Theories of Learning

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Theories of Learning by Mind Map: Theories of Learning

1. Learning Theories

1.1. Connectivism

1.1.1. Considers "thinking" and "emotions" and how they impact learning.

1.1.2. Learning theory for the digital age

1.1.3. Process of connecting specialized nodes or information sources

1.1.4. Learning & knowledge exist in a diversity of opinions

1.1.5. Learning happens in made different ways, including email, conversations, web searches, emails, blogs. Courses are not primary conduit for learning.

1.1.6. Learning is knowledge creation process ... not only knowledge consumption.

1.1.7. Decision-making itself is a learning process.

1.2. Constructivism

1.2.1. Has roots in philosophy, psychology, sociology and education

1.2.2. Central idea: human learning is constructed. Learners build knew knowledge upon existing knowledge.

1.2.3. Learners come to learning situations with knowledge gained from previous experience; prior knowledge influence what new or modifies knowledge they will construct

1.2.4. Learners alter understanding when the encounter new learning situation that is inconsistent with their current understanding.

1.2.5. This approach emphasizes authentic, challenging projects that include students, teachers and experts in learning community.

1.3. Media Ecology

1.3.1. looks into the matter of how media communication affect human perception, understanding, feeling and value.

1.3.2. Media ecology is the study of media as environments: their structure, content and impact on people.

1.3.3. Tried to find out what roles media force us to play, how media structure what we are seeing, why media make us feel and act as we do.

1.4. Cognitive Load

1.4.1. Our minds have structures such as "working memory", "long term memory", and "schemas"

1.4.2. Working memory can only handle 7 disconnected items at once

1.4.3. Long Term Memory is virtually unlimited and assists Working Memory

1.4.4. If Working Memory has capacity left over, it can access Long Term Memory in powerful ways.

1.4.5. Automation results from well-developed Schemas due to Working Memory's interaction with Long Term Memory.

2. Technology Theories

2.1. Social Construction of Technology (SCOT)

2.1.1. Technology does not determine human action

2.1.2. Human action shapes technology

2.1.3. The way technology is used cannot be understood without understanding how that technology is embedded in its social context

2.2. Teachnology

2.2.1. Marriage of art and science

2.2.1.1. Art of investigating content

2.2.1.2. science of operating interfaces

2.3. TPACK (Technological, Pedagogical and Content Knowledge)

2.3.1. identifies nature of knowledge required by teachers for technology integration in classroom

2.3.2. Three primary forms: Content, Pedagogy and Technology

2.3.3. Arguably, knowledge about technology cannot be treated as context-free. Good teaching requires an understanding of how technology related to the pedagogy and content.

2.3.4. supports good teaching

2.3.5. Context will affect how TPACK is designed and functions. i.e. TPACK in elementary school will look different than TPACK in secondary school.