Anatomy of the Eye

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Anatomy of the Eye by Mind Map: Anatomy of the Eye

1. 1. Describe lesions that you see by location and five features: Size, Shape, Borders, Distance from the optic nerve, Colour. 2. Accurate description suggests the histopathology. 3. Understanding the histopathology will give you >90% probability of making the correct diagnosis in an HIV clinic.

2. Learning Objectives

2.1. 1. Review basic ocular anatomy and histology

2.2. 2. Describe the retinal landmarks that are crucial for ophthalmoscopy in HIV patients

2.3. 3. Be able to characterize retinal lesions using 5 features

2.4. 4. Understand the links between retinal anatomy, histology, and histopathology

2.5. 5. Translate knowledge into diagnosis in HIV patients

3. Topics

3.1. Topic 1: Anatomy overview

3.1.1. The Three Basic Layers of the Eye

3.1.2. Anterior Segment

3.1.3. Posterior Segment

3.2. Topic 2: The normal fundus

3.2.1. 6 Key Retinal Landmarks: 1. Optic disc 2. Nerve fiber layer 3. Superior and inferior temporal vascular arcades 4. Fovea 5. Vortex veins / the equator of the eye 6. Choroidal markings seen through the normal translucent retina

3.2.2. Red Reflex

3.3. Topic 3: Histology

3.3.1. Nerve fiber layer

3.3.2. Retinal layers

3.3.3. Choroid

3.4. Topic 4: Indirect ophthalmoscopy

3.4.1. Lesion location

3.4.2. 5 ways to characterize a lesion: 1. Size 2. Shape 3. Borders 4. Distance from optic nerve 5. Colour

3.4.3. Retinal detachment

3.5. Topic 5: Histopathology:

3.5.1. CMV retinitis

3.5.2. Choroidal TB

3.5.3. Cotton wool spots

4. Summary

5. An Initiative by SEVA Foundation