History and Theories of Management

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History and Theories of Management by Mind Map: History and Theories of Management

1. organization management

1.1. top level management

1.1.1. control and oversee entire organization

1.2. middle level management

1.2.1. executes organization plans in line with set policies

1.3. low-level management

1.3.1. supervisors hat controls and directs junior employees.

2. Functions of management

2.1. planning

2.2. organizing

2.3. classifying the authority

2.4. leading

3. management theories

3.1. scientific theories by Fredrick Taylor

3.1.1. forcing people to work hard do not optimize results; money is key incentive for working

3.2. systems management theory

3.2.1. business like human body has components that work harmoniously so that larger systems can function optimally

3.3. contingency management theory

3.3.1. several internal and external factors influence chosen management approach.

3.4. bureaucratic theory by Max weber

3.4.1. unity and authority of organization hierarchy are central to bureaucracy.

3.5. Human relations theory by Elton Mayo

3.5.1. consider organization as social entity; money alone cannot satisfy employees

3.6. theory Y and X by Douglas McGregor

3.6.1. management styles are authoritarian(Y) and participative (X)

4. Management historical concepts

4.1. industrial revolution

4.1.1. a time from late 1700 through to 1600s,involved great upheavals;changes occurred in the way people lived and worked

4.2. the scientific-era

4.2.1. there was emergence of new technology hence increased productivity and efficiency; there was need to understand how best businesses can be conducted on the idea of work processes.

4.3. the modern era

4.3.1. management is defined as getting things done using others, tools are put forward in conducting businesses.

4.4. globalization

4.4.1. interdependence of world economies; developed after world war ii