Sounds of speech

Get Started. It's Free
or sign up with your email address
Sounds of speech by Mind Map: Sounds of speech

1. Suprasegmental features

1.1. Intonation

1.2. Stress

1.2.1. Word Stress

1.2.2. Utterance Stress

2. Phonetics

2.1. Phone

2.1.1. Physiological

2.1.1.1. Production of sounds (physilogicaly, anatomicaly and neurologicaly)

2.1.2. Articulatory

2.1.2.1. Production of sounds (vocal tract)

2.1.2.1.1. Teeth ridge

2.1.2.1.2. Palate

2.1.2.1.3. Soft palate (velum)

2.1.2.1.4. Uvula

2.1.2.1.5. Teeth

2.1.2.1.6. Lips

2.1.2.1.7. Tongue

2.1.2.1.8. Larynx

2.1.2.1.9. Nasal cavities

2.1.2.1.10. Pharynx

2.1.2.1.11. Vocal cords (glottis)

2.1.2.1.12. Lungs

2.1.3. Acoustic

2.1.3.1. Transmition of sound waves

2.1.4. Auditory

2.1.4.1. Reception of sounds (ears)

2.1.5. Percepctual

2.1.5.1. Perception of sounds (brain)

2.2. Transcription symbol: [ ]

3. Phonology

3.1. Phoneme

3.1.1. Variations concerning meaning

3.1.1.1. Minimal Pairs

3.1.2. Transcription symbol: / /

4. Phonemes

4.1. Consonants

4.1.1. There is obstruction when releasing the air

4.1.1.1. Voicing

4.1.1.1.1. Voiced

4.1.1.1.2. Unvoiced

4.1.1.2. Manner of articulation

4.1.1.2.1. Plosive

4.1.1.2.2. Affricate

4.1.1.2.3. Fricative

4.1.1.2.4. Nasal

4.1.1.2.5. Lateral

4.1.1.2.6. Approximant

4.1.1.3. Place of articulation

4.1.1.3.1. Bilabial

4.1.1.3.2. Labio-dental

4.1.1.3.3. Dental

4.1.1.3.4. Alveolar

4.1.1.3.5. Palato-alveolar

4.1.1.3.6. Palatal

4.1.1.3.7. Velar

4.1.1.3.8. Glottal

4.1.2. Single

4.1.2.1. Short

4.1.2.2. Long

4.2. Vowels

4.2.1. No obstruction in the realease of air

4.2.1.1. Diphthongs

4.2.1.2. Triphthongs

4.2.1.3. Roundness

4.2.1.3.1. Rounded

4.2.1.3.2. Unrounded

4.2.1.4. Placement of the tongue

4.2.1.4.1. Close

4.2.1.4.2. Mid

4.2.1.4.3. Open

4.2.1.4.4. Front

4.2.1.4.5. Center

4.2.1.4.6. Back