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1. Why bipolarity occurs?

1.1. The exact cause of bipolar disorder is unknown, but it may have to do with a combination of genetic and environmental factors and altered chemicals and structures in the brain.

2. Types of bipolarity

2.1. Type I Bipolar Disorder

2.1.1. A person affected by type I bipolar disorder has had at least one episode of mania in their lifetime

2.2. Type II Bipolar Disorder

2.2.1. It is diagnosed when the subject has suffered one or more episodes of major depression and at least one episode of hypomania.

2.3. Unspecified Bipolar Disorder

2.3.1. Very rapid alternation (in days) between manic symptoms and depressive symptoms that do not meet the minimum duration criteria for a manic episode or a major depressive episode.

2.3.2. Recurrent hypomanic episodes without breakthrough depressive symptoms.

2.3.3. A manic or mixed episode superimposed on delusional disorder, residual schizophrenia, or unspecified psychotic disorder.

3. What is it?

3.1. It is a condition in which people alternate between periods of a very good or irritable and depressed mood.

4. Treatment

4.1. Therapy

4.2. Medicines

4.3. Supportive care Hospitalization