SPEAKING PART 1

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SPEAKING PART 1 by Mind Map: SPEAKING PART 1

1. Introduction

1.1. Work or Study

1.1.1. Are you a student or are you working?

1.1.2. Is there anything you don't like your job?

1.1.3. Do you like your job?

1.1.4. What are the advantages of studying instead of working?

1.1.5. What do you like about your job?

1.1.6. Why did you choose this subject?

1.1.7. Why do you find the most interesting aspect about your subject?

1.1.8. Why do you dislike about your subject/study?

1.1.9. What do you hope to do after your graduation?

1.1.10. What are your ambitions for the future?

1.1.11. Is your major a popular major in your country?

2. People

2.1. Family

2.1.1. Who do you live with?

2.1.2. Do you like to be alone?

2.1.3. When do you spend time with your family?

2.2. Friends

2.2.1. Are your friends mostly your age or different ages?

2.2.2. In what ways are your friends important to you?

2.3. Teachers

2.3.1. What’s your opinion of teachers?/What makes a teacher in your opinion?

2.3.1.1. In my opinion, a good teacher should be one who puts her heart into teaching. This is because only by doing so will the students feel their passion and hard work. When a teacher strives hard for the students, students will put in their effort as well. If a teacher dislikes her job, goes to classes in a bad mood, her teaching would also be affected and students would not be able to enjoy lessons as well.

2.3.1.1.1. - puts her heart into teaching

2.3.1.1.2. - strives hard for sth/sb = attempt

2.3.1.1.3. - put in sb's effort

2.3.1.1.4. - in a bad/good mood:

2.3.1.2. I respect teachers enormously. They allow children to grow into educated and intelligent people, ready to understand the world and succeed in it. Without teachers, we would all be ignorant.

2.3.1.2.1. - ignorant /ˈɪɡnərənt/= uneducated: thiếu hiểu biết

2.3.2. Do you think it’s important to like your teachers?

2.3.2.1. You don’t have to like your teacher personally for them to be a good teacher. In fact, from time to time if you see a teacher as your friend, it can cause some problems down the line.

2.3.2.1.1. - down the line = at that time: ở một thời điểm nào đấy

2.3.2.1.2. - from time to time = sometimes

2.3.3. Did any teachers in your high school have a big influence on you?

2.3.3.1. My history teacher has had a lasting impact on me. I learnt so much from his entertaining and educational lessons, and he helped me begin my lifelong love of history. I’ll always be grateful to him for that. I can’t say if one teacher inspired me greatly. I’ve had a few teachers that were awesome and gave me that little push.

2.3.3.1.1. - have had a lasting impact on me

2.3.3.1.2. - be grateful to sb: biết ơn ai

2.3.3.1.3. - lifelong love of sth: tình yêu suốt đời

2.3.3.1.4. - gave me that little push

2.3.4. Were your high school teachers very strict?

2.3.4.1. It depended on the teacher in question. Some were very strict indeed while others were more chilled out and let you get away with. Compared to most schools, I think my teachers weren’t strict.

2.3.4.1.1. - chilled out: rất thoải mái

2.3.4.1.2. - to get away with sth: tự do với cái gì

2.3.5. What sort of personality do teachers need to have?

2.3.5.1. Patience is a virtue” as the saying goes, and I believe teachers need to possess this quality in abundance. It’s a tiring and stressful job, so teachers have to be calm and in control at all times. They also need to have a passion for their subject. I think that a few good qualities include being down-to-earth with students, understanding their problems before judging them as right or wrong.

2.3.5.1.1. - tiring and stressful: mệt mỏi và căng thẳng

2.3.5.1.2. - down-to-earth: thực tế

2.3.5.1.3. - virtue:/ˈvɜːrtʃuː/: behaviour or attitudes that show high moral standards: đức hạnh

2.3.5.1.4. - have a passion for = be passionate about

2.3.5.2. Firstly, I think a teacher needs to be patient. Secondly, I think the teacher must be kind and encouraging, which creates a warm, open learning environment. I also think they should have interpersonal skills to be able to understand the needs of all different students. There are different kinds of teachers, but I would use this as rule of thumb (a general rule).

2.3.5.2.1. - creates a warm, open learning environment

2.3.5.2.2. - interpersonal skills: kỹ năng xã hội

2.3.5.2.3. - rule of thumb (a general rule)

2.3.6. Do you like any teachers of yours?/ Who was your favorite teacher?/ Do you remember your fav teacher from primary school?

2.3.6.1. There were a few teachers that I was particularly fond of. Let me tell you about my high school PE teacher, Mrs. Burrier. Since she knew I was painfully shy and especially clumsy (can easily trip or fall) when it comes to gym class, she allowed me to do the dance routine that she assigned to us in a private room only in front of her to save me any possible embarrassment. I appreciated it, a lot!

2.3.6.1.1. - clumsy (can easily trip or fall): hậu đậu

2.3.6.2. I had so many favorite teachers it’s a bit difficult to pick one, but I would say my math teacher in high school was the one who had the most influence on me in a positive way. Math used to be my least favorite subject but he had his own way of making the lessons fun and engaging. He was definitely my go-to teacher whenever I got a math problem. In my student life, my English teacher left the deepest impression on me. I can describe her as a person who has a heart of gold and always puts students first. Thanks to her assistance, I did have a good English performance in my university entrance exam.

2.3.6.2.1. - have the most influence on me

2.3.6.2.2. - go-to

2.3.6.2.3. - leave the deepest impression on me

2.3.6.2.4. - have a heart of gold

2.3.6.2.5. - put students first: đặt học sinh lên hàng đầu

2.3.6.3. Of course! I’ll tell you about my second grade teacher, Ms. Puleo. She was always kind, encouraging, and incredibly patient, even with us little rascals /ˈræskl/ (slang for kids). I always felt a sense of warmth in her classroom, which the students responded well to. The world needs more teachers like her.

2.3.6.3.1. - feel a sense of warmth: cảm nhận sự ấm áp

2.3.7. Do you still keep in touch with your teacher?

2.3.7.1. I’ve lost contact with all elementary and middle school teachers, but I keep in touch with a couple of university professors. As uni professors are allowed to have more of a relationship with students, it was easier to get to know them. My Spanish professor and I message back and forth every year to catch up.

2.3.7.1.1. - back and forth: ​from one place to another and back again repeatedly: qua lại

2.3.8. Do you want to be a teacher?

2.3.8.1. As I’m not a patient person, I don’t think teaching is for me. Furthermore, I dread (don’t look forward to) the thought of standing in front of the classroom trying to get the class’s attention while the children fool around (play). I think it takes a special person to be a teacher, and unfortunately I don’t meet the criteria!

2.3.8.1.1. - dread: to be very afraid of something; to fear that something bad is going to happen: kinh sợ

2.3.8.1.2. - meet the criteria

2.3.8.1.3. - fool around: play

2.3.9. Did you pretend to be a teacher in the childhood?

2.3.9.1. Oh yes! I remember playing teacher with a small chalkboard my friend had at her house. I used to think it was so entertaining to be the teacher and give the class assignments to do; I usually focused on Math and Art. I loved pretending to give orders!

2.3.9.1.1. - give the class assignments

2.3.9.1.2. - give orders: ra lệnh

2.4. Celebrities

2.4.1. Who is your favorite celebrity in your country?

2.4.1.1. I guess not only me, but a number of young people have also been highly impressed by her for the past months- Deshauna Barber. She is our 2016 Miss USA and the representative of the USA in Miss Universe taking place in Las Vegas in the same year. After the beauty contests, she became well-known for her outstanding beauty, her amazing characteristics and also her professionalism.

