Theories

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Theories by Mind Map: Theories

1. Technology Theories

1.1. SCOT

1.1.1. Social Construction of Technology

1.1.2. human action shapes technology and not the other way round

1.1.3. can be used to analyze why a piece of technology was successful or not

1.1.4. success or failure of a technology is socially determined regardless of how good the technology really is

1.1.5. old people like me will think of VHS vs Beta as an example

1.1.5.1. Beta was considered the better technology but VHS won the market share and Beta disappeared; one reason for this is that VHS worked better for movie rentals because you could fit a whole movie onto one tape

1.2. Media Ecology

1.2.1. there is no single defintion

1.2.2. this is the study of media as environments

1.2.3. technology has very strong influences on society

1.2.4. technology affects the way we see the world

1.2.5. Media Ecology Association

1.2.6. Sees humans as affected by technology rather than SCOT which sees technology being affected by humans

1.2.6.1. This makes me think of the movie, Wall-E. Did the people in the movie shape their technology or did the technology shape the people?

2. Learning Theories

2.1. Constructivist

2.1.1. knowledge is constructed by the learner

2.1.2. every learner brings their own experiences to learning

2.1.3. teacher is a facilitator rather than a lecturer

2.1.4. learning is active

2.2. Connectivism

2.2.1. people learn when they are able to make connections between different nodes of information

2.2.2. knowledge exists in the world and not in the brain of any one person

2.2.3. knowledge is out there for the learner to find

2.2.4. learning is active

2.2.5. the teacher is there to provides activities and opportunities for the students to find and make connections with knowledge

2.3. Cognitive Load

2.3.1. there are two kinds of memory: working memory and long term

2.3.2. long term memory is where we store our long term knowledge

2.3.3. we use working memory to take in information and then it moves to long term memory for "storage"

2.3.4. information overload of the working memory impairs learning

2.3.5. teachers need to be aware of how much new information they are presenting all at once