Mind Map

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1. Importance

1.1. High Production Quality

1.2. Low Production costs

1.3. Labour Productivity

1.4. Improving work methods

1.5. Simplifying the work

1.6. Improve perfomance

2. Meaning

2.1. Body of knowledge

2.2. Analysis of work methods

2.3. Management tool

2.4. to achieve productivity

2.5. systematic, objective and critical examination

3. Benefits

3.1. Increased productivity

3.2. operational efficiency

3.3. Reduced manufacturing costs

3.4. Improved work place layout

3.5. Fair wages to employees

4. Factors

4.1. High wastage and scrap

4.2. High operating costs

4.3. Excess movement of materials and men

4.4. Complaints about quality

4.5. Excessive production bottlenecks

4.6. Excessive use of overtime

5. Techniques

5.1. Outline process charts

5.2. Operation Process charts

5.3. Flow process charts

5.4. Multiple activity process charts

6. Motion study

6.1. Meaning

6.1.1. science of eliminating wastefulness

6.1.2. to find and perpetuate the scheme of least waste

7. Work measurement

7.1. Meaning

7.1.1. Work content of a job

7.1.2. The Application of Techniques

7.1.3. Task by determining the required for carrying out

7.1.4. Standard of Performance

7.2. Objectives

7.2.1. Planning and Control

7.2.2. Efficient manning of the plant

7.2.3. reliable indices for labour performance

7.2.4. reliable basis for labour cost control

7.2.5. sound incentive schemes

7.3. Techniques

7.3.1. Direct time study the amount of time required Process of observing and recording the time required

7.3.2. Synthesis Method Building up the time required to do a job Synthesizing or totalling element time values

7.3.3. Analytic Estimating determine the time long and non-repectitive operation

7.3.4. Work Sampling Activity Sampling method P= Number of observations of the activity/ Total Number of observations

7.3.5. Pre dedermined Motion Time Improving Existing Method Establishing Standard time Data labour time and cost

8. Steps

8.1. Plan the Sampling Procedure

8.1.1. Arrangement of the workplace

8.1.2. Setting of Accuracy limits

8.1.3. Number of observation required

8.1.4. Length of the study period

8.1.5. Recording of Data

8.2. Collect the Data as Planned

8.3. Process the Data and Present the results