Improve municipal waste management through citizen action

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Improve municipal waste management through citizen action by Mind Map: Improve municipal waste management through citizen action

1. Source 1

1.1. Key words: Waste management

1.2. Youtube

1.2.1. Developing a Waste Management Strategy: Transforming Waste from Problem to Resource by IGESjapan (2018)

1.2.1.1. This video deals with the problem of human waste management. Indeed, the increase of waste by man has become a real problem: public health, polluting the environment and costing a fortune. We must therefore see a waste as "valuable" and always try to keep it, recycle it or minimize it.

2. Source 2

2.1. Key words: Recycling of waste

2.2. The New York Times

2.2.1. Fashion Trends Are Often Recycled. Now More Clothing Can Be, Too by Ellen Rosen (2021)

2.2.1.1. According to this article in the New York Times, the fashion industry is a major stakeholder in improving clothing waste. Indeed, the production of clothes has doubled and the life span of a garment has decreased by 36% in recent years. However, some major retailers, such as H&M, have started to transform old clothes to give them a new life.

3. Source 3

3.1. Key words: Waste Management

3.2. Ted

3.2.1. Waste Management by Zara (2015)

3.2.1.1. This is a Ted where an 11 year old girl explains how waste management works in Singapore. For her, it is one of the cleanest cities because they have been able to manage this problem. Indeed, they have put bins for every type of object everywhere. So people know how to sort and then they just have to dispose of it properly.

4. Source 4

4.1. Key words: let's act for the planet

4.2. France Culture

4.2.1. Podcast: Agissons pour l'océan ! Réchauffement des océans et pollution plastique (2020)

4.2.1.1. This France Culture programme deals with plastics and ocean pollution. Plastic is probably the best known ocean problem and therefore the one that is the subject of the most initiatives. They discuss what solutions are being considered and what non-polluting alternative materials can be adopted.

5. Source 5

5.1. Key words: Waste initiatives

5.2. Blog ector

5.2.1. Déchets et recyclage : 5 initiatives originales pour faire du neuf avec du vieux ! - Ector

5.2.1.1. This blog lists 5 ingenious ideas for reusing materials and giving them a second life. First, there is the use of an abandoned fishing net that a skateboard was built from. Then, goodbye to concrete bricks and welcome to plastic bricks. In addition, the creation of 100% recycled T-shirts that combine fabric scraps and plastic. Then, the use of waste (compost) to create heat. And finally, a second textile, sneakers that contain only PES thread and recycled plastic bottles. It is with these small everyday innovations that we will be able to change our habits.

6. Source 6

6.1. Key words: Environment

6.2. Netflix

6.2.1. https://fr.web.img3.acsta.net/pictures/16/12/22/09/26/398554.jpg Plastic Ocean, Documentary (2016)

6.2.1.1. This documentary chronicles a 4-year expedition of explorers and scientists exploring the oceans. It highlights the accumulation of waste and its effects and consequences. The environmental catastrophe is striking but not the only one. It is also a disaster for humans and can have direct consequences. In this documentary, specialists give some key information and share solutions.

7. Source 7

7.1. Key words: Ecological consciousness

7.2. Learning Hub

7.2.1. Developing Ecological Consciousness : Becoming Fully Human byChristopher Uhl and Jennifer Anderson (2021)

7.2.1.1. This manual is one of the few that is not accusatory and writes broadly about environmental problems. Instead, it offers the reader to open his or her mind to understand the challenges ahead in a subtle way. Sometimes it takes shocking images or words to make progress, but personal reflection is still a major factor in raising awareness.

8. Source 8

8.1. Key words: Zéro déchet

8.2. Google

8.2.1. Famille Zéro Déchet

8.2.1.1. The concept of the "zero waste family" is simple, it is a website that lists all the small everyday actions (sorting, composting, shampooing...) that can easily reduce waste within a family. They have also recently released a game, which can be fun to play as a family and raise awareness among children.

9. Source 9

9.1. Key words: Citizenship eduction

9.2. Google

9.2.1. The role of citizenship education and participation in waste management (2015)

9.2.1.1. This research paper provides information about waste management for tomorrow's world. The results showed that the two factors that could make a difference are citizen participation and education. Therefore, children need to be made aware from an early age of the issues that lie ahead, especially regarding waste management.

10. Source 10

10.1. Key words: Planet issue

10.2. Netflix

10.2.1. https://s3.gaming-cdn.com/images/products/4064/orig/disney-pixar-wall-e-cover.jpg Wall-E, movie (2008)

10.2.1.1. This film depicts a world far away where the land has been abandoned in a deplorable state. There is rubbish everywhere, the earth is not what it used to be. Wall-E's mission is to clean it up. This film for children is very good for raising awareness from a very young age.

11. As the population increases, waste production will follow the same pattern. So this becomes a very important issue to overcome. For this to happen, people must be educated from an early age so that waste management becomes an automatic habit.

12. How important is the citizen's duty to waste management?