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Bindusara by Mind Map: Bindusara

1. ND03: Bindusara

1.1. Bindusara was the successor of Chandragupta Maurya in 297 BCE

1.2. Source and stories of Bindusara: Jain, Buddhist and Greek sources

1.3. The life of Bindusara is not documented in detail like the lives of his father, Chandragupta and son Ashoka.

1.3.1. Most of the data accounting his life and rule are found in different Jain legends that detail the life of Chandragupta and Buddhist legends that account the life of Ashoka.

1.4. Bindusara further expanded the Mauryan Dynasty as far as Mysore down south.

1.5. He conquered sixteen states except the region of Kalinga and the Tamil kingdoms.

1.6. Foreign Relations of Bindusara

1.7. Death of Bindusara and the Rise of Ashoka

2. ND03: Causes of Magadha’s Success

2.1. Usage of Iron

2.1.1. Magadha enjoyed an advantageous geographical position in the age of iron,

2.2. Strategic Points:

2.2.1. There were two strategic points: Rajgir and Pataliputra; Rajgir was surrounded by a group of five hills, and so it was impregnable in those days when there were no easy means of storming citadels such as cannons. Pataliputra occupied a pivotal position commanding communications on all sides.

2.3. Rise of towns:

2.3.1. Contributed to trade and commerce in north-east India. This enabled the princes to levy tolls on the sale of commodities and accumulate wealth to pay and maintain their army.

2.4. Advanced Military Organisation:

2.4.1. Magadha used elephants on a large scale in its wars against its neighbour

2.5. Environmental factors:

2.5.1. Immensely fertile alluvium soil; Productive agriculture was possible even without irrigation; Enabled considerable surplus that could be extracted by the rulers in the form of taxes.

3. ND04: Megasthenes' Indika

3.1. Megasthenes was a Greek ambassador sent by Seleucus to the court of Chandragupta Maurya.

3.1.1. He lived in the Maurya capital of Pataliputra and wrote an account of detailed administration of the city of Pataliputra; society and economy of Maurya era.

3.2. Megasthenes' account on Pataliputra

3.3. Megasthenes' account on the King

3.4. Megeathenes' account on Society

3.5. Megasyhenes' account on Religion

3.6. Criticism on Megasthenes

4. ND04 : Ashoka's Acheivements

4.1. He was certainly a great missionary ruler in the history of the ancient world.

4.2. Ashoka brought about the political unification of the country. He bound it further by one dharma, one language, and virtually one script called Brahmi which was used in most of his inscriptions. In unifying the country he respected such non-Indian scripts as Kharoshthi, Aramaic, and Greek.

4.3. Ashoka was fired with a zeal for missionary activity. He deputed officials in the far-flung parts of the empire.

4.4. Above all, Ashoka is important in history for his policy of peace, nonaggression, and cultural conquest. He had no model in early Indian history for the pursuit of such a policy;

4.5. He consistently adhered to his policy, for though he possessed sufficient resources and maintained a huge army, he did not wage any war after the conquest of Kalinga. In this sense, Ashoka was certainly far ahead of his day and generation.