2.4.1.1.1. Representative (n) A person chosen or appointed to act or speak for another or others, in particular.

2.4.1.1.2. Professionalism (n) The competence or skill expected of a professional (in terms of personalities, lifestyle, social relationships)

2.4.1.1.3. Outstanding (adj) exceptionally good

2.4.2. Do you like any foreign celebrities?

2.4.2.1. Absolutely. The person I’m gonna talk about is my bias ever since I was a teenage girl-Miley Cyrus. I guess most people at the same age as I, grew up with Disney Channel and among its successful series, Hannah Montana starring Miley Cyrus would always be on top of my list. Although now she’s grown up, I’m still a big fan of her amazing voice and highly inspiring songs.

2.4.2.1.1. Bias (n) A concentration on our interest in one particular area or subject.

2.4.2.1.2. To be on top of the list (expression) to be the highest priority

2.4.2.1.3. To be a (big/huge/avid) fan of (expression) to admire SO

2.4.3. Would you like to be a celebrity?

2.4.3.1. Well though I’ve never thought about it, I’m pretty sure that rising to stardom would never be one of my life goals. I appreciate all the efforts that the celebrities, no matter which field they’re working on, are making every single day. However, I find myself not belonging to that world, I mean, you never know what’s going on when the curtains close, right? So yeah, I don’t think I want to become a public figure, to be honest.

2.4.3.1.1. To appreciate (v): Recognize the full worth of/To be grateful of Sth

2.4.3.1.2. What’s going on when the curtains close (phrase): the secrets lie behind the showbiz

2.4.3.1.3. To rise to stardom (expression): to become famous

2.4.3.1.4. Public figure (np): a well-known and notable person

2.4.4. Do you think we should protect famous people’s privacy?

2.4.4.1. Indeed. As you probably can tell, these days fans, anti-fans and even non-fans are so curious about what their bias is doing. Some are aggressive that they mentally attack their bias by leaving bad comments online. Some even approach them in person on the street, especially the so-called paparazzi. Thus I strongly agree that there should be some regulations to protect the celebrities’ privacy.

2.4.4.1.1. Bias (n): prejudice in favour of or against one thing, person, or group compared with another

2.4.4.1.2. So-called (adj) used to introduce a new word or phrase that is not yet known by many people

2.4.4.1.3. Paparazzi (n) a freelance photographer, especially one who takes candid pictures of celebrities for publication.

2.4.5. How do celebrities influence their fans in your country?

2.4.5.1. I think the influence of celebrities on fans is extensive. It’s somehow natural to follow our bias and try to be like them. At the first place, it could probably be just physical changes like clothing, hairstyle or makeup. However thanks to the social network, fans and idols are much closer now, sometimes it’s just a status away. However, this mental connection is a two-edged sword, meaning the idols actually need to be more careful about their lifestyle or their manners.

2.4.5.1.1. physical changes (n) changes in appearance

2.4.5.1.2. two-edged sword (idiom) pros and cons

3. Place

3.1. Hometown

3.1.1. What kind of place is it?

3.1.2. What is the most interesting part of your hometown?

3.1.3. What kind of jobs do people in your town/ village do?

3.1.4. Is your hometown changing?

3.1.5. Would you say it is a good place to live in? Why?

3.1.6. What changes would you like to make to your hometown?

3.1.7. What are the advantages of living in your hometown?

3.1.8. What are some problems that your hometown is faced with?

3.1.9. Compare your hometown with a nearby city.

3.1.10. What are some environmental problems in your hometown?

3.2. Accommodation/Home

3.2.1. Do you live in a flat or a house?

3.2.2. Do you prefer to live in a house or a flat?

3.2.3. Why do you like your home?

3.2.4. Which room do you like the best at home?

3.2.5. What do you usually do in your house?

3.2.6. Do you have a plan to move to a new house or a flat in the future?

3.2.7. Do you know your neighbors? It is good to know your neighbors?

3.2.8. Do you prefer young or old neighbors?

3.3. Buildings

3.4. City

3.4.1. Do you prefer the city or the countryside? What kind of cities do you like?

3.4.2. Do you like the city you are living now?

3.4.3. Which city have you been recently?

3.4.4. Which cities you want to go?

3.5. Museum

3.6. Park and Garden

3.6.1. Do you often go to a park or a public garden?

3.6.2. How often do you go there?

3.6.3. What do other people do there?

3.6.4. What do you think are the functions of parks and public gardens?

3.6.5. Does your family have a garden?

3.6.6. Do many people in Vietnam have their own garden?

3.6.7. If someone has a private garden in Vietnam, do they usually prefer to grow flowers or vegetables?

3.6.8. Have you ever grown anything? (in a garden, or possibly in a flower pot)

3.6.9. Do Vietnamese people like growing flowers?

3.7. Beaches

3.8. Mountain

3.9. Martket

3.10. Cinema

4. Experience

4.1. Foreign Language Studies

4.1.1. What do you find difficult about learning English?

4.1.2. How long have you been learning English

4.2. Birthday

4.2.1. How do children celebrate birthdays in your country?

4.3. Travel and Holiday

4.3.1. How do you usually spend your holidays?

4.3.2. Is there anywhere you would particularly like to visit? Why?

4.3.3. Have you visited many foreign countries?

4.3.4. Do you like travelling?

4.3.5. What public holidays do you have in your country?

4.3.6. Do you like public holidays?

4.3.7. Which public holidays do you like the most?

4.3.8. What do other people in your country usually do on public holidays?

4.3.9. Do you think public holidays are important?

4.4. Leisure Time

4.4.1. Do you have any hobbies or interests? What are they

4.4.2. How did you become interested in that hobby/interest?

4.4.3. What do you do in your spare time?

4.4.4. What do you do to relax?

4.4.5. How do you spend your time in the evening?

4.4.6. Do you think modern lifestyles give people enough time for leisure?

4.4.7. What do you think is the importance of leisure time in life?

4.4.8. Do men and women enjoy the same leisure activities?

4.4.9. What types of leisure activities are popular in your country?

4.4.10. Why is it important for people to have time for leisure activities?

4.4.11. Why are some leisure activities more popular than others?

4.4.12. Are there types of leisure activities that are as popular today as those that were popular when your parents were young?

4.4.13. When do you have free time?

4.4.14. Do you think it is important to have leisure time?

4.4.15. How does that (the way Vietnamese people like to relax) compare with Western countries?

4.4.16. Do your friends ever come to your home in their free time?

4.4.17. Compare the way people in Vietnam relax today and the way they used to relax years ago?

4.5. Help

4.5.1. Do you like to help others?

4.5.2. Have you ever refused to help others?

4.5.3. When was the last time you helped others?

4.5.4. Would you like to keep helping others in the future?

4.5.5. Did your parents teach you the importance of helping others?

4.6. Daily Routine

4.6.1. What would you like to change in your daily routine?

4.6.2. Are you all day the same?

4.6.3. Tell me about your typical weekday and your typical weekend.

4.6.4. Do you get up early in the morning?

4.6.5. Is breakfast important?

4.7. Reading

4.7.1. Do you like readings?

4.7.1.1. Yes, I’m definitely a bibliophile (a person who loves to read)! I believe that books are a way to not only escape, but also gain more knowledge. By the same token, people who read tend to have a richer vocabulary and a higher level of general knowledge, so they tend to have more to talk about, and are thus more interesting.

4.7.2. Do you read electronic book ?

4.7.2.1. Definitely yes. I’m a real sucker for e-books as they are portable. I often download my favorite books and copy them to my smartphones or Ipads and when I’m on the bus in other public places, I will take my hi-tech devices out and start to read right on my phone.

4.7.3. What kind of books do you like to read?

4.7.3.1. I love reading anything that falls under literary fiction. By this I mean authors like Virginia Woolf, Jane Austen and Haruki Murakami. I can’t get enough of Kafka on the shore!

