Anemia

Get Started. It's Free
or sign up with your email address
Anemia by Mind Map: Anemia

1. Normocytic ( normochromic anemia)

2. Cause

2.1. 1- bone marrow depression

2.2. 2- acute blood loss ( haemorrhage)

2.3. 3- excessive hemolysis of RBCs : jaundice is present

2.3.1. Extrinsic disorder

2.3.1.1. Drugs

2.3.1.2. Chemicals

2.3.1.3. Bacterial infection

2.3.2. Interinsic disorders :

2.3.2.1. Spherocytosis

2.3.2.2. G-6-PD deficiency

2.3.2.3. Sickle cell anemia

2.3.2.4. Thalassemia

3. Symptoms

3.1. Central: faitigue

3.2. Spleen: enlargement

3.3. Heart : angina and heart attack

3.4. Skin : yellowing

3.5. muscle: pain

3.6. Digestion : change in stool color

3.7. Respiratory: shortness of breath

4. Type

4.1. Microcytic ( hypochromic anemia )

4.1.1. 1 - decrease iron in diet

4.1.1.1. Growing children

4.1.1.2. Pregnancy

4.1.2. 2 - decrease iron absorption

4.1.2.1. Partial gastrectomy

4.1.2.2. Vitamin C deficiency

4.1.3. 3 - chronic blood loss

4.1.3.1. peptic ulcer

4.1.3.2. Piles

4.2. Macrocytic anemia ( megaloblastic anemia)

4.2.1. 1 - Folic acid deficiency

4.2.2. 2- vitamin B12 deficiency