Macroevolution - Sahar Ghorashi Original

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Macroevolution - Sahar Ghorashi Original by Mind Map: Macroevolution - Sahar Ghorashi Original

1. Name

1.1. Class Period

1.1.1. Making Claims

1.1.1.1. 1 | 🧠 Human Bias | Human Evolution

1.1.1.1.1. Discussion 1 | Propose how social/cultural cognitive **biases** (biases include stereotype, prejudices, discrimination, etc.) of others/groups does or could affect human **evolution**.

1.1.1.1.2. Discussion 2A | How could Darwin’s concept(s) for the mechanism of evolution **support** argument for racial equality?

1.1.1.1.3. Discussion 2B | How could Darwin’s concept(s) for the mechanism of evolution **refute** the argument for racial equality?

1.1.1.2. Film

1.1.1.2.1. 2 | 🎞 Human Zoos

1.1.1.3. 3 | 📚 Deconstructing Darwin's Academic Text

1.1.1.3.1. 1 | Select 2 of Charles Darwin's excerpts to **analyze**

1.1.1.3.2. 2 | **Compare** the two excerpts selected

1.1.1.4. Charles Darwin (1809-1882) Excerpts

1.1.1.4.1. Book | *Descent of Man *

1.1.1.4.2. Book | *Origin of Species *

1.1.1.4.3. Letters & Correspondence

1.1.1.5. 4 | ⚖️ An Ethical Evolutionary Biologist

1.1.1.5.1. 1 | Critical Analysis

1.1.1.5.2. 2 | Reflections

2. Exemplar | 📚 Deconstructing Darwin's Academic Text

2.1. Book | *Origin of Species* p. 168 of Chapter 5 | With savages, the weak in body or mind are soon eliminated; and those that survive commonly exhibit a vigorous state of health. We civilised men, on the other hand, do our utmost to check the process of elimination we build asylums for the imbecile, the maimed, and the sick; we institute poor-laws; and our medical men exert their utmost skill to save the life of every one to the last moment. There is reason to believe that vaccination has preserve thousands, who from a weak constitution would formerly have succumbed to small-pox. Thus the weak members of civilised societies propagate their kind. No one who has attended to the breeding of domestic animals will doubt that this must be highly injurious to the race of man. It is surprising how soon a want of care, or care wrongly directed, leads to the degeneration of a domestic race; but excepting in the case of man himself, hardly any one is so ignorant as to allow his worst animals to breed.

2.1.1. **Claim** When we do nice stuff for groups that are weaker it's bad for mankind/human species

2.1.2. **Evidence** Medicine, vaccination, & charitable civilised society keeps the weak alive

2.1.2.1. Theoretical Examples

2.1.2.1.1. Not collected data

2.1.2.2. Quantitative

2.1.2.2.1. As the types of charity/welfare increases, the rate of natural selection decreases. This can be shown by the ratios of weak vs strong individuals in a population

2.1.3. **Reasoning**

2.1.3.1. **Bias** AGAINST weak people

2.2. Book | *Descent of Man* pp. 145–146 of Chapter 4 | The belief that there exists in man some close relation between the size of the brain and the development of the intellectual faculties is supported by the comparison of the skulls of savage and civilised races, of ancient and modern people, and by the analogy of the whole vertebrate series. Dr. J. Barnard Davis has proved by many careful measurements, that the mean internal capacity of the skull in Europeans is 92·3 cubic inches; in Americans 87·5; in Asiatics 87·1; and in Australians only 81·9 inches.

2.2.1. **Claim** Other races r dum & European people r sMaRt

2.2.2. **Evidence** (Cubic inches of skull) Europeans 92·3 Americans 87·5 Asiatics 87·1 Australians only 81·9

2.2.3. **Reasoning** If bigger heads/brains means u smart then the ones (ones that ain't white) with small heads r dum

2.2.3.1. **Bias** AGAINST non-Europeans

2.2.3.1.1. Confirmation bias