Simons Rengifo: IRAC Case Analysis Mind Map MOD 2: Heart of Atlanta Motel v. United States 379 U....

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Simons Rengifo: IRAC Case Analysis Mind Map MOD 2: Heart of Atlanta Motel v. United States 379 U.S 241 (1964) by Mind Map: Simons Rengifo: IRAC Case Analysis Mind Map MOD 2: Heart of Atlanta Motel v. United States 379 U.S 241 (1964)

1. Facts

1.1. Parties: Atlanta Motel owner vs U.S

1.2. What Happened? Motel owner has refused to rent to African Americans after the Civil Rights Acts of 1964 was enacted.

1.3. Procedural History: This case went to the district court where it was ruled that the act did not violate the Constitution and enjoined (prohibited) the owner from discriminating on the bases of race, this was later brought to the Supreme Court.

2. Issue

2.1. Did the motel owner violate the Civil Rights Act of 1964 by refusing to rent rooms to African Americans?

3. Rule of Law:

3.1. In direct violation of the terms of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, that bans racial discrimination in public places, largely based on Congress's control of interstate commerce, the motel refused to rent rooms to African American customers.

4. Analysis/Application:

4.1. Plaintiff: "The owner advertised nationally, maintained billboards throughout the state, and accepted convention trade from outside the state (75 percent of the guests were residents of other states). Cross, Frank B.; Miller, Roger LeRoy. The Legal Environment of Business: Text and Cases (p. 73). Cengage Learning. Kindle Edition. "

4.2. Defendant: "The owner argued that his motel was not engaged in interstate commerce but was “of a purely local character.” The motel, however, was accessible to state and interstate highways. Cross, Frank B.; Miller, Roger LeRoy. The Legal Environment of Business: Text and Cases (p. 73). Cengage Learning. Kindle Edition. "

4.3. Court: "The United States Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The power of Congress to regulate interstate commerce permitted the enactment of legislation that could halt local discriminatory practices. Cross, Frank B.; Miller, Roger LeRoy. The Legal Environment of Business: Text and Cases (p. 73). Cengage Learning. Kindle Edition. "

5. Conclusion: In conclusion, the civil right act was upheld and ensured all "public accommodations" is included aswell in this act.

6. Impact

6.1. The impact was huge as this is what segregated majority of stores/ restaurants/ etc from people of different color, it was the right step to human civil rights for all men/women.

7. Importance:

7.1. Racial dissemination was the main importance, because of this it all Americans can receive equal accommodations versus it segregating its customers violating the civil rights act.

8. Influence:

8.1. This set precedent for many other cases during the civil rights era. It paved our way to modern democracy.