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CHANCE/JUHUS by Mind Map: CHANCE/JUHUS

1. It chanced (that): it chanced that they were staying at the same hotel

2. to happen or to do something by chance (linking verb)

2.1. Chance to do something: if i do chance to find out where she is, i'll inform you

3. EKI (7.03.21)

3.1. JUHUS

3.1.1. plaanitsematu sündmus v olukord

3.1.1.1. tihti millekski soodus, milleskski võimalust andev

3.1.2. ettearvamatu

3.2. JUHUSLIKKUS

3.2.1. 1. juhuslik(ud) asjaolud.

3.2.1.1. valiku

3.2.1.2. uurimustöö, hinnangute,

3.2.1.3. paigutuse juhuslikkus

3.2.2. 2. filos. kategooria, mis väljendab nähtuste ebaolulist, ajutist, ebapüsivat seost, mille puhul nähtus võib toimuda ühel või teisel viisil või ka toimumata jääda.

3.3. TÕLKE ABIL:

3.3.1. VÕIMALUS

3.3.1.1. asjaolu, mis on vajalik millegi teostumiseks; millegi toimumise tingimused

3.3.2. ŠANSS

3.3.2.1. võimalus

3.3.2.2. väljavaade

3.3.3. RISK

3.3.3.1. mingi toimingu v. ettevõtmisega kaasnev kahju tekke võimalus, võimalik oht

3.3.3.2. toimimine hea õnne peale, liigjulgus

3.3.3.3. MAJ raha kaotamise oht mis tahes majandustehingus, eriti investeerimisel

3.3.4. RISKIMA

3.3.4.1. võimaliku ohuga arvestades, midagi ohtu seades toimima,

3.3.4.2. riskist hoolimata midagi tegema

3.3.4.3. riski peale välja minema

3.3.5. PISTELINE

3.3.5.1. juhusliku valikuga tehtav

3.3.6. SUVALINE

3.3.6.1. isiklikul äranägemisel v. heaksarvamisel toimuv v. tehtud,

3.3.6.2. subjektiivne,

3.3.6.3. meelevaldne;

3.3.6.4. vabalt võetud v. valitud, mis tahes;

3.3.6.5. kokkuleppeline.

3.3.7. PLAANITU

3.3.7.1. 1. ilma plaanita, süsteemitu. (hoonete plaanitu paigutus)

3.3.7.2. 2.see, mis on v oli plaanitud. (Plaanitu tehti teoks).

3.3.8. ÕNN

3.3.8.1. rõõm ja sügav rahulolu oma olukorraga, õnnelik olek

3.3.8.2. 2. saatuse hea tahe; juhusest v. nagu mingist välisest jõust olenev kordaminek, vedamine.

3.3.8.2.1. VEDAMINE

3.3.8.3. 3. [kelle] õnneks ‹postpositsioonilaadselt› kellegi suhtes soodsalt või hästi vrd õnneks

3.3.9. TÕENÄOSUS

3.3.9.1. mat juhusliku sündmuse võimalikkust iseloomustav arv.

3.3.10. TÕENÄOLISUS

3.3.10.1. võimalikkuse määr.

3.3.11. VÕIMALIKKUS

3.3.11.1. filos kõik, mis võib teostuda, potentsiaalne tegelikkus.

4. aare.pri.ee (Tõlge) (7.03.21)

4.1. CHANCE

4.1.1. JUHUS

4.1.2. võimalus

4.1.3. šanss

4.1.4. riskima

4.1.5. juhtuma

4.1.6. juhuslik

4.2. RANDOM

4.2.1. Juhuslik

4.2.2. Pissteline

4.2.3. (kõnek.) suvaline

4.2.4. Plaanitu

4.3. RANDOMNESS

4.3.1. juhuslikkus

4.4. pseudorandom

4.4.1. näiliselt juhuslik

5. RANDOMNESS

5.1. OXFORD LEARNER'S DICTIONARY

5.1.1. NOUN

5.1.1.1. the fact of being done, chosen, etc. without somebody deciding in advance what is going to happen, or without any regular pattern

