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South Africa by Mind Map: South Africa

1. geographical features

1.1. One of the richest countries in Africa

1.2. three capitals

1.2.1. Cape Town

1.2.2. Bloemfontein

1.2.3. Pretoria

1.3. largest city: Johannesburg

1.4. 1,219,912 km² total

1.4.1. 0.38% water

1.5. plant diversity

1.6. animal variety

1.7. national parks

1.8. temperate climate zone

1.9. average max. temperature (Johannesburg): Jan: 26.3°C; June: 17.8°C

1.10. highest mountain: Madafi (3450m)

1.11. 9 provinces

1.12. longest river: Oranje (1860km)

1.13. twice the size of France

1.14. 2500 km long coast along two oceans (Atlantic/Indian)

2. history

2.1. contains some of the oldest archaeological and human fossil sites in the world

2.2. 1487: first European voyage

2.3. early 17th century: Dutch colonization

2.4. 1795-1803: GB occupied Cape Town to prevent it from falling under French control

2.5. 1803-1806: Cape Town under Dutch control

2.6. 1806: Cape Town again under GB control

2.7. 1818: start of the British emigration

2.8. 1867: discovery of diamonds

2.9. 1880-1881: first Boer War; Anglo-Boer War

2.9.1. Boer victory & eventual independence of the South-African republic

2.10. 1884: discovery of gold

2.10.1. caused the Mineral Revolution

2.10.2. increased economic growth and immigration

2.11. 1899-1902: second Boer War

2.12. 1910: Union of South Africa was established as a dominion of British Empire

2.13. 1926: South Africa gained sovereignty

2.14. 1931: also formal legislative independence from Great Britain

2.15. 1939: ally of UK during WW II

2.16. 1948: National Party was elected for power

2.16.1. white minority (>20%) ruled

2.16.2. strengthened the racial segregation

2.17. 1955: Freedom Charter demanded a non-racial society and an end of discrimination

2.18. 1961: county became republic after referendum (only open for white voters)

2.18.1. Queen Elizabeth II lost the title Queen of South Africa

2.18.2. last Governor-General became State President

3. politics

3.1. parliamentary republic with an executive presidency

3.2. capitals

3.2.1. executive: Pretoria

3.2.2. legislative: Cape Town

3.2.3. judicial: Bloemfontein

3.3. President

3.3.1. Cyril Ramaphosa

4. former and present conflicts

4.1. the first and the third world are both present and the contrast is very good to see

4.2. Apartheid remains even though more than 25 years have passed since the peaceful transition in South Africa

4.3. high crime rate

5. its people

5.1. ~ 57 mio. inhabitants

5.2. 11 languages

5.2.1. English

5.2.2. isiZulu

5.2.3. isiXhosa

5.2.4. Afrikaans

5.2.5. Sepedi

5.2.6. Setswana

5.2.7. Sesotho

5.2.8. Xitsonga

5.2.9. siSwati

5.2.10. Tshivenda

5.2.11. isiNdebele

5.3. religion

5.3.1. 78% Christianity

5.3.2. 11% no religion

5.3.3. 4.5% traditional faiths

5.3.4. 1.6% Islam

5.4. ethnics groups

5.4.1. 80.7% Black African

5.4.2. 8.8% Coloured

5.4.3. 7.9% White

5.4.4. 2.6% Asian

5.5. ”Rainbow Nation”

5.5.1. describes unity of multiculturalism coming-together of different people/races (used by Nelson Mandela in 1994)

6. tourism

6.1. you can observe a great variety of animals and their habitats

6.2. 9.3%/1.5 mio. of the workforce is employed in the tourism industry

6.3. 2017 10.3 mio. tourists and 8.59 mio. €

6.4. tourism is bad for citizens during water shortages

6.5. travelers

6.5.1. total: 10.5 mio.

6.5.1.1. Africa: 7.7 mio.

6.5.1.2. Europe: 1.6 mio.

6.5.1.3. Asia: 0.45 mio.

6.5.1.4. North: 0.45 mio.