4.7.4. What was your favorite book as a child?

4.7.4.1. I remember being very fond of a book called “My Sister’s Keeper”. I recall that it was the story of two sisters, one of which needed a kidney transplant. Although the sister was initially apprehensive (scared; nervous) to do so, she ended up donating a kidney to her sister and saving her.

4.7.5. Have you lent books to other?

4.7.5.1. At times, I reckon. My friends and t are avid readers and would love to exchange books with one another. So, I often lend my books, mostly English books to my besties and get in return some comic books to read in my free time.

4.7.6. Have you borrowed books from others?

4.7.6.1. As I have said, I have a circle of friends who are bookworms! which means I’m in the habit of borrowing some comic books from my friends to while away the time during days off or just to catch up on things in the Manga world.

4.7.7. Do you read professional books ?

4.7.7.1. At the moment, I’m getting bogged down with work! so I can’t manage decent time for reading books related to my major field of study, but in the past during my university years, I had to say I was a bookworm, and purchased books every week to enhance my expertise.

4.8. Weekend

4.8.1. How do you usually spend your weekends?

4.8.2. What do you do in your spare time?

4.8.3. When do you spend time with your family?

4.8.4. What do other people in your hometown usually do on weekends?

4.8.5. Do you think it is important to make the most of your weekend?

4.8.6. Do you feel that weekends now are more important to you than when you were a child?

4.9. Relaxation

4.10. Shopping

4.10.1. What is the worst thing about shopping?

4.10.2. Do you prefer to go shopping alone or with friends?

4.11. Changes

4.11.1. Is there any difference in your life now from when you were a child?

4.12. Swimming

4.12.1. Is swimming a very popular activity in your country?

4.13. Outdoor Activities

4.13.1. What do you do in your spare time?

4.13.2. Do you like outdoor activities?

4.13.3. What outdoor activities do you most like to do?

4.13.4. How much time do you spend outdoors every week?

4.13.5. What types of outdoor activities are popular in your country?

5. Media

5.1. TV

5.1.1. What’s your favorite TV program?

5.1.1.1. Definitely music channels such as MTV or V-channel. These channels offer a wide variety of music every day. Also, they also interact with their audience by allowing them to vote for the Top 20 songs of each week or to play the songs they requested.

5.1.2. What types of TV programs are popular in your country?

5.1.2.1. In my country, these days reality shows and comedy shows are among the most popular TV programs. I guess it’s because its content is suitable for the audience of any age from children to the elderly. The fans of reality shows feel interactive and familiar with the competitors while that of comedy shows generally want to be entertained with jokes and laughter.

5.1.3. Do you ever watch foreign programs or films?

5.1.3.1. I did enjoy quite a lot of shows and programs, from music, movies, fashion, news and scientific documentaries since the foreign are so good at visual editing and content management. Most of them are in English because I’m more familiar with this language compare to French or Japanese.

5.1.4. What types of programs did you watch when you were a child?

5.1.4.1. Like other children, I watched a number of cartoons and music programs for children when I was a child. Tom and Jerry, Barbie, Disney series are my favourites which still gets me excited whenever I see them on TV now. My mom said I also was kind of attracted to music programs for children that I focused on them completely while eating.

5.1.5. Do you think TV has changed in the past few decades?/ Do you think TV has changed since you were a child?

5.1.5.1. Televisions indeed have been changing remarkably for the past few years. The technology has become so innovative and competitive to meet the customers’ high demand for entertainment. The variety of TV programs is no longer limited to the national level but has reached to a number of foreign countries, and is significantly diversifying in content for audience preference.

5.1.5.1.1. - To be innovative (adj.): to be developed in the technology

5.1.5.1.2. - To meet one’s demand on Something (v): to provide someone with Something/to provide Somthing for Someone

5.1.5.1.3. - To diversify (v): to vary, to have many choices available

5.1.6. Has TV changed your life in any way?

5.1.6.1. I think watching TV has become a habit that I would hardly change. My family always watch the news while having dinner together. Personally, I’d love watching TV for relaxing after studying as well as keeping myself updated on showbiz, music, movies, landscape discoveries and fields of science. Thus as long as I do not become a couch potato, TV has always played an important role in my life, making my life more colourful and opening in front of my eyes the places I’ve never been to.

5.1.6.1.1. - Couch potato (phrase): a person who is addicted to watching TV

5.1.6.1.2. - To play an important/key/crucial role in Something (phrase): to be essential

5.2. Films

5.2.1. Is music an important subject at school in Vietnam?

5.2.2. How often do you go to the cinema?

5.2.3. Do you like watching films?

5.2.4. Do you prefer foreign films or Vietnamese films?

5.2.5. How often do you go to the cinema or watch a movie?

5.2.6. Do Vietnamese people like to go to a cinema to watch of them?

5.2.7. What kind of movies do you like best?

5.2.8. What was the first film that you watched?

5.3. Internet

5.4. Advertisements

5.4.1. Are there many advertisements in your country?

5.4.1.1. Definitely, there are. They appear all over the place from the streets to social media with a high density. For example, there is a multitude of colourful flyers stuck on the street walls in Sydney.

5.4.1.1.1. All over the place (expression) everywhere

5.4.1.1.2. Density (n) the number of people or things in a given area or space.

5.4.1.1.3. A multitude of (expression) a very large number of people or things

5.4.1.1.4. Flyers (n) a small handbill advertising an event or product.

5.4.2. Why do you think there are so many advertisements now?

5.4.2.1. I guess it’s due to the benefits of the companies. First, advertisements are the easiest way to reach customers to attract their attention to a particular brand or product. From that attractive information, customers will be able to choose an appropriate one. Second, it also plays a crucial role in the marketing strategy that the company apply to attract customers.

5.4.2.1.1. To be able to do (v) having the power, skill, means, or opportunity to do something.

5.4.2.1.2. To play a (an) crucial/essential/key/main role in (v): of great importance

5.4.2.1.3. Campaign (n) an organized course of action to achieve a goal

5.4.3. What are the various places where we see advertisements?

5.4.3.1. Advertising is here, there, and everywhere. It gets to people through different types of communication such as flyers and banners on the streets or printed ones on newspaper, magazines or electronic ones on social media. It could be written, verbal or a short movie.

5.4.3.1.1. Here, there, and everywhere (expression) everywhere

5.4.4. How do you feel about advertisements?

5.4.4.1. Sometimes, I find it a little bit disappointing because the quality products are usually overrated. However, there are other beneficial advertisements in supermarkets which has informative contents for customers such as on which days there will be promotions or which new products will be launched.

5.4.4.1.1. Informative (adj.) to provide useful or interesting information

5.4.4.1.2. Promotions (n) activity that supports or encourages a cause, venture, or aim.

5.4.4.1.3. Launch (v) to introduce (a new product or publication) to the public for the first time.

5.4.4.1.4. Overrated (adj.) to have a higher opinion of (someone or something) than is deserved

6. Objects

6.1. Food/Cooking/Meals

6.1.1. Do you often do any cooking?

6.1.2. What cooking experience have you had?

6.1.3. What is the staple food in Vietnam?

6.1.4. Do you prefer eating at home or at restaurants?

6.1.5. Are you good at cooking?

6.1.6. Who taught you how to cook?

6.1.7. What is your favorite food?

6.1.8. What are the advantages of being able to cook?

6.1.9. Who usually does cooking in your home?

6.1.10. Are there any foods you dislike?

6.1.11. What are some traditional cells in your country?

6.1.12. Do you have a healthy diet?

6.1.13. What kinds of meals do you like?

6.1.14. Do you often have dinner with your family or friends?

6.1.15. What is your favorite cuisine?

6.2. Foreign Food

6.2.1. What is your favorite foreign food?

6.2.2. Have you ever tried some strange foreign food?

6.2.3. When did you eat the foreign food the first time?

6.2.4. Do you often eat the foreign food and What kind of foreign food do you often eat?

6.2.5. Is foreign food popular in Vietnam?

6.3. Photography

6.3.1. Do you like to take photographs?

6.3.1.1. Yes of course. They are a way to capture a moment in time. Moreover, I like to be able to show them to people so they can imagine that they were there with me. As I’m a big traveler, photos are my way of sharing my experiences without words.

