Strategies for teaching in a multicultural classroom

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Strategies for teaching in a multicultural classroom by Mind Map: Strategies for teaching in a multicultural classroom

1. Scaffolding

1.1. Learners should be scaffolded in order to bridge the gap in their academic performance. Many learners do not understand other childrens' cultures and it it important for the teacher to encourage the learners to learn about the different cultures in the classroom (Lemmer, Meier and van Wyk, 2012).

2. Cooperative learning

2.1. Learners of different cultural backgrounds should work together in small groups to broaden their knowledge on each other's culture. This strategy is really effective because the learners can share their personal experiences with the groups (Lemmer, Meier and van Wyk, 2012).

3. Peer tutoring

3.1. In the Foundation Phase this strategy will not really work effectively, but learners can still share their experiences with any individual in the classroom (Lemmer, Meier and van Wyk, 2012).

4. Teacher behaviours

4.1. Appreciate and accommodate the similarities and differences among the students' cultures. Effective teachers of culturally diverse students acknowledge both individual and cultural differences enthusiastically and identify these differences in a positive manner. This positive identification creates a basis for the development of effective communication and instructional strategies. Social skills such as respect and cross-cultural understanding can be modeled, taught, prompted, and reinforced by the teacher (TeacherVision, [s.a.].)

5. Instructional strategies

5.1. Promote student on-task behaviour. Keeping students actively involved in the lessons – for example, by asking questions that require students to recall information – also helps them to stay focused and increases the intensity of instruction (TeacherVision, [s.a.].)

6. Motivate all students to use a variety of reading materials

6.1. A great way to improve cultural awareness is to encourage reading. Whether it be in an assignment or presentation, teachers can provide different ways of reading. For example, it can be ebooks, audiobooks, dramatic plays, movies, books, or short stories (Spanish4kiddos, 2021).

7. Solving problems

7.1. Given the same set of information about a problem, students from different cultural backgrounds are likely to suggest a wide array of solutions. A teacher’s job is to validate a range of approaches and help students understand there are multiple ways to solve a problem (Accredited Schools Online, 2021).