Dental Anomalies

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Dental Anomalies by Mind Map: Dental Anomalies

1. 1.) Environmental Alterations of Teeth

1.1. Developmental tooth defects

1.1.1. Factors association with environmental enamel defects

1.1.1.1. Systemic

1.1.1.1.1. Birth-related trauma: Breech presentations, hypoxia, multiple births, premature birth, prolonged labor

1.1.1.1.2. Chemicals: Amoxicillin, antineoplastic chemotheraphy, cigarette smoke, fluoride, lead, tetracycline, thalidomide, vitamin D

1.1.1.1.3. Chromosomal abnormalities: Trisomy 21

1.1.1.1.4. Infections: Chicken pox, pneumonia, rubella, syphillis, tetanus, urinary tract & gastrointestinal infections

1.1.1.1.5. Inherited diseases: Amelo-cerebro-hypohidrotic syndrome, epidermolysis bulllosa, tuberous sclerosis

1.1.1.1.6. Malnutrition: Generalized malnutrirtion, Vitamin A & D deficiency

1.1.1.1.7. Medical conditions: Asthma, cardiac disease, celiac disease, etc.

1.1.1.1.8. Neurologic disorders: Cerebral palsy, intellectual disability, sensorineural hearing defects

1.1.1.2. Local

1.1.1.2.1. Local acute mechanical trauma: falls, gunshots, surgery

1.1.1.2.2. Electrical burn

1.1.1.2.3. Irradiation

1.1.1.2.4. Local infection: acute neonatal maxillitis, periapical inflammatory disease

1.1.2. Crown development

1.1.2.1. Primary dentition

1.1.2.2. Permanent dentition

1.1.3. Enamel deffects patterns

1.1.3.1. Hypoplasia

1.1.3.2. Diffuse opacities

1.1.3.3. Demarcated opacities

1.2. Postdevelopmental structure loss

1.3. Discolorations of teeth

1.4. Localized disturbances in eruption