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neoplasia by Mind Map: neoplasia

1. Site

2. Neoplasm Diseases

2.1. Bone neoplasms

2.1.1. 2ndry 1ry Myloma Lymphoma Cartilage forming Benign Bone forming Malignant

2.1.2. New Topic

2.2. Adenoma

2.3. Adenocarcinoma

2.4. Lipoma

2.5. Hemangioma

2.6. Lymphangioma

2.7. Angiosarcoma

2.8. Rhabdomyosarcoma

2.9. Rhabdomyoma

3. Def: abnormal cell proliferation

4. complications

4.1. Paraneoplastic syndrome

4.1.1. Disorders not explained by location of tumor. More often with cancers. eg. hypercalcemia and lung cancer

4.2. Benign

4.2.1. Malignancy

4.2.2. Cosmetics

4.2.3. Functioning

4.2.4. Obstruction of: larynx & CNS

4.3. Malignant

4.3.1. Causes of death Organ destruction Organ obstruction Malnutrition Cachexia Anemia Secondary infection

5. Causes

5.1. Etiology

5.1.1. Viruses and other infections

5.1.2. Geographical distribution

5.1.3. Hormones

5.1.4. Hereditary Factors

5.1.5. Age

5.1.6. Physical

5.1.7. Chemical

5.1.8. Nutritional

5.1.9. Acquired Preneoplastic lesions

5.2. Genetic Factors

5.2.1. Growth promoting proto-oncogenes

5.2.2. Growth inhibiting

5.2.3. Genes involved in DNA repair

5.2.4. Genes that regulate progammed cell death

6. Classification

6.1. Origin

6.1.1. Epithilial Lining Papilloma Glandular Carcinoma

6.1.2. Mesenchymal Fibrous tissues Fibroma Adipose tissues Lipoma Osseous Osteoma Cartilaginous Chondroma Muscular Smooth muscle Skeletal muscle Vascular tissues Blood vessels Lymph vessels

6.2. Behavior

6.2.1. Benign Characteristics Capsulated No malignancy features

6.2.2. Locally malignant Characteristics Infiltrating tumor with no distant spread [metastasis] Show microscopic features of malignancy Rate of growth faster than benign but slower than malignant

6.2.3. Malignant Characteristics Non capsulated From well differentiated to undifferentiated Microscopic features Cellular and nuclear pleomorphism Bizarre and giant cells Hyperchromatism Vesicular nuclei Inc N/C Ratio Multinucleation Mitotic figures Diagnosis under microscope Change in cell morphology Change in cell architecture Invasion Routes of spread Direct Metastasis Types of malignant tumor Carcinoma Sarcoma

7. Scientific expressions

7.1. Oncology

7.1.1. Science of the study of neoplasms

7.2. Tumor

7.2.1. Any swelling

7.3. Differentiation

7.3.1. Extend of resemblance of tumor of its tissue of origin Well differentiated Anaplasia Moderately Poorly Undifferentiated

7.4. Invasion

7.4.1. Spread of a neoplasm into adjacent structures

7.5. Teratoma

7.5.1. Tumor arising from totipotent cell These tumors can have many components from various tissues in one tumor

7.5.2. Cancer Malignant neoplasm

7.6. Blastoma

7.6.1. Tumor arising from primitive cells of the organ

7.7. Metastasis

7.7.1. Implantation of neoplasm into non contagious sites