Research Methodology

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Research Methodology by Mind Map: Research Methodology

1. Basic Concept

1.1. Researcher's Attitude & Thinking

1.1.1. The Attitude of a Researcher

1.1.2. Thinking of Researcher

1.2. Research Objectives

1.2.1. Exploration

1.2.2. Descriptive

1.2.3. Prediction

1.2.4. Explanation

1.2.5. Action

1.3. Research Function

1.3.1. Describe, Provide Data or Information

1.3.2. Describe Data or Conditions or The Background for an Event or Phenomenon

1.3.3. Developing a Theory

1.3.4. Predicting, Estimating, and Projecting

1.3.5. Controlling Events and Symptoms That Occur

1.4. Variety of Research

1.4.1. Research in Terms of Objectives

1.4.2. Research in Terms of Approach

1.4.3. Research Viewed from The Field of Science

1.4.4. Research in Terms of Place

1.4.5. Research Invariables

1.4.6. Quantitative and Qualitative

1.5. Research Elements

1.5.1. Concept

1.5.2. Propositions

1.5.3. Theory

1.5.4. Variable

1.5.5. Hypothesis

1.5.6. Operational Definition

2. Quantitative & Qualitative Research

2.1. Quantitative Research

2.1.1. Characteristics

2.1.2. Somes Quantitative research methods that are quite often used

2.2. Quantitative Research

2.2.1. Characteristics

2.2.2. Primary Data

2.2.3. Secondary Data

2.3. Quantitative Research

2.3.1. Axioms

2.3.2. Research Characteristics

2.3.3. Research Process

2.4. Quantitative Research

2.4.1. Quantitative

2.4.2. Qualitative

3. Research Components

3.1. Problems, according to Sugiyono (2012)

3.1.1. Descriptive Problems

3.1.2. Comparative Problems

3.1.3. Associative Problems

3.2. Scientific Theory

3.2.1. Kinds of Theories

3.2.2. Things to be considered about Theory

3.2.3. Function of Theory

3.3. Variables

3.3.1. Definition

3.3.2. 3 Types of Grouping Variables

3.3.3. Uses of Variables

3.4. Hypothesis

3.4.1. Definition

3.4.2. Function

3.4.3. Hypothesis in Research

3.4.4. Characteristics

3.4.5. Stages of Hypothesis

3.4.6. Relationship between Hypothesis and Theory

3.5. Population & Sample

3.5.1. Definition of Population and Sample

3.5.2. Technique Sampling

3.6. Data

3.6.1. Data by Source

3.6.2. Data based on its characteristics

4. Research Instruments

4.1. Data Collection Technique

4.1.1. Through Questionnaires

4.1.2. Through The Interview Method

4.1.3. Through The Observation Method

4.1.4. Through The Documentation Method

4.2. Research Instruments

4.2.1. Test Instruments Form

4.2.1.1. Personality test

4.2.1.2. Talent test

4.2.1.3. Intelligence test

4.2.1.4. Attitude test

4.2.1.5. Interest test

4.2.1.6. Achievement test

4.2.2. Through The Interview Method

4.2.2.1. Open questionnaire

4.2.2.2. Closed questionnaire

4.2.2.3. Direct questionnaire

4.2.2.4. Indirect questionnaire

4.2.2.5. Check list

4.2.2.6. Graded scale

4.2.3. Interview Instrument Form

4.2.4. Observation Instrument Form

4.2.5. Rating Scale Instrument Form

4.3. Validity Instruments

4.3.1. Kinds of Validity

4.3.1.1. Rational Validity

4.3.1.2. Empirical Validity

4.3.2. Validity of Problem Toolkit

4.3.2.1. Empirical Validity of objective items

4.3.2.2. Empirical Validity of essay items

4.3.3. Factors Affecting Validity

4.3.3.1. Factors originating in the test

4.3.3.2. Factors derived from administration and test scores

4.3.3.3. Factors derived from student answers

4.4. Realibility Instruments

4.4.1. Documentation Instrument Form

4.4.2. Reliability or Empirical Reliability Problem

4.4.2.1. Stability

4.4.2.2. Equivalent

4.4.2.3. Internal

4.4.3. Factors Affecting Instrument Reliability

4.4.3.1. The length of the test

4.4.3.2. The spread of scores

4.4.3.3. Difficulty tests

4.4.3.4. Objectivity

4.5. Data Collection Technique

4.5.1. Systematic responden error (XS)

4.5.1.1. The existence of social desirability bias

4.5.1.2. Acquiescence response sets

4.5.2. Random error (XR)

4.5.3. The true score of the characteristics of the object being measured itself (XT)

5. Research Design

5.1. Types of Research Design

5.1.1. Casual Comperative Research

5.1.2. Experimental Research

5.1.3. Ethnographic Research

5.1.4. Historical Research

5.1.5. Action Research

5.1.6. Survey Research

5.1.7. Correlation Research

5.2. Kinds of Research Design

5.2.1. Cross Sectional Study

5.2.1.1. The Advantages, The Disadvantages, and The Stages

5.2.2. Case Control Study

5.2.2.1. The Advantages, The Disadvantages, and The Stages

5.2.3. Cohort Study

5.2.3.1. The Advantages, The Disadvantages, and The Stages

5.2.4. Experimental Research

5.2.4.1. Several Factors Associated

5.2.5. Quasi Experimental

6. Data Analysis Designs

6.1. Qualitative Research

6.1.1. Definition

6.1.2. Method

6.1.3. Approaches

6.1.3.1. Grounded Theory

6.1.3.2. Ethnography

6.1.3.3. Action Research

6.1.3.4. Phenomenological Research

6.1.3.5. Narrative Research

6.1.4. Analysis

6.1.4.1. Content

6.1.4.2. Thematic

6.1.4.3. Textual

6.1.4.4. Discourses

6.1.5. Advantages

6.1.6. Disadvantages

6.2. Quantitative Research

6.2.1. Definition

6.2.2. Principles

6.2.3. Process

6.2.3.1. Survey

6.2.3.2. (Systematic) observation

6.2.3.3. Secondary Research

6.2.3.4. Experiment

6.2.4. Analysis

6.2.4.1. Collect Data

6.2.4.2. Descriptive Statistics

6.2.4.3. Inferential Statistics

6.2.5. Advantages

6.2.6. Disadvantages