6.3.2. How often do you take photos?

6.3.2.1. I would say everyday. I’m a big fan of selfies, so I often snap a few of them to send to my boyfriend every morning before work. Moreover, I take hundreds of photos when I travel.

6.3.3. Do you prefer to take pictures of people or of scenery?

6.3.3.1. Definitely people. I like to capture the raw (real; candid) emotions on their faces. I feel that photos of people can be quite powerful. Moreover, I feel that scenery photography never does the actual place any justice.

6.3.4. Do you prefer to takes photos yourself or to have other people to take your photos?

6.3.4.1. Definitely myself. As I’m quite picky about the photos that I take and post, I take this responsibility upon myself. Call me a snob (a person who feels superior to others), but I feel that most people don’t have any idea of what makes a good photo and end up taking unflattering photos of me.

6.3.5. I which situation do you like take photos?

6.3.5.1. Any situation! But especially when I see something out of the ordinary. For example, I like to take photos when the light is setting just right on my street, or when I catch a glimpse (a look) of two children holding hands.

6.3.6. How do you keep your photos?

6.3.6.1. On my iCloud! I’m really grateful for this type of technology that keeps this record of my photos for me. Moreover, I post my photos on social media, such as Facebook and Instagram, so that also keeps them secure.

6.3.7. Do you frame any of your photos?

6.3.7.1. Many times! Although not too often anymore, as social media is taking over. However, I’ve often framed photos to give to my boyfriend or family members as gifts for their special occasions.

6.4. Weather/ Climate

6.4.1. Do you like sunny days?

6.4.1.1. I definitely love sunny days, I can hang out with friends or do some sports. It is even better with the winds blowing. Sunny days are somehow helpful for laundry as well as cleaning both inside and outside the house.

6.4.2. What kind of weather does Vietnam have?

6.4.3. What’s your favorite kind of weather?

6.4.4. Does the weather ever affect what you do?

6.4.4.1. Absolutely. I mean, when the weather is unfavourable like when it’s too sunny, I tend to procrastinate my plan until late afternoon. 5 or 6 pm, because that’s when the temperature lowers a little bit. On the other hand, when it rains heavily for too long, I’m kinda reluctant to drive so I think I would just get a Grab to get around.

6.4.4.2. You know, I gotta say yes, especially when it rains. I mean, I cannot go out and run my errands if it’s pouring outside. The roads get slippery, so it’s quite dangerous to drive. Besides, you will be soaked if you do decide to go out.

6.4.5. Does rain ever affect transportation in your hometown?

6.4.5.1. Yeah, of course. Traffic is often held up when it rains. All the roads are clogged, and people find it difficult to escape from traffic congestion. I would stay at home and watch TV rather than going out and being caught up in traffic.

6.4.6. What do you like to do when it’s a sunny day?

6.4.6.1. I’d love to participate in some outdoor activities under the sun like meeting up with some friends or do some sports, especially swimming. Or I’ll grab the chance for a photography tour. Everything becomes so clear and stunning on sunny days, no matter whether it’s early in the morning or late in the afternoon, as long as the sun shines, I’m sure I’ll find inspiration almost everywhere.

6.4.7. Would you like to stay at home or go outside when the weather is great?

6.4.7.1. I think I would say it depends on my mood and my workload. I definitely cannot go out and enjoy myself if my work schedule is still a mess, even though it is a nice weather and unless I feel super energetic and motivated. I think most of the time I’d prefer staying inside, no matter how the sun shines or how cool the weather is.

6.4.8. Are there many sunny days in your hometown?

6.4.8.1. It is a modern big city so unless it’s our rainy season, otherwise the sun would shine most of the time, either during the day or the whole year. Sometimes the temperature rises so high that it feels like burning, that’s when people prefer staying indoors enjoying the cool air produced by air conditioners.

6.4.9. Does it rain much in your country? Where? When?

6.4.9.1. I would say yes. It rains a lot in the summer when tropical storms strike our country. There is torrential rain in the region in June, July and August, and the rainfall tends to be higher in the North than in the South.

6.4.10. Does it rain a lot in your hometown?

6.4.10.1. Well, it depends on the season. In winter and spring, there is a dearth of rain associated with the arid weather. In contrast, it is usually raining cats and dogs in summer and august, causing loads of troubles for people travelling on the road.

6.4.11. Would you move to another city because of the weather?

6.4.11.1. No, I enjoy the diversity in Hanoi’s culture and climate. Some of my friends moved to Ho Chi Minh City because there is no chilly winter in the south but I never wish to do so.

6.4.12. Would you prefer to live in a place that has the same weather all year round, or a place that has four seasons?

6.4.12.1. I would go for the second option because I can’t stand boredom. I love the diversity and variety in nature that four seasons offer. For me, life is worth living only when there is always something different to look forward to.

6.5. Rainy days

6.5.1. Do you like rainy days?

6.5.1.1. Yes, absolutely! I love all the freshness around, the cool breeze and petrichor after heavy rain. It’s wonderful!

6.5.1.1.1. - Petrichor: a pleasant smell that frequently accompanies the first rain after a long period of warm Ex: It’s so soothing to smell the petrichor

6.5.2. What do you do on rainy days?

6.5.2.1. Well, rainy days are the best days to watch movies I have been longing to watch or catch up on my unfinished reading. Movies and books will take up my whole day. Sometimes, I would rather spend the day with my pet and teach it new tricks.

6.5.3. Does it rain much in your country? (Where? When?)

6.5.3.1. As it is entirely located in the tropical belt, it receives quite a great amount of precipitation every year. However, the part that records the highest rainfall in the northern part. This region can also be affected by the typhoon season in the Western Pacific, which can see severe storms lashing the coast from August to November.

6.5.3.1.1. - Precipitation: rain, snow, sleet, or hail that falls to or condenses on the ground. Ex: This is due to a process called precipitation

6.5.4. Is there any part of your country where it doesn’t rain much? (Where?)

6.5.4.1. In general, I guess the driest place might possibly be X, which is situated on the south-central coast. The weather there is quite extreme with a lot of wind as well as a hot and dry atmosphere during the year. Also, there is no winter here, and the average temperature is considerably higher than in most other parts of the country.

6.5.5. Does it rain much in your hometown? Can you remember any time when it rained particularly heavily? (When?)

6.5.5.1. Yes, of course. I suppose it was about a year or so ago, when we had several days of torrential rain, almost non-stop, and so the whole of my neighborhood got flooded. You know, the water was, like, up to my knees, and so the traffic came to a complete standstill. So, yeah, that was probably the worst time I can remember.

6.5.6. Does rain ever affect transportation in your hometown? (How?)

6.5.6.1. Yeah, for sure. As a matter of fact, rain often causes severe traffic congestion, especially when there is a heavy downpour. People should expect to be stuck for hours in a traffic jam. I’m not exactly sure why, but it’s possibly because vehicles tend to move slower in the rain

6.5.6.1.1. - Congestion: The state of being congested. Ex: There is some congestion in the place.

