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Food Groups by Mind Map: Food Groups

1. Minerals

1.1. You get minerals by eating a balanced diet.

1.2. minerals help build stung bones bones and teeth, control body fluids and turn the food you eat into energy.

1.3. Minerals are found in different foods such as meat, cereals, fish, milk and dairy foods, vegetables, fruit and nuts

1.4. Essential minerals include calcium and iron.

2. Carbohydrates

2.1. Carbohydrates are an ideal source of energy for the body

2.2. A diet too high in carbohydrates can upset the delicate balance of your body's blood sugar level

2.3. It is better to balance your intake of carbohydrates with protein, a little fat and fibre.

2.4. There are two types of carbohydrate: complex and simple.

2.5. Complex Carbohydrates are things like bananas, nuts, sweet corn, wholemeal things, beans and so on.

2.6. Simple carbohydrates are things like honey, pizza, soft drinks, sweets, chocolate and so on.

2.7. Eating too many carbohydrates can lead you to a weight gain.

3. Vitamins

3.1. Vitamin A is good for eyesight, growth, appetite and taste. This vitamin is fat-soluble and so is stored in the body for a long time

3.2. Vitamin B is good for the nervous system, digestion, muscles, heart, alcohol-damaged nerve tissues.

3.3. Vitamin Cis good for immune defence system, protection from viruses and bacteria, healing wounds, reducing cholesterol and preventing scurvy. Large doses can cause diarrhoea and nausea

3.4. Vitamin D is good for Strong bones and teeth.The vitamin is fat-soluble so it is stored in the body.

3.5. Vitamin E is good for Fighting toxin.

4. Fats

4.1. If you have to much saturated fat it can higher your cholestral and could lead to heart disease.

4.2. By eating to much fat you can become over weight or create type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure

4.3. Fats are also high in energy (calories).

4.4. Not all fat is bad because our body needs fat for energy and fat contains fatty acids which we need and the body can't create.

4.4.1. New node

4.5. Fats also contains vitamins A, D, E and K which are vital nutrients for our body

4.6. Fat also repairs tissues, protects the internal organs, pro vents loss of body heat and keeps our hair and skin healthy.

5. Protien

5.1. Foods containing protein are meat, fish, eggs, nuts, seeds, soya and vegetable products.

5.2. Protein provides the body with around 15% of its energy and for growth and repair.

5.3. Eating low fat protein foods can help to keep your heart healthy and keep your cholesterol low

5.4. Eating fish is good because it contains omega 3 which helps to reduce the risk of developing cardiovascular disease.

6. Fibre

6.1. Fibre comes from plant based foods.

6.2. Fibre is not a nutrient and contains no calories or vitamins.

6.3. Fibre helps your digestive system to process food and absorb nutrients. Fibre can help to lower blood cholesterol. Fibre makes you feel fuller and so helps to control your appetite

6.4. There are two types of fibre: insoluble and soluble.

6.5. Insoluble Fibre are things like beans, oats, brown rice, wholemeal things and so on.

6.6. soluble Fibre are things like apples, oats, strawberries, pears and so on.