Teaching Young Learners

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Teaching Young Learners by Mind Map: Teaching Young Learners

1. Level 1: 5 to 7 years old

1.1. Talk about what they are doing Tell what they have done or heard Plan activities Use logical reasoning Use vivid imagination Use a wide range of intonation patterns in their mother tongue Understand human interaction

1.1.1. Other characteristics: Rules are very important, they obey them and make them feel secure Their understanding comes through their senses The physical world is dominant Very logical Short attention span Cannot decide what to learn Difficulty in knowing What is fact or fiction. Self-centered Love to play and learn Enthusiastic and positive about learning: praising is very important

2. Level 2: 8 to 10 years old

2.1. They have very decided views of the world Tell the difference between fact and fiction Ask questions all the time They rely on the spoken and physical world to convey meaning Make desicions about their own learning

2.1.1. Other characteristics: Sense of fairness about what happens in the classroom and begin to question the teacher's decisions Team work and learn from others Language development: Have developed their L1 with all the basic elements in place. Competent users of their L1 and are aware of the main rules of syntax: 1)Understand abstracts 2)Understand symbols (beginning with words) 3)Generalise and systematise

3. When learning a foreing language: (5 to 7 years old) You sensibilize students to the language Can learn rhythms and sound patterns Vocabulary Common expressions Don't expect students to learn grammar rules

4. When learning a foreing language: (8 to 10 years old) There are still many similarities between learning one's L1 and a foreign language Much depends on students L1, emotional and social factors Most kids have some sort of language awareness and readiness