6.5.6.1.2. - Downpour: a heavy fall of rain Ex: There was a downpour this morning

6.6. Rain

6.6.1. Do you like rain?

6.6.2. Does it rain much in Vietnam?

6.6.2.1. I would say yes. It rains a lot in the summer when tropical storms strike our country. There is torrential rain in the region in June, July and August, and the rainfall tends to be higher in the North than in the South.

6.6.3. Is there any part of Vietnam where it doesn’t rain much?

6.6.3.1. To tell you the truth, I have no clue about this. I do not give a hoot about geography and the amount of rain in my country. I think the most rainfall is in the North where there is an intricate system of rivers.

6.6.4. When (in what month/ season) does it rain most in your hometown?

6.6.5. In which season does it rain most in other parts of Vietnam?

6.6.6. Can you remember any time when it rained particularly heavily in your hometown?

6.6.7. Does it rain a lot in your hometown?

6.6.7.1. Well, it depends on the season. In winter and spring, there is a dearth of rain associated with the arid weather. In contrast, it is usually raining cats and dogs in summer and august, causing loads of troubles for people travelling on the road.

6.7. Music

6.7.1. Do you often like to listen to music?

6.7.2. What kinds of music do you like to listen to?

6.7.3. Have you ever been to a musical performance?

6.7.4. Have you ever learned to play a musical instrument?

6.7.5. Did you often listen to music when you were a child?

6.7.6. What kinds of music are most popular in Vietnam?

6.8. Watches

6.8.1. Why do people like to wear expensive watches?

6.8.2. Do you usually wear a watch?

6.8.3. What do you use your watch for?

6.8.4. Do you think time is very important?

6.8.5. Are you ever late for anything?

6.8.6. Do you think it’s important to be on time?

6.8.7. Do you feel that time moves fast or slowly?

6.9. Transportation

6.9.1. What form of transport do you prefer to use?

6.9.1.1. Without any doubt, I would say motorbikes. You can see people driving a motorbike all over the place in my country. Almost everyone travels by motorbike. The reason why a motorbike is so popular is due to their reasonable price and convenience. They also extremely varied in terms of size, color and quality, thus a wide variety of choices is available for everyone.

6.9.1.1.1. Without any doubt/There is no doubt that (expression) a phrase expressing certainty or agreement; yes

6.9.1.1.2. A wide variety of (collocation) a number or range of things of the same general class that is distinct in character or quality.

6.9.2. How often do you take buses?

6.9.2.1. Almost every day. Since my house is so far away from my university, it’s impossible for me to travel by motorbike. In addition, the air is heavily polluted by exhaust fumes and traffic jams always take place, especially during peak hours. Thus, I’d prefer to take the bus, to save time, save gasoline and causing less pollution.

6.9.2.1.1. Exhaust fumes (n) waste gasses or air expelled from an engine, turbine, or another machine in the course of its operation.

6.9.2.1.2. Traffic jam (n) a line or lines of stationary or very slow-moving traffic, caused by roadworks, an accident, or heavy congestion.

6.9.2.1.3. Peak hours/Rush hours (n) the busiest hours

6.9.3. Can you compare the advantages of planes and trains?

6.9.3.1. Planes and trains regularly depart and arrive on time. Plus, there are many convenient facilities catering particularly to certain groups of passengers. However, travelling by plane is clearly time-saving and enjoyable in terms of onboard services like meals or comfortable seats, while travelling by train offers you a chance to see the world outside, admire the views from their seats. It’s totally a great experience for most train-travellers.

6.9.3.1.1. On-board services (n) provided on or within a vehicle

6.9.3.1.2. Cater (v) provide with what is needed or required

6.9.4. How much time do you spend traveling on a normal day?

6.9.4.1. I have to commute from my home to my workplace on a daily basis. It normally takes me 30 minutes to travel back and forth.

6.9.5. Would you ride bikes/ bicycles to work in the future?

6.9.5.1. Definitely not. Riding a bike means you’re exposing yourself to the unpredictable weather and to air pollution. What is worse, I’m afraid are the main streets or the highway which is too dangerous for cyclists, as cars, motorbikes and buses will travel at a very high speed. Thus I’d rather ride a motorbike or take the bus instead.

6.9.5.1.1. Unpredictable weather (n) to not able to be predicted; changeable

6.9.6. What will become the most popular means of transport in your country?

6.9.6.1. I think buses will take the lead. You can travel the distance without much worries about ticket price or rainy weather outside. Also, new buses now offer better services like comfortable seats for the elderly or good air conditioning systems.

6.9.6.1.1. To take the lead (v) to start winning a race or competition

6.9.7. Do you prefer public transport or private transport?

6.9.7.1. I think I’d prefer public transport. It’s much more inexpensive and because it can contain a large number of people, it helps ease the intensity of traffic jams during peak hours and reduce the greenhouse gas emissions caused by vehicles. Private transportation is more costly in terms of fees, taxes and gasoline.

6.9.7.1.1. Intensity (n) of extreme force, degree, or strength

6.9.7.1.2. Greenhouse gas emissions (np) the emission into the earth’s atmosphere of any of various gases, esp carbon dioxide, that contributes to the greenhouse effect.

6.9.8. Do you think people will drive more in the future?

6.9.9. What is the most popular means of transportation in your hometown?

6.9.10. Does rain ever affect transportation in your hometown?

6.9.10.1. Yeah, of course. Traffic is often held up when it rains. All the roads are clogged, and people find it difficult to escape from traffic congestion. I would stay at home and watch TV rather than going out and being caught up in traffic.

6.10. Paintings

6.10.1. How often do you visit art gallaries?

6.10.2. What kind of paintings do people like?

6.10.3. Do you like paintings?

6.10.4. What are some famous paintings that you like?

6.10.5. What type of painting do you do?

6.10.6. Do you have a painting of yourself?

6.10.7. Do you like to watch a person painting?

6.10.8. Do you know Leonard da Vinci and his paintings?

6.10.9. Do you have paintings at home for decoration?

6.10.10. If you could be given the talent to paint, what would you paint?

6.10.11. How you the colors make you feel?

6.11. Colors

6.11.1. What are your favorite colors?

6.11.2. When you are buying something, is the color important to you?

6.11.3. Do you usually wear clothes in your favorite color?

6.11.4. Do you prefer light or dark colors?

6.11.5. Are there any colors that have a special meaning in your country?

6.11.6. Are there any colors you dislike?

6.12. Art

6.12.1. Do you like art?

6.12.1.1. I have a lifelong passion for art since I was a child. Beside the official art class in school, I also joined a drawing class in The Children’ House and my teachers were very pleased with my drawings. I also participated in some drawing competitions back then. Until now I still draw in my free time, although not as often as I used to do.

6.12.1.1.1. have a passion for (v) to be enthusiastic about Sth

6.12.1.1.2. participate in (v) to join in

6.12.2. Do you think art classes are necessary?

6.12.2.1. Yes, definitely. Learning arts, especially at a young age, can help stimulate children’s cognitive development and encourage them to think outside the box. Because they’re still little, their ideas are very fresh and lovely, which is worth appreciating.

6.12.2.1.1. Think outside the box (idiom) think creatively

6.12.2.1.2. Cognitive development (noun) the construction of thought processes, including remembering, problem-solving, and decision-making, etc..

6.12.3. How do you think art classes affect children’s development?

6.12.3.1. Yes, definitely. Learning arts, especially at a young age, can help stimulate children’s cognitive development and encourage them to think outside the box. Because they’re still little, their ideas are very fresh and lovely, which is worth appreciating.

6.12.3.1.1. Cognitive development (noun) the construction of thought processes, including remembering, problem-solving, and decision-making, etc..

