linguistics

INGLES

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linguistics by Mind Map: linguistics

1. Linguistic communication

1.1. WHAT IS LINGUISTIC COMMUNICATION ?: It is the fundamental process by which two people (at least) share the same information transmitted (sender) and received (receiver) through a medium (channel). Linguistic communication is a common process that allows the transmission of knowledge, thoughts, ideas, opinions, feelings, attitudes, desires, actions, among other diverse experiences. Linguistic Communication: ✍ Elements of the communication process: Sender, code, message, channel, receiver, referent, context. ✍ Language functions: Emotional (expressive), metalinguistic, poetic (aesthetic), phatic (contact), appellative (conative), representative, referential (denotative). ✍ Communication classes: Reciprocal, unilateral, interpersonal, collective, private, public, linguistic, extralinguistic, oral, audiovisual, visual. ✍ Linguistic Substrate: These are certain phonetic, syntactic or lexical characteristics or peculiarities that one language leaves for another that replaces it.Linguistic Communication:

2. How different systems have been implemented in the language.

2.1. It is possible to speak of different systems of a language: the phonological, the morphological, the lexical and the syntactic systems. Within a system, for example the morphological one, the signs or elements are arranged in subsystems.

3. Includes the aspects of grammatical accuracy and fluency.

3.1. Fluency and accuracy (or correctness) are two fundamental concepts in Didactics and Second Language Acquisition. The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages ​​indicates that these are two components of communicative competence in a foreign language (According to the CEFR, fluency is one of the components of Porta Linguarum No. 22, June 2014 252 functional competence that, together with the discursive and organizational competence, it is part of the pragmatic competence. The CEFR defines it as "the ability to articulate, to move on and to function well when a dead end is reached. While in the Dictionary of Key Terms of Spanish as a foreign language of the Cervantes Virtual Center, fluency is defined as “the ability to process (both in its reception and in its production) the language semantic, morphosyntactic, sociocultural aspects, etc. - with ease and coherence, without excessive pauses or hesitations and at a speed comparable to or close to that of native speakers. ”From this point of view, the term fluency refers to both verbal fluency (or al and written) and reading fluency. On the other hand, the concept of accuracy, as pointed out by Housen and Kuiken (2009), is considered the most transparent and the oldest. According to the Dictionary of key terms of Spanish as a foreign language of the Cervantes Virtual Center, linguistic accuracy concerns “the absence of errors in the use of any of the linguistic skills”, and concerns both grammar and other components of the linguistic system (the lexicon, the spelling, etc.)