Musical Elements DR T SMITH

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Musical Elements DR T SMITH by Mind Map: Musical Elements DR T SMITH

1. DYNAMICS

2. RHYTHMS

3. TEXTURE

4. STRUCTURE

5. MELODY

6. INSTRUMENTS

7. TONALITY

8. HARMONY

9. Relative levels of loudness and quietness

10. Gradual changes: Crescendos (LOUDER) Diminuendos (quieter)

11. An important way of conveying the mood of a piece

12. The pattern of sound, silence, and emphasis in a song, melody cannot exist without rhythm. Syncopation - off beat rhythms Triplets - 3 crotchets in the space of 2 crotchet beats

13. Tempo - The speed of the beat E.g allegro, andante

14. Metre - The pattern of beats in a piece of music E.g 2/4, 4/4 Compound time sig, 9/8, 12/8

15. The way various sunyltaneous lines in a piece relate to one another

15.1. Monophonic - An unaccompanied melody Homophonic - An accompanied melody Polyphonic - Two or more simultaneous melodies

16. Heterophonic - different versions of the melody are heard at the same time Layerd Texture - repetitive patterns drop in and out of the texture to provid contrast

17. Structure may refer to the overall plan of the composition

18. Ternary form - ABA Sonata form - Exposition, development and recapitualtion Verse Chorus

19. Elements to identify structure are repetition, contrast and varied repetition

20. A collection of musical tones that are grouped together as a single entity, the rhythm cannot exist without melody

21. Disjunct - leap movement Conjunct - Stepwise movement

22. Diatonic - mainly based on major or minor scales Chromatic - notes outside the key of music

23. The rescources used in a composition and way it is used

24. Large ochestra - symphony ochestra Small ochestra - chamber ochestra

25. The use of major or minor keys in music and how the keys are related

26. Major dosen't mean happy and minor dosen't always mean sad

27. Modal - uses diatonic scales that are not necessarily major or minor Atonal - lacks a tonal center, or key

28. The sound of two or more notes heard simultaneously

29. Primary triads - first, fourth, or fifth note or tone of any major or minor musical scale Extended chords - 9ths, 11ths and 13ths

30. Circle of fifths - a way of organizing the 12 chromatic pitches as a sequence of perfect fifths

31. Types of Instruments: Brass String Woodwind Percussion Types of voice: Soprano Alto Tenor Bass

32. Special skills and effects: Tremelo Glissando Panning Overdive Distortion Multi Tracking Accapella Word Painting Word Setting