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1. Sprints

1.1. Shortest races are events up to and including the 400 meters:

1.1.1. 100 meters 200 meters

1.1.2. 60 meters (indoor only) 400 meters

2. Relay Races

2.1. four athletes participate as a team. In these races, runners carry a baton and pass it to the next runner as they finish their part of the race.

2.1.1. 4x400 meters relay

2.1.2. 4x100 meters relay

3. Relay Rules

3.1. A team may be disqualified from a relay for:

3.1.1. False starting

3.1.2. Incorrect baton passing

3.2. For 4x400m illegal switching

3.2.1. passing baton outside the takeover zone

3.3. During the race an athlete takes or picks up the baton of another team

3.3.1. Deliberately impending, improperly crossing the lane, or in any other way interfering with another competitor

4. Methods of Baton Passing

4.1. Unsweep Technique

4.2. Push-pass Technique

4.3. Down Sweep Technique

5. Race Walking

5.1. May be contested on either or open roads:

5.1.1. 10 km 20 km 50 km (men)

6. Long Distance Events

6.1. Are events over 3000 meters.

6.1.1. 5000 meters

6.1.2. 10 000 meters

7. Middle Distance Events

7.1. Are events longer than sprints and up tp 3000 meters:

7.1.1. 800 meters

7.1.2. 1500 meters

7.1.3. One mile 3000 meters 3000 meters steeple chase (Runners have to jump over barrier and water jumps)

8. Road Races

8.1. Are events concluded on open roads, sometimes finishing on a track:

8.1.1. 10 km

8.1.2. 20 km

8.1.3. Half marathon (21. 0975 km) Marathon ( 42. 195 km) It is the longest race for runners. Most of this 42. 195 km race is run on public roads, with only the last part being run on an athletics track.


9.1. A track is formed by two straight lines and two curved lines. It is oval shaped.

9.2. Track surface can be of soil, grass or synthetic.

9.3. In all races up to and including 400m, each athlete has a separate lane, with a width of 1.22m to 1.25m to be marked by 5cm in width.

10. Crouch Start

10.1. Essential for sprint cases

10.1.1. Starting block is used in this start, so the athlete can better use their reaction, speed, and explosive power.

11. Command

11.1. On your marks- the athlete will move towards the starting time and will take position at the starter block.

11.1.1. Set- Athlete keeps the back a little above the shoulder. The weight of the body is equally distributed over the front foot and hands. Gun Shot- the athlete has to leave the block as quickly as possible.


12.1. There should be a number on the chest and back of every athlete. No athlete can participate without the number.

12.2. The athlete should run with shoes

12.3. If can athlete runs before the gun is fired, it is considered as a foul and is expelled from the expel that athlete.

12.4. In the races up to 400m, all the athletes have to finish them in the same lane alloted to them

12.5. 800m race starts in lanes but lanes are change to first lane after the first curve

13. Dianna Mae Mataya

13.1. BA ELS 2A

13.1.1. PE- 3