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1: what is pharmacology by Mind Map: 1: what is pharmacology
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1: what is pharmacology

Pharmacology disciplines

Neuropharmacology

alzheimer's

Cardiovascular pharmacology

hypertension

Molecular pharmacology

study of the biochemical and biophysical characteristics of interactions between drug molecules and those of the cell example: drug-receptor interaction

Biochemical pharmacology

study of how drugs act with and influence the chemical machinery of the organism example: signal transduction through G proteins

Behavioural pharmacology

attention deficit disorders

Endocrine pharmacology

Diabetes mellitus

Clinical pharmacology

application of pharmacology to patients

Chemotherapy

study of drugs used for treatment of microbial/viral and malignancies

Systems and integrated pharmacology

study of the use of whole animal approaches to best predict the efficacy of new treatments in humans

Veterinary pharmacology

study of the use of drugs for disease and health problems unique to animals

Drugs

a drug is any substance used on the diagnosis, cure, treatment, or prevention of a disease or condition

drug names

chemical name

generic name

trade name

prescription or over the counter

source

plants

animals and humans

minerals

synthetic

scope of pharmacology

pharmacokinetics

what the body does to the drug: absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion (concentration v.s time)

pharmacodynamics

what the drug does to the body: biochemical and physiological effects of the drug (concentration v.s. effect)

scientific basis of pharmacology

pharmacokinetics & dynamics

pharmacotherapeutics

Type of therapy, acute, empiric, maintenance, palliative, prophylactic, replacement, supportive, supplemental

pharmaceutical development

pharmacoviginalce

PV or PhV the science that tries to reduce drugs side effects and harm

pharamacoeconomics

cost-minimization analysis (CMA)

cost - effectiveness analysis (CEA)

cost - benefit analysis (CBA)

cost - utility analysis (CUA)

pharmacoepidimiology

the study of drug effects on large groups of people

drug development phases

takes 14 years in average to reach the market

pre-clincal

application submission from FDA

animal studies

clinical

Phase I

Phase II

Phase III

Phase IV

Drug dosage forms

oral

parenteral

subcutaneous

intramuscular

intravenous

spinal

topical

inhalation