present simple

This mind map is to give a better understanding of the subject of present simpleAdolfo Tlachi

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present simple by Mind Map: present simple

1. how is it used The present simple in English is the indicated verb tense when you want to express any of the following conditions:

1.1. * Make known permanent actions or states * Communicate actions or states that are repeated over time * Transmit routines, continuous events that are repeated on a daily basis or with a certain periodicity. * Give instructions or directions. * Mention events, commitments or appointments that will occur in the future at a specific time and day.

1.1.1. common mistake

2. sentence structure

2.1. example

2.1.1. afirmative: I talk.(Yo hablo.) He eats.(Él come.) They learn.(Ellos aprenden.) negative: I do not [don’t] talk.(Yo no hablo.) He does not [doesn’t] eat.(Él no come.) They do not [don’t] learn.(Ellos no aprenden.) interrogative: Do you talk?(¿Hablas tú?) Does he eat?(¿Come él?) Do they learn?(¿Aprenden ellos?)

2.2. note

3. conjugations

3.1. example:

3.1.1. Subject Conjugation

3.1.2. I, you, we, they talk, eat, learn, do, go

3.1.3. he, she, it talks, eats, learns, does, goes

3.2. Note

4. information: Lección de inglés: Present Simple https://www.britishcouncil.org.mx/blog/present-simple https://www.ef.com.mx/recursos-aprender-ingles/gramatica-inglesa/simple-present/

5. rules

5.1. 1.A verbs in the present simple in the affirmative form have an -s added at the end. In the negative and interrogative forms they do not have -s. 1.1. With verbs whose ending is –o, -sh, -ch, -ss, -x, -z, add –es. 1.2 Verbs ending in –y have this last letter changed to –i + -es. 1.3 Verbs ending in –y have another exception. If there is a vowel before this last letter, the –y is kept and –s is added at the end.

5.2. 2.The third person auxiliary is does. First and second persons of the singular and plural using do.

5.3. 3.The verb to be is irregular, so being one of the most used it is advisable to learn all its forms

5.4. 4. Modal verbs (can, must, may) have two exceptions: 4.1 Neither -s nor -es are added. 4.2 Negative and interrogative forms do not use auxiliary do / does, but itself.