6.12.3.1.2. Think outside the box (idiom) think creatively

6.12.4. What kind of paintings do people like?

6.12.4.1. In my opinion, people love hanging landscape paintings at home. Bringing in the beauty of Mother Nature somehow ease people’s mind after a long day at work. Another style of drawing that most people also like is portrait. It could be portraits of someone important to them or even their lovely pets.

6.12.4.1.1. Landscape (n) scenery, a large area of land

6.12.4.1.2. Portrait: A painting, drawing, photograph, or engraving of a person, especially one depicting only the face or head and shoulders

6.12.5. What benefits can you get from painting as a hobby?

6.12.5.1. I think the mediation efficiency worth mentioning first. Colours in some ways reflect our thoughts and emotions very well and somehow stimulate our body to defend against our negativity inside. For me, in particular, I think what’s so interesting about painting is that you have no idea how harmonized colours can become until you actually try.

6.12.5.1.1. Mediation (n) psychological treatment to stay calm

6.12.5.1.2. To be harmonized (n) to be well combined

6.12.6. How often do you visit art galleries?

6.12.6.1. To tell you the truth, I have never visited art galleries before. Unless I have a guide to acknowledge me, art galleries would be quite boring for me.

6.12.7. What kinds of things do you like to draw?

6.12.7.1. My main inspiration is Japanese manga. The drawing topic is extremely varied, however only manga seems to show great potency for my level. I have a big collection at home and as I sometimes go through it again, I can see how much I’ve improved.

6.12.7.1.1. To go through Sth (v) to check Sth again

6.12.8. Is it easy to learn how to draw?

6.12.8.1. I think I must say it’s even challenging for a lot of people. I absolutely failed when it comes to drawing still life paintings like fruit and flowers. I think for those who succeed in drawing or arts in general, they first must have God-gifted talent, then comes to the long-term commitment to arts that requires extreme practice and high patience.

6.12.8.1.1. Still life (n) a painting or drawing of an arrangement of objects

6.12.9. Are you good at art?

6.12.9.1. Art is a really vast subject, I believe and if it is about drawing things here and there, I would say I am pretty fine at it. But, I am surely not one of those who can make some masterpieces. I think I am good at it, all thanks to the art classes that I attended during my teen years. They were a great help during my growing years and taught me lot of creativity. Now, I can easily draw simple day to day things like pen or a face.

6.12.9.1.1. Masterpiece(noun) A work of outstanding artistic skill

6.13. Shoes

6.13.1. Do you like shopping for shoes?

6.13.2. Do you prefer comfortable shoes or good-looking shoes?

6.13.3. What do you think about shoes?

6.13.4. How often do you buy shoes?

6.13.5. Have you ever bought shoes online?

6.14. Letters/Emails

6.14.1. Do you write many letters or emails?

6.14.2. Do you prefer to write letters by hand or to use a computer?

6.14.3. How do you feel when you receive a letter or email?

6.14.4. Which do you prefer to make a phone call or write an email?

6.14.5. Do you think people will still write letters in the future?

6.14.6. Do you prefer to write letters or emails? Why?

6.15. Maps

6.15.1. Do you ever use a map?

6.15.2. When do you use a map?

6.15.3. Who taught you how to use a map?

6.15.4. Do you prefer to use electronic maps or those made of paper?

6.15.5. When you go abroad do you use maps?

6.16. Flowers

6.16.1. Do you like flowers?

6.16.1.1. Yes, I do like flowers. As an introvert, sometimes, I find myself feeling peaceful and relaxed while enjoying nice flowers in my garden. I have a habit of taking pictures of flowers after the rain. I feel most at peace spending chunks of a good time on my own, in relative silence, contemplating the beauty of flowers with raindrops through my camera lens.

6.16.1.1.1. - introvert (n) a shy, reticent person.

6.16.1.1.2. - chunk of (n) a significant amount of something

6.16.1.1.3. - good-time (n) (of a person) having the pursuit of pleasure as one’s chief aim

6.16.1.1.4. - contemplate (v) to look thoughtfully for a long time at

6.16.2. Which/ What is your favorite flower?

6.16.2.1. White roses are truly my favourite flower. They are traditionally associated with marriages and new beginnings. However, their beauty has also made them a gesture of remembrance. Therefore, a bouquet of white rose is a perfect way to say “I’m thinking of you”.

6.16.2.1.1. - gesture (n) a movement of part of the body, especially a hand or the head, to express an idea or meaning

6.16.2.1.2. - bouquet of (flowers) (phrase) an attractively arranged bunch of flowers, especially one presented as a gift or carried at a ceremony

6.16.3. Do you think flowers are important?

6.16.3.1. For an introvert like me, enjoying the harmonization of various types of flowers with different gorgeous colours in the garden or in florist shops could brighten up my days and lift my spirits.

6.16.3.1.1. Harmonization (n) a good combination

6.16.3.1.2. Gorgeous (adj) beautiful, very attractive

6.16.3.1.3. Brighten up (phrasal verb) make something more pleasant and happy

6.16.3.1.4. Lift our spirits (expression) make us feel happier

6.16.4. Are flowers important in your culture?

6.16.4.1. Definitely. With beautiful meanings, some flowers are chosen to show people’s key virtues. Lotus flowers, for example, have been regarded as the national flower. The lotus plants grow from the marsh but their leaves and flowers grow toward the direction of the sunlight, which symbolizes the purity and faithfulness of people’s spirits.

6.16.4.1.1. Virtue (n) good qualities or characteristics

6.16.4.1.2. To regard as (v) to consider or think of in a specified way

6.16.4.1.3. To symbolize (v) to be a symbol of

6.16.5. Do people in your country ever use flowers for special occasions?

6.16.5.1. Flowers are widely used in many occasions and festivals in our country to represent for a blessing, happiness and good luck. Most families have at least one kind of plants or flowers at home.

6.16.6. What are the occasions when people give or receive flowers?

6.16.6.1. A bunch of flowers is considered as a gift for a wide range of occasions for both people to send and receive flowers. For example, at a birthday party, Women’s Day, or Valentine’s day, colourful flowers are arranged nicely in a small vase and given to each other.

6.16.6.1.1. A bunch of flowers (phrase) a number of things, typically of the same kind, growing or fastened together.

6.16.7. In your country, do people ever give flowers as a gift?

6.16.7.1. Yes, they do. As mention above, flowers play an essential role on different occasions as a special gift for people to show love to one another. People, especially girls, are happy and pleased when they receive their favourite flowers from beloved ones on their birthday.

6.16.8. When was the last time you gave flowers to someone?

6.16.8.1. It was a couple of weeks ago when I bought a bouquet of flowers as a present for my mom. She was deliriously happy when receiving it and put in in the sitting room so that everyone in my family can admire its beauty too.

6.16.9. Have you ever given flowers as a present to someone?

6.16.10. When was the last time you receive flowers?

6.17. Noise

6.17.1. Do you mind noises?

6.17.1.1. It’s really hard for me to say no. I mean, I really can’t bear noisy people, noisy places or even noisy things. For me, noise is the number-one distractor when it comes to studying or working. You know, they actually just go ahead and interrupt my flow of thoughts.

6.17.2. What types of noise do you come across in your daily life?

6.17.2.1. Well, I have to say that I face up to a rich variety of noises on a daily basis. The first type of noise is from traffic, especially during the rush hours. The second is noise from factories, construction sites which never fail to distract me from working, thereby reducing my productivity.

6.17.2.1.1. - Face up to (phrasal verb) to confront an unpleasant situation

6.17.2.1.2. - Productivity (n) The quality of being productive

6.17.3. Are there any sounds that you like?

6.17.3.1. I think there is one sound that can always lull me to sleep, the rain sound. There are nights I was so stressed out that I can hardly sleep no matter how much I tried, and then I went online searching for some sound for deep sleep or relaxation, and rain sound is always one of the top choices. And since then rain sound has become my go-to on sleepless nights.