5.2. CAMBRIDGE

5.2.1. puudub sissekanne (5.3.21)

5.3. MERRIAM-WEBSTER

5.3.1. NOUN

5.3.1.1. the quality or state of being or seeming random (as in lacking or seeming to lack a definite plan, purpose, or pattern)

5.3.1.1.1. … the metaphor of a coin flip for randomness remains unquestioned. We use coin tosses to settle disputes and decide outcomes because we believe they are unbiased, with 50-50 odds. Yet recent research into coin flips has discovered that the laws of mechanics determine the outcome of coin tosses … — David E. Adler

5.3.1.1.2. the randomness of life

6. Merriam-Webster. (n.d.). Chance. In Merriam-Webster.com dictionary. Retrieved March 4, 2021, from https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/chance

6.1. VERB: chanced; chancing Definition of chance (Entry 2 of 2) intransitive verb

6.1.1. 1a: to take place, come about, or turn out by chance : HAPPEN it chanced to rain that day b: to have the good or bad luck we chanced to meet 2: to come or light by chance they chanced upon a remote inn transitive verb

6.1.2. 1: to leave the outcome of to chance 2: to accept the hazard of : RISK knew the trip was dangerous but decided to chance it chance one's arm British : to take a risk

6.2. NOUN: \ ˈchan(t)s \

6.2.1. 1a: something that happens unpredictably without discernible human intention or observable cause Which cards you are dealt is simply a matter of chance. b: the assumed impersonal purposeless determiner of unaccountable happenings : LUCK an outcome decided by chance c: the fortuitous or incalculable element in existence : CONTINGENCY … you surely have endured strange chances … — Alfred Tennyson

6.2.2. 2: a situation favoring some purpose : OPPORTUNITY needed a chance to relax

6.2.3. 3: a fielding opportunity in baseball

6.2.4. 4a: the possibility of a particular outcome in an uncertain situation What chance has he of pulling through? also : the degree of likelihood of such an outcome a small chance of success bchances plural : the more likely indications chances are he's already gone

6.2.5. 5a: RISK not taking any chances b: a raffle ticket by chance : in the haphazard course of events they met by chance

6.3. ETYMOLOGY

6.3.1. Middle English chaunce, chance "occurrence (especially unforeseen or providential), stroke of good or bad luck, luck, fall of the dice," borrowed from Anglo-French cheaunce, chaunce, chance, going back to Vulgar Latin *cadentia, noun derivative (formally feminine singular from neuter plural) of Latin cadent-, cadens, present participle of cadere "to fall, be cast (of dice, lots), turn out, come to pass," perhaps going back to an Indo-European verbal base *ḱad- or *ḱHd- "fall," whence also Sanskrit śaśāda "(s/he) fell off/out," śatsyati "(s/he) will fall off/out"

6.3.2. First Known Use of chance Noun 14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a Verb 14th century, in the meaning defined at intransitive sense 1a

6.4. SYNONYMS

6.4.1. Verb

6.4.1.1. adventure

6.4.1.2. gamble (on)

6.4.1.3. hazard

6.4.1.4. risk

6.4.1.5. tempt

6.4.1.6. venture

6.4.2. Nouns

6.4.2.1. Accident

6.4.2.2. Casualty (archaic)

6.4.2.3. circumstance

6.4.2.4. hap

6.4.2.5. hazard

6.4.2.6. luck

7. Cambridge

7.1. NOUN

7.1.1. 1)OPPORTUNITY: an occasion that allows something to be done.

