TENSE

7.1. designate actions that haven't happened yet.

7.2. GOING TO (GONNA): planned actions, intentions and actions that I’m sure will happen

7.2.1. AFFIRMATIVE FORM

7.2.1.1. SUBJECT + VERB TO BE + GOING TO + COMPLEMENT

7.2.2. NEGATIVE FORM

7.2.2.1. SUBJECT + VERB TO BE + NOT + GOING TO + COMPLEMENT

7.2.3. INTERROGATIVE FORM

7.2.3.1. VERB TO BE + SUBJECT + GOING TO + COMPLEMENT ?

7.3. WILL: predictions, unplanned actions, sudden decisions, no plan no intentions, volunteering to something, promises.

7.3.1. AFFIRMATIVE FORM

7.3.1.1. SUBJECT + WILL + COMPLEMENT

7.3.2. NEGATIVE FORM

7.3.2.1. SUBJECT + WILL NOT (WON'T) + COMPLEMENT

7.3.3. INTERROGATIVE FORM

7.3.3.1. WILL + SUBJECT + VERB + COMPLEMENT + ?

8. PRESENT CONTINUOUS

8.1. designate actions that are still happening and haven’t been completed yet; something that may be temporary, and actions that have been planned

8.2. AFFIRMATIVE FORM

8.2.1. SUBJECT + VERB TO BE + VERB ING + COMPLEMENT

8.3. NEGATIVE FORM

8.3.1. SUBJECT + VERB TO BE + NOT + VERB –ING + COMPLEMENT

8.4. INTERROGATIVE FORM

8.4.1. VERB TO BE + SUBJECT + VERB –ing + COMPLEMENT ?

9. MADE BY MIURI LEONARDO MENDES CARNEIRO & IGOR ROMANHA BERNARDINO

10. PRONOUNS

10.1. PERSONAL PRONOUNS

10.1.1. replaces people's name; limits repetition. Generally comes before the verb.

10.1.1.1. I, YOU, HE, SHE, WE, IT, THEY

10.2. OBJECT PPRONOUNS

10.2.1. replaces the object of a sentence. Generally comes after the verb.

10.2.1.1. ME, YOU, HIM, HER, US, IT, THEM

10.3. POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS

10.3.1. shows that something belongs to someone. There are two types of possessive pronouns:

10.3.1.1. MY, YOUR, HIS, HER, ITS, OUR, THEIR

10.3.1.2. MINE, YOURS, HIS, HERS, ITS, OURS, THEIRS

10.3.1.2.1. (appears at the end of the sentences.)