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Osteoporosis by Mind Map: Osteoporosis

1. What happens?

1.1. Progressive loss of bone substance

1.2. Impairments of bone microarchitecture

1.3. Increased risk of so-called “fragility fractures”

2. Happens when?

2.1. Broken down bones

2.2. Replacement process is too slow

3. Risk Population

3.1. Both men and women

3.1.1. About 2mil population in the World

3.2. onethird of all postmenopausal women

3.3. About 2mil people are affected

4. Risk Factors

4.1. Modifiable Factors

4.1.1. Lack of Vitamin D

4.1.2. Unbalanced diet

4.1.3. low body mass index

4.1.4. Excessive smocking

4.1.5. alcohol abuse

4.1.6. Obesity

4.1.7. Falling

4.2. Fixed Factors

4.2.1. Age

4.2.2. Ethical reasons

4.2.3. Gender

4.2.4. Genetics

5. Patient Education

5.1. Physical activity

5.2. Healthy diet

5.3. Avoid smocking and alcohol abuse

5.4. Vitamin D & Calcium Intake

6. Medications and Treatments

6.1. Bisposphonates are usually prescribed

6.2. Treatment based on risk

6.3. Increased risk (Alendronate, Risendronate)

6.4. Hormone related therapy

6.5. Bone building medications

7. Types

7.1. Primary-common,type1,postmenopausal

7.2. Secondary-clear definable etiologic mechanism

8. References

8.1. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/osteoporosis/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351974

8.2. https://www.uptodate.com/contents/osteoporosis-prevention-and-treatment-beyond-the-basics