7.1.2. 2) POSSIBILITY: the level of possibility that something will happen

7.1.3. 3) RISK: a possibility of something negative will happen

7.1.4. 4) LUCK: the force that causes things to happen without any known cause or reason of doing so

7.1.4.1. roulette is a game of chance

7.1.4.2. i got this job completely by chance

7.1.4.3. it was pure chance we met

7.1.5. 5) LUCK: the happening of something in a way that no one could have known, so that it seems to have no cause

7.2. VERB

7.2.1. 1) RISK

7.2.1.1. to risk something

7.2.1.2. to do something that involves risk

7.2.2. 2) LUCK

7.2.2.1. to happen or do something by chance. (ntks: they chanced to be in the restaurant when i arrived)

7.2.2.2. to happen or find something in a way that is not planned or expected (ntks: I chanced upon some old love letters in a drawer)

7.3. ADJECTIVE

7.3.1. happening in a way that is not planned or does not have any known cause or reason

7.3.1.1. ntks: a chance meeting/encounter

7.4. SYNONYMS

7.4.1. 1) A Chance to do something

7.4.1.1. opportunity

7.4.1.2. break

7.4.1.3. springboard

7.4.2. 2) A Chance of something happening

7.4.2.1. probability

7.4.2.2. odds

7.4.2.3. likelihood

7.4.2.4. possibility

7.4.3. 3) Risk

7.5. ETYMOLOGY

8. English: from Old French chea(u)nce '(good) fortune' (a derivative of cheoir 'to fall (out)', Latin cadere), a nickname for an inveterate gambler, for someone considered fortunate or well favored, or perhaps for someone who had survived an accident by a remarkable piece of luck.

9. OXFORD LEARNER'S DICTIONARY

9.1. VERB

9.1.1. to risk something although you know the result may not be successful

9.1.1.1. Chance doing something: I stayed hidden; i couldn't chance coming out

9.1.1.2. Chance something: She was chancing her luck driving without licence.

9.2. NOUN

9.2.1. a possibility of something happening, especially something that you want (POSSIBILITY)

9.2.2. a suitable time or situation when you have the opportunity to do something (OPPORTUNITY ?)

9.2.3. an unpleasant or dangerous possibility (RISK?)

9.2.4. the way that some things happen without any cause that you can see or understand (LUCK)

9.3. ORIGIN

9.3.1. Middle English: from Old French cheance, from cheoir ‘fall, befall’, based on Latin cadere.

10. RANDOM

10.1. MERRIAM-WEBSTER

10.1.1. NOUN

10.1.1.1. Without definite aim

10.1.2. ADJECTIVE

10.1.2.1. 1)

10.1.2.1.1. lacking a definite plan, purpose, or pattern

10.1.2.1.2. made, done, or chosen at random

10.1.2.2. 2)

10.1.2.2.1. relating to, having, or being elements or events with definite probability of occurrence random processes

10.1.2.2.2. being or relating to a set or to an element of a set each of whose elements has equal probability of occurrence a random sample

10.1.3. ADVERB

10.1.3.1. in a random manner

10.2. OXFORD LEARNER'S Dictionary

10.2.1. ADJECTIVE

10.2.1.1. [usually before noun] done, chosen, etc. without somebody deciding in advance what is going to happen, or without any regular pattern

10.2.1.2. [only before noun] (informal) (especially of a person) not known or not identified

10.2.1.3. a thing or person that is random is strange and does not make sense, often in a way that interests you or makes you laugh

10.3. CAMBRIDGE

10.3.1. ADJECTIVE

10.3.1.1. happening, done, or chosen by chance rather than according to a plan

10.3.1.1.1. check

10.3.1.1.2. tests

10.3.1.1.3. attacks

10.3.1.2. Strange or unusual

10.3.1.3. unknown and unexpected in particular situation

10.3.2. NOUN

10.3.2.1. an unknown or unexpected person

10.3.3. VERB

10.4. ETYMOLOGY

10.4.1. Middle English (in the sense ‘impetuous headlong rush’): from Old French randon ‘great speed’, from randir ‘gallop’, from a Germanic root shared by rand (Oxford languages)