The 4 skills

The 4 skills

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The 4 skills by Mind Map: The 4 skills

1. Reading

1.1. Extensive

1.1.1. What to read

1.1.1.1. Authentic materials

1.1.1.2. Graded readers

1.1.1.3. My own texts

1.1.2. How to read

1.1.2.1. Visible thinking activities

1.1.2.2. Exploiting the whole text

1.2. Intensive

1.2.1. The teacher's role

1.2.1.1. Pre teaching

1.2.1.2. Intensive reading techniques

1.2.1.2.1. Pre reading

1.2.1.2.2. While reading

1.2.1.2.3. After reading

1.2.2. The vocabulary question

1.2.2.1. While reading

1.2.2.2. After reading

1.2.3. The students' involvement

1.2.3.1. Motivation and Engagement

1.2.3.1.1. Visible thinking activities

1.2.4. Listening to a Podcast

2. Interactive communication

2.1. Topic development

2.2. Initiating and responding

3. Pictureless listening with music

4. Productive skills

4.1. Writing

4.1.1. Literacy

4.1.1.1. Handwriting

4.1.1.2. Spelling

4.1.1.3. Layout

4.1.1.4. Capitalization and punctuation

4.1.2. Approaches to writing

4.1.2.1. Process and product

4.1.2.2. Genre

4.1.2.2.1. Descriptive

4.1.2.2.2. Narrative

4.1.2.2.3. Expository

4.1.2.2.4. Technical

4.1.2.2.5. Poetic

4.1.2.3. Collaborative and Individual writing

4.2. Speaking

4.2.1. Elements of speaking

4.2.1.1. Pronunciation

4.2.1.1.1. features

4.2.1.2. Discourse management

4.2.1.2.1. Cohesion

4.2.1.2.2. Coherence

4.2.1.2.3. Context and Audience/Interlocutor

4.2.1.2.4. Relevance

4.2.1.2.5. Extent

4.2.1.3. Grammatical resource

4.2.1.3.1. Accuracy

4.2.1.3.2. Range

4.2.2. The teacher's role

4.2.2.1. Feedback provider

4.2.2.2. Motivator

4.2.2.3. Prompter

4.2.3. Lexical resource

4.2.3.1. Appropriacy

4.2.3.2. Range

5. Receptive skills

5.1. Listening to a radio programme and news broadcasts

5.2. Listening

5.2.1. Intensive

5.2.1.1. Listening for gist

5.2.1.2. Listening for specific information

5.2.2. Listening to recordings

5.2.3. Live listening

5.2.3.1. Reading aloud

5.2.3.2. Story telling

5.2.3.3. Interviews

5.2.3.4. Conversations

5.2.3.5. Announcements

6. Is watching films and video a 5th skill?

6.1. Viewing techniques

6.1.1. Fast forward

6.1.2. Silent viewing for language

6.1.3. Silent viewing for music

6.1.4. Freeze frame

6.1.5. Partial viewing

6.1.6. Pictureless listening with language

6.1.7. Pictureless listening with sound effects

6.1.8. Picture or speech