6.17.3.1.1. - To lull SO to sleep (v) to calm or send to sleep, typically with soothing sounds or movements

6.17.3.1.2. - To be stressed out (adj) a state of mental or emotional strain or tension resulting from adverse or demanding circumstances.

6.17.3.1.3. - Top recommendations (n) to be highly recommended

6.17.3.1.4. - Go-to (adj) ideal, first choice

6.17.4. Where can you hear loud noise?

6.17.4.1. From a number of sources. It can come from the crazy drivers down there on the streets. It can come from a building being built. It can come from a music festivals or a DJ party where the crowd totally go wild. It can even come from a crying baby or a fight nextdoor.

6.17.5. Do you think there’s too much noise in modern society?

6.17.5.1. Indeed. I do think the level of noise is increasing overtime mainly due to human activities. The situation gets even worse if you live in a big modern city at a young age. Your auditory must be trained so hard to tolerate such noise everyday. It is really alarming now to raise people’s awareness towards this “invisible” killer.

6.17.5.1.1. - Auditory (n) relating to the sense of hearing

6.17.5.1.2. - Tolerate (v) to accept or endure (someone or something unpleasant or disliked) with forbearance

6.17.6. Are cities becoming noisier?

6.17.6.1. Most cities in our country are suffering serious noise pollution due to rapidly increasing population and a massive amount of daily transportation. The consistently intense presence of noise does serious harm to the public health.

6.18. Bags

6.18.1. Do you like bags?

6.18.1.1. Bag is not really must-have item to me. I just use a backpack due to its convenience. Probably I’ll spend some time getting to know more about bags later on.

6.18.1.1.1. Get to know (phrase) to start to be familiar with someone or something

6.18.1.1.2. Later on (phrase) in the future, or after the time already mentioned

6.18.2. What kinds of bags do you like?

6.18.2.1. ’m not a big fan of this item so the only bag I use from time to time is the backpack. I love backpack because I tend to put a lot of heavy stuff inside such as my laptop, my water bottles, etc. whenever I get outdoors. It’s the long-term convenience that makes high-quality backpacks worth my money.

6.18.3. Do you usually carry a bag (when you go out)?

6.18.3.1. As aforementioned I carry my backpack all the time, when I go to school or hang out with friends. Although it may not give me a fashionable look, I think comfort and convenience is the top priority to me.

6.18.3.1.1. To give a fashionable look (v) to look fashionable with Sth

6.18.4. Do you have different bags for different occasions (or different purposes)?

6.18.4.1. Well I must say that at present I have no idea about different types of bags or that sort of things. And it also costs me an arm and a leg if I ever want to become a bag collector with, say, twenty different bags for different occasions. However, I do have one fashionable small satchel for special occasions. I’m also kind of afraid that wearing heavy bags all the time will somehow affect my spine and my shoulders.

6.18.4.1.1. All the time (idiom) repeatedly; habitually

6.18.4.1.2. Spine (n) a series of vertebrae extending from the skull to the small of the back, enclosing the spinal cord and providing support for the thorax and abdomen; the backbone

6.18.5. What do you put in these bags?

6.18.5.1. Well, when I go out or go to work, I usually put my laptop, cellphone, charger, basic beauty products like lipsticks, lotions , water bottle and probably a pair of earphones. When I use the smaller backpack, I tend to leave everything at home but my makeup kit and water bottles.

6.18.6. What sorts of bags do women like to buy?

6.18.6.1. I think every women regardless of age, occupation, tastes, needs, etc has at least one backpack with them. As I’ve already explained about its convenience, backpack is ideal for everyday life. However, the top favorite bag would be the well-designed handbag.

6.19. Hats

6.19.1. Do you like to wear hats?

6.19.1.1. Although hats help shield your hair and face from direct sunlight, to be honest I don’t really like wearing hats daily. My hair is always a mess after I take them off. Instead of wearing hats, I think I prefer bringing an umbrella with me.

6.19.2. What kinds of hats do you have?

6.19.2.1. As I’ve mentioned, wearing hats is definitely not my daily style, so generally I don’t have any hats at home. There is the only type of hat I’m particularly fond of, which is baseball caps. This kind of hat can give me a sporty and strong look, you know.

6.19.3. Where do you like to buy hats?

6.19.4. Is wearing hats popular in your country?

6.19.4.1. It’s not much sought after in my country where the motorbike is the most common means of transportation, and it is a must to wear a helmet whenever you ride a motorbike for safety. I think you can imagine how much uncomfortable it is to wear a hat under the helmet. Thus in most of the case, hats are for pedestrians and fashionista.

6.19.4.1.1. Sought after (adj) in demand; generally desired

6.19.4.1.2. Pedestrian (n) a person walking rather than travelling in a vehicle

6.19.4.1.3. Fashionista (n) a person who dresses in fashion

6.20. Save Money

6.20.1. Did you save money when you were young?

6.20.2. Have you given money to other people?

6.20.3. Do you think parents should teach children to save money?

6.20.4. Why do some people like to save money?

6.20.5. What is the best way of saving money?

6.20.6. What are the consequences of not saving money?

6.21. Sports

6.21.1. Do you like to watch sports on TV?

6.21.1.1. Not at all! I despise (hate) it. I get extremely bored and disinterested. I usually try to avoid watching sports on TV at all costs unless it’s an exciting event, like the World Cup or Super Bowl. In that case, I go for the social event rather than the game itself.

6.21.2. Do you play any sports?

6.21.2.1. Not anymore. I was an avid (enthusiastic) swimmer as a child, but I gave that up after high school, as it was quite time-consuming. Nowadays, I enjoy going to the gym, running around the lake by my house, and going on mountain treks. I’m not sure if these are considered sports, but I’m really into physical activity.

6.21.3. What is the most popular sport in your country?

6.21.3.1. Soccer of course! As soccer is the sport of the world, that would be number one. People go wild when our team wins a game- they even drive around waving flags, blocking off the streets! Apart from this, many people enjoy playing tennis and doing martial arts.

6.21.4. Who is your favorite sports star?

6.21.4.1. As I’m not a big sports fan, I don’t really have one. However, I think I may like Cristiano Ronaldo. Although I don’t know anything about him or his athletic abilities, I think I’ve always been drawn to him (attracted to) because of his looks.

6.21.5. What kinds of sports would you like to try in the future?

6.21.5.1. I’m really intrigued by soccer. I think it’s something that can really connect people, as well as is good cardiovascular and coordination activity. Actually, I wish I had gotten into it as a child. I think it would be interesting to join a league in my city.

6.21.6. How do people in your country stay fit?

6.21.7. Is it important for children to play sports?

6.22. Gifts

6.22.1. Do you like to receive gifts? (Why/ Why not?)

6.22.2. What kind of gifts do you like to receive?

6.22.3. What gifts did you receive in your childhood?

6.22.4. Do you like giving gifts to people?

6.22.5. What gifts did you give to others in your childhood?

6.23. Handwriting

6.23.1. Do you often write things? / Do you write every day?

6.23.2. Do you usually write by hand or write using a computer?

6.23.3. Do you like writing to people?

6.23.4. Nowadays, how do most people write things?

6.23.5. When do children begin to write in your country?

6.24. Chocolate

6.24.1. Do you like sweets or chocolate?

6.24.1.1. Well, chocolate is my all-time favorite. After working my butt off all day long, I usually decompress with a chocolate bar.

