Social Psychology

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Social Psychology by Mind Map: Social Psychology

1. The Goal:

1.1. identify psychological properties that effect all categories of people

2. The Questions:

2.1. How?

2.1.1. Ontogeny

2.1.1.1. Developmental Explanations for changes across a person's life

2.1.1.2. cares about the role of learning

2.1.2. Mechanism

2.1.2.1. Causal explanations of behavior and how its constructed

2.1.2.2. EX: Morphology, External Factors

2.2. Why?

2.2.1. Phylogeny

2.2.1.1. Evolutionary explanation of behaviors/characterisitcs

2.2.2. Function

2.2.2.1. Functional explanations regarding the purpose of behavior

3. The Thinking:

3.1. Automatic Thinking:

3.1.1. Routine well-practiced reasoning

3.2. Schemas:

3.2.1. Holistic Thinking

3.2.1.1. Paying attention to relations among objects and their contexts

3.2.2. Analytic Thinking

3.2.2.1. Focus primarily on objects and their attributes

3.2.3. Controlled Thinking

3.2.3.1. Less practiced reasoning

3.2.4. Low Effort Thinking

3.2.4.1. Involuntary and effortless

3.3. Priming:

3.3.1. Recent experiences increase the accessibility of a schema

3.4. Self Fulfilling Prophecies:

3.4.1. Believing something, making you unconsciously act in a way to make it more true

4. The Situation/Behavior:

4.1. Behavior = f (person, situation)

4.1.1. Naïve Realism:

4.1.1.1. Underestimating how much we interpret the things we see

4.1.1.2. Effecient

4.1.2. Construal:

4.1.2.1. Perception, comprehension, and interpretation the social world

4.1.3. Fundamental Attribution Error:

4.1.3.1. Tendency to explain our own and other people’s behavior entirely in terms of personality traits

5. The Research:

5.1. The Observational Method

5.1.1. To describe

5.2. The Correlation Method

5.2.1. To predict

5.3. The Experimental Method

5.3.1. To explain the cause

5.4. Internal Validity

5.4.1. All conditions are treated identically, except for the independent variable

5.5. External Validity

5.5.1. Generalizing results to other situations and people

6. What Is Social Psychology?

6.1. Mix between Personality Psychology and Sociology

6.1.1. Personality Psychology: Study of Individual differences

6.1.2. Sociology: Analysis of society's bahaviors

7. The Communication:

7.1. Non-Verbal:

7.1.1. Facial Expressions

7.1.1.1. Decode

7.1.1.1.1. Interpreting Emotions

7.1.1.2. Encode

7.1.1.2.1. Expressing Emotions

7.1.2. Cues

7.1.2.1. Passive environmental actions

7.1.3. Signals

7.1.3.1. Evolved way to convey information