The Five Characteristics of Religion

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The Five Characteristics of Religion by Mind Map: The Five Characteristics of Religion

1. Belief in a deny or in a power beyond the individual ( Yamunaa 1002161749 & Wu Weng Hong 1002058294)

1.1. Deities that control parts of nature, e.g. Greek God of agriculture, Demeter; Greek God of the sun, Apollo

1.2. Deities affect human decisions and nature,e.g. Christian believe their body as image of god

1.3. Monotheistic- Belief in one God, e.g. Christianity, belief in God

1.4. Polytheistic- Belief in many gods e.g. Ancient Greece, belief in Zeus, Poseidon, Hades

1.5. Henotheistic- Belief in one God, does not dismiss other gods e.g Lord Shiva as Destroyer

1.6. Deities in the form of humans, e.g. Egypt pharaohs

2. Use of Sacred Stories (Fathia Abdourahman 1001749101)

2.1. Contain key doctrines and expresses them through sacred writings

2.2. Examples

2.2.1. Hebrew Bible

2.2.2. Quran

2.2.3. Torah

2.2.4. The Tripitaka

2.3. Can be modernised with technology e.g. Muslim prayer app

3. Doctrine of salvation ( Zi Jing 1002161259 & QU Yijia 1002060562)

3.1. Many religions in Asia believe- danger is spiritual, centered in each person's soul, and pertains mainly to life after death. If a person is saved, the soul enters a state of eternal happiness (heaven). If the person is not saved, the soul may spend eternity in a state of punishment (hell) Obstacles- sin and its effects; worldly desires and attachments

3.2. Christianity Obstacles- sin and its effects Salvation- individuals are saved by the grace of God

3.3. Buddhism and Hinduism: Process of reincarnation continues until the person achieves a state of spiritual perfection, which is salvation (Buddhism- nirvana, Hinduism- moksha)

4. Rituals and Ceremonies (Lavanyaa Nair Surendran 1002161762 & Tao Chengcheng 1002161834)

4.1. HINDU

4.1.1. Hindus consider the waters of the Ganges River in India to be sacred. Every year, millions of Hindus purify their bodies by bathing in the river, especially in the holy city of Varanasi. To give our own example, Hindus goes to temple and drinks holy water to protect them from bad karma or bad energy.

4.2. JUDAISM

4.2.1. Traditional Jews (must believe in Judaism to be Jews - no Jewish Christians and Jewish Muslims) pray 3 times in the morning, afternoon, and evening. In different rooms, such as children together, teenagers together, and the same family together, but the modern and more enlightened synagogue is also reformed to only pray once or twice a week. Example: I have seen my friends pray at the same time in different rooms and different people every morning, afternoon, and evening.

4.3. CHRISTIANITY

4.3.1. believes in Jesus Christ as the Son and Savior (Messiah) of God. Christianity believes that God created the world, created mankind in his own image, and granted rights to mankind Example: (Catholic Church, Anglican Church, Orthodox Church) regard Sunday as a very important festival. Generally, Sunday Mass will be held in the church on this day, and the faithful will participate in the sacrifice of Christ (mass or sacred rites).

4.4. ISLAM

4.4.1. Pilgrimages are significant rituals and journeys to sacred locations or places reputed to have magical healing abilities. Pilgrimages to spiritual sites, such as the birthplace or burial of their faith's founder, are also popular among believers. All sincere Muslims want to undertake a trip to Mecca, Muhammad's birthplace. For example, when I was in high school most of my Muslim classmates went to mecca as it was their core beliefs and practices of Islam (The Five Pillars).

4.4.1.1. Pilgrimages are significant rituals and journeys to sacred locations or places reputed to have magical healing abilities. Pilgrimages to spiritual sites, such as the birthplace or burial of their faith's founder, are also popular among believers. All sincere Muslims want to undertake a trip to Mecca, Muhammad's birthplace. For example, when I was in high school most of my Muslim classmates went to mecca as it was their core beliefs and practices of Islam (The Five Pillars).

5. Code of conduct (Kakeru Okubo 1001955255)

5.1. Islam is much more than a religion. For the hundred of millions of Muslims worldwide. Examples are forgiving spirit, respect for family, piety, and responsibility.

5.2. Hinduism is noninjury ahimsa, truthfulness, non stealing, divine, patience, steadfastness, and compassion.