6.24.1.1.1. All-time favorite (noun) favorite of all choices, during all times

6.24.1.1.2. working my butt off (idiom) work really hard

6.24.1.1.3. Decompress (verb) sit down and chill

6.24.2. What’s your favorite flavor?

6.24.2.1. To be honest, I’m addicted to chocolate, I do have my all-time favorite flavor, which is the white chocolate. Since I have a sweet tooth, dark chocolate would be too bitter for me. Meanwhile, milk chocolate just isn’t sweet enough. So white chocolate is just a perfect fit.

6.24.2.1.1. To have a sweet tooth (n) to like sweet foods

6.24.3. How often do you eat chocolate?

6.24.3.1. Well, although it’s quite pricey, I usually buy myself a box of hand-made dark Belgian chocolates when I receive my wages.

6.24.4. When was the first time you ate chocolate?

6.24.4.1. To the best of my recollection, it was 20 years ago when I ate chocolate for the first time. The 7-year-old me was over the moon/on cloud nine/deliriously happy when eating something that moreish. Now that my taste changed though, still I enjoy having some dark chocolate after working hard all day long.

6.24.4.1.1. All day long (phrase) throughout the day

6.24.4.1.2. Moreish (adj) delicious

6.24.5. Is chocolate popular in your country?

6.24.5.1. There are a variety of chocolate brands with different price range and quality available in the market nowadays. Thanks to the health benefits that it offers for human, consuming chocolate at a suitable level is encouraged. The sweetness of chocolate also makes it a common present that men choose to give their beloved women in special days, especially Valentine’s Day or International Women’s Day.

6.24.6. Is chocolate good for our health?

6.24.6.1. Scientifically, chocolate provides human a number of health benefits. Firstly, eating chocolate helps improve our mood and lift our spirits, even when we’re under pressure. Secondly, consuming chocolate at a reasonable amount is good for cardiovascular system. Interestingly, chocolate has been proved to contain antioxidants, which benefits women as well. However, if people have an over-consumption, it can pose a dire threat to their bone density.

6.24.6.1.1. To benefit (v) to provide advantages to SO Antioxidant (n) a substance such as vitamin C or E that removes potentially damaging oxidizing agents in a living organism.

6.24.6.1.2. Cardiovascular system (n) The system that circulates blood and lymph through the body, consisting of the heart, blood vessels, blood, lymph, and the lymphatic vessels and glands

6.24.7. Do you think people use chocolate differently now than in the past?

6.24.7.1. Well, I have never ever thought about it. However, I suppose that people living in this modern life prefer eating chocolate than their ancestors. In my country, the number of chocolate consumption is on the rise, especially in young consumers.

6.24.8. Have you ever given chocolate as a present to someone? Why?

6.24.8.1. Yes. The sweetness of chocolate also makes it a common present that people choose to give their beloved ones in special days, especially Valentine’s Day or International Women’s Day.

6.25. Clothing

6.25.1. What clothes do people usually wear at weddings in your country?

6.25.2. What types of clothes do you like wearing?

6.26. Festival

6.27. Number

6.28. Bird

6.28.1. Do you like birds?

6.28.1.1. I take a very keen interest in nature, so I love to learn about different species of plants, animal kingdom, and yes, birds. They are truly fascinating creatures, and they come in all shapes and sizes. Bird watching is one of my favorite things to do.

6.28.1.1.1. - Develop a keen interest In (expression) to be very interested in something

6.28.1.1.2. - Animal kingdom (phrase) the world of animals

6.28.2. Have you seen many kinds of birds?

6.28.2.1. Well, living in the city, birds are a rare sight. Most of the stuff about birds that I’ve seen is on documentaries of the great outdoors. I mean, I’ve seen some common breeds in real life like pigeons and such, but nothing too exotic.

6.28.2.1.1. - a rare sight

6.28.2.1.2. - Great outdoors (phrase) the woods, the wilderness, the wild

6.28.2.1.3. - Exotic (adj) originating in or characteristic of a distant foreign country

6.28.3. How do people in your country feel about birds?

6.28.3.1. Overall, they are not very into birds. Only elderly people are fond of keeping birds. Most of people only like to eat them especially game birds like pheasants. People in remote areas often hunt for birds in the wild and roast them over an open fire. They are considered a delicacy where I come from.

6.28.3.1.1. - Game birds (noun) a bird that may be legally hunted according to the laws

6.28.3.1.2. - Delicacy (noun) a choice or expensive food

6.28.4. Have you seen many different kinds of birds?

6.28.4.1. I have only seen a few, I am not much of a bird watcher The ones I have seen are pretty common, like pigeons and sparrows. I haven’t sighted any exotic breeds.

6.29. Bicycle

6.30. Collection

6.31. Computer

6.31.1. When did you start using computer?

6.32. Pet/ Animals

6.32.1. What’s your favorite animal?

6.32.1.1. Hmm…..I would have to say whales. I’ve been fascinated by them ever since I was a child. There’s just something so majestic about them; maybe it has to do with (is related to) their size. Plus they’re highly intelligent and family-oriented creatures. It’s believed that they even have their own languages!

6.32.2. Do you like to see animals in the zoo?

6.32.2.1. Not really. Sure, it’s interesting to see them, but I also feel sad seeing them in cages. In my opinion, wild animals should not be in captivity (caged) unless they have some sort of injury. Actually, I think it’s a shame that humans feel the need to see nature so badly that they cage them and charge people to enter.

6.32.3. Do you keep a pet?

6.32.3.1. Not currently. I would like to, but I’m actually not allowed to because of my apartment regulations. Additionally, I live in a small studio apartment so it wouldn’t be the best environment for a pet, unless it were a cat or small animal. Moreover, I work full-time so I wouldn’t have a lot of time to tend to the pet.

6.32.4. Did you have a pet when you were young?

6.32.4.1. Yes, I did. My parents were both animal lovers (people who love animals), so we always had a house full of pets. My first pet was a lizard named Charlie, then I had my very own black kitten named Pal. Although I played too hard with my pets and made them annoyed, I still got a lot of joy from them. Additionally, I also learned a sense of responsibility from a young age.

6.32.5. What pet will you have later?

6.32.5.1. Hmm. I think I want a dog and a cat. When I think about it more, I cannot imagine having a family without a dog for my children one day. I can envision them playing with a Golden Retriever or a Labrador retriever, as they have a friendly demeanor (way of being). On the other hand, I’m more of a cat person (a person who prefers cats to dogs), so I would like to have one as well.

6.32.6. If you raise children in the future, will you allow them to keep a pet?

6.32.6.1. Yes, for sure. I would like to make their dreams come true of having a pet, as many children want. Moreover, I feel a pet is a great addition to a family. Lastly, I think allowing them to have a pet is a good opportunity for them to begin to have a sense of responsibility when it comes to walking their pet, changing the litter box (the box where cats go to the bathroom), feeding them, cleaning the cage, etc.

6.33. Drinking Water

6.33.1. How often do you drink water?

6.33.1.1. Well, everyday of course! Staying hydrated (provide water for someone to keep them healthy) is a priority for me since I easily get a headache if I don’t, not to mention my weight loss goals. Drinking enough water is of paramount importance for health.

6.33.2. What kind of water do you like to drink?

6.33.2.1. All different kinds; I’m not too picky (selective)! I either drink tap water that I put in a Brita filter, or bottled water from time to time (sometimes). I usually put water in my refillable water bottle and carry it around me with me all day.

6.33.3. Do you drink bottled water or water from water machines?

6.33.3.1. Bottled water. Since the water in my country is potable (drinkable), I usually opt for that with a filter to improve the flavor. If this isn’t available to me, I buy a bottle of water, although I prefer not to because of my environmental concerns.

6.33.4. Do you like to play in water?

6.33.4.1. Oh my God, I love to! It’s just so much fun. I often say that one of the best feelings in life is to just jump in a cold pool on a super-hot day. It’s one of my favourite ways to unwind on a summer afternoon.