Secondary Assessment

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Secondary Assessment by Mind Map: Secondary Assessment

1. Vital Signs

1.1. Level of Consciousness

1.1.1. Unconscious victims Do they react when you call their name or touch them? Do they react to painful stimuli? Like pinching

1.1.2. Conscious victims Ask primary questions What is your name? Can you move your fingers? Ask secondary questions Where are you? What day is it? What day is it?

1.2. Breathing

1.2.1. Sounds Wheezing, rasping, signs of pain?

1.2.2. Depth of breathes Deep or shallow?

1.2.3. Rate of breathes How many breathes per minute?

1.2.4. Rhythm of breathes Fast or slow? Regular or irregular?

1.3. Pulse

1.3.1. Rate Number of breathes per minute

1.3.2. Rhythm Regular or irregular?

1.3.3. Strength or quality Strong and full or weak and thin?

1.4. Skin Condition

1.4.1. Temperature Normal? Warm-hot? Cool-cold?

1.4.2. Moisture Wet-clammy? Dry? Normal?

1.4.3. Colour Pale or ashen? Flush-red or normal?

1.5. Pupils

1.5.1. Size Large or small?

1.5.2. Equal Pupils equal in size?

1.5.3. Reactive Are the pupils responding to light? In terms of size change

2. Head-to-Toe Examination

2.1. If person allows permission to be touched

2.1.1. Touch whole body with firm pressure to find any injuries or abnormalities Begin with head, sliding hands across body surfaces with enough pressure so you can feel below the surface Any bumps, bruises, blood or other fluids, deformity, ability to move and temperature differences? Any medical condition information? Distal Circulation Distal Sensation Distal Sensation Any medical condition information?

2.2. If person does not allow permission to be touched

2.2.1. Use systematic question and answer technique, and ask about the areas of the body Do they talk about any pain or injury on the body?

3. History - Victim and Incident

3.1. S - Symptoms

3.1.1. How are you feeling?

3.2. A - Allergies

3.3. M - Medication

3.3.1. Are you currently on, have you taken, should you take?

3.4. P - Past History

3.4.1. Has this ever happened before?

3.5. L - Last Meal

3.5.1. When did you last eat or drink?

3.6. E - Events Prior

3.6.1. What were you doing before this occured?