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Verbs by Mind Map: Verbs

1. Kind of verbs

1.1. Finite and non-finite verbs

1.1.1. Finite verbs change their form when the number, person and tense have a change.

1.1.1.1. Eg: - She was waiting in the room before he came in. - Does your brother know my brother?

1.1.2. Non-finite verbs don't change the form when the person, number change. There are three types: infinitive, gerunds and participle.

1.1.2.1. Eg: - She tiptoed around the house so as not to wake anyone. - You need to paint the whole cupboard, starting from the bottom.

1.2. Predicating and linking verbs

1.2.1. Predicating verbs in a sentence is the verb that explains what the subject does (concrete verb or action verb).

1.2.1.1. Eg: Roger runs. - Roger runs fast.

1.2.2. Linking verbs are part of the predication as well the substantive or modifier accomplish it.

1.2.2.1. Eg: Roger is. . . (?) - Roger is fast.

1.3. Linking verbs

1.3.1. The linking verbs connect the subject or the object with the information about the subject. Verb 'to be' is the most used in this kind of sentences, however, there are more verbs that belong to this category.

1.3.1.1. Eg: - William is excited about his promotion. - She appears upset about the announcement.

1.4. Predicated verbs - Transitivity

1.4.1. Transitive: This is a verb that affects a person or an object. It indicates that something or someone different from the subject has been affected by the action represented in the verb of the sentence.

1.4.1.1. Eg: - He raced the motor.

1.4.2. Intransitive: This is a verb that can indicate an action without the necessity of an object. Intransitive verb doesn't affect a person or an object because it doesn't go from a subject to an object, as the transitive verbs do. This verb can be followed by an adverb or an adjective; however, these elements are not considered objects.

1.4.2.1. Eg: The motor raced.

1.5. Auxiliary verbs

1.5.1. These kinds of verbs are followed by a full verb. The full verb carries the meaning, so the auxiliary verb (be, do, have, will) is used to compound tenses and passive voiced. Auxiliaty verbs indicate the person, tense and mood. On the other hand, full verb can be in three forms: present participle, past participle and infinitive.

1.5.1.1. Eg: - He has played football. - Have I got a car? - He is playing football. - He had been playing football.

2. Verbs have a big role in the way to communicate with each other because, thanks to them we can express our ideas, feelings, etc with coherence. It's so complicated to express something without using verbs in sentences as well they wouldn't have sense.

3. Verbs are considered as 'the heart of communication'.

4. These are the basis of the structure where other definitions rest to construct the sentences.