Simple present and Present continuous

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Simple present and Present continuous by Mind Map: Simple present and Present continuous

1. Simple Present deals with the simple present, which corresponds to the Present Indicative of the Portuguese language. This tense serves to indicate habitual actions that occur in the present, general facts, repeated actions or situations, physical characteristics, emotions and permanent desires. It is also used to express a universal truth, feelings, opinions and preferences.

2. Simple Present: how to conjugate it according to the subject: I am (I’m) You are (You’re) He is (He’s) She is (She’s) It is (It’s) You are (You’re) We are (We’re) They are (They’re)

3. Example: I am a teacher. (Eu sou uma professora.) My mother cooks very well. (Minha mãe cozinha muito bem.) It rains a lot in january. (Chove bastante em janeiro.)

4. O Simple Present representa uma ação que está acontecendo naquele exato momento. Regras do Simple Present 3ª pessoa do singular: He/she/it Acrescenta-se um “s” ou “es” na terminação do verbo. E a regra é valida para pronomes terminados em: o, ss, ch, sh, x.

5. Present Continuous: It describes an action that is taking place in the present, either at the moment of speaking or about a fact that has just happened. They also serve for consecutive actions, temporary situations that someone is going through or that just happened and will continue to happen. The Present Continuous is always formed by the verb “to be” and a main verb in the gerund. To put a verb in the gerund, just put the particle. The English structure of the Present Continuous is: Verb to be + Verb ing. The “ing”, in this case, would be our gerund giving the idea of ​​continuity.

6. Present Continuous Rules “Ing” at the end of verbs following some rules: When the main verb ends in "e" and before it has a consonant, it substitutes for "ing". Example: To dance - Dancing. To make - Making.

7. When the verb ends in "ie" they replace the vowels with "y" and add "ing". Example: Die (dying) - Dying. Lie (Lying) - Lying.

8. When the verb is monosyllable or disyllable and has the sequence CVC (consonant, vowel, consonant) we double the last consonant and add the “ing“. Example: To run - Running. To Begin - Beginning. Note: Except for verbs where the stressed syllable is the first. That way, just add the "ing". Example: Open - Opening. Verbs ending in a vowel + "l" double the "l" and add "ing". Example: To cancel - Canceling. To Travel - Traveling.

9. Present Continuous Formation Affirmative form: Subject + Verb To Be + Verb with “ing” + Complement. Example: I am watching TV. (I am watching tv.) I am listening songs. (I am listening to music.) Note: In affirmative sentences we can use the contractions of the verb to be.

10. Negative form: Subject + Verb To Be + Not + Verb with “-ing” + Complement. Example: I am not watching TV. (I'm not watching TV.) They aren't cooking. (They are not cooking.) Note: In negative phrases you can use the contraction of "not", but this does not happen with "am" (1st person). However, in more formal texts, contraction is not used.

11. Interrogative Form: Verb To Be + Subject + Verb with “-ing” + Complement. Example: Am I watching TV? (I am watching tv?). Is he playing soccer? (He is playing soccer?).