Anthropology and Culture

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Anthropology and Culture by Mind Map: Anthropology and Culture

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2. What is Anthropology?

3. What are the effects of globalization on language?

3.1. However, with globalization allowing languages and their cultures to spread and dominate on a global scale, it also leads to the extinction of other languages and cultures. Language contributes to the formation of culture, such as through vocabulary, greetings or humor.

4. What is language and where does it come from?

4.1. "Language: A system of communication organized by rules that uses symbols such as words, sounds, and gestures to convey information"(Guest 113).

5. What is globalization, and why is it important for anthropology?

5.1. "Globalization: The worldwide intensification of interaction and increased movement of money, people, goods, and ideas within and across national borders."(Guest 17).

5.2. It is important because it remains focused on the impact of these global processes on individuals and cultures.

6. "Anthropology: The study of the full scope of human diversity, past and present, and the application of that knowledge to help people of different backgrounds better understand one another"(Guest 7).

7. WEEK 3: Our Origins

7.1. What Do We Know about Our Human Ancestors?

7.1.1. Scientific evidence shows that the physical and behavioral traits shared by all people originated from apelike ancestors and evolved over a period of approximately six million years. One of the earliest defining human traits, bipedalism -- the ability to walk on two legs -- evolved over 4 million years ago

7.2. How Does Evolution Work?

7.2.1. Evolution occurs when these heritable differences become more common or rare in a population, either non-randomly through natural selection or randomly through genetic drift. ... This occurs because organisms with advantageous traits pass on more copies of these heritable traits to the next generation.

8. WEEK 1: Introduction to Anthropology and Culture

9. WEEK 4: Our Origins

9.1. How Do Scientists Learn about Prehistoric Life?

9.1.1. How do scientists learn about things that lived long ago? Scientists learn about ancient plants and animals by studying fossils. Fossils are the remains or other evidence of life that have been preserved in the Earth's crust.

9.2. How do humans fit into the history of life on Earth?

9.2.1. Charles Darwin proposed that all life evolved from “one primordial form”. This means that humans are related to even the simplest and evolutionarily oldest organisms. ... There is compelling evidence to support Darwin's common ancestor theory

10. WEEK 2: Culture

10.1. What is Culture?

10.1.1. "Culture: A system of knowledge beliefs, patterns of behavior, artifacts, institutions and that are created, learned, shared and contested by a group of people."(Guest 35)

10.2. HOW HAS THE CULTURE CONCEPT DEVELOPED IN ANTHROPOLOGY?

11. WEEK 5 & 6: Language

12. WEEK 7 & 8: Gender and Sexuality

12.1. Gender stratification -unequal distribution of power and access to a group’s resources, opp., rights, and privileges based on gender.

12.2. How do anthropologists explore the relationship between gender and power?

12.2.1. "Gender studies emerged from a political reality of exclusion of portions of the population based on their perceived non-conforming sexual identities and roles. Men and women are socialized from early days in life and are expected to perform in a particular manner “suitable” for their respective gender. Historically, those who deviated from such prescription often faced severe disciplinary reactions from being ostracized by the public to being placed in “reform” institutions." ( Shahrokhi 3)

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12.2.3. •Gender stereotypes-preconceived notion about the attributes of, differences between, and proper roles for men and women in a culture

12.2.4. •Gender ideology-a set of cultural ideas, usually stereotypical, about the essential character of different gender that functions to promote and justify gender stratification

12.3. Are there more than two sexes?

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