Transformation of the North

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Transformation of the North by Mind Map: Transformation of the North

1. Social Conditions (above: Ellis Island, the most popular immigrant port in Northern America)

1.1. Due to a large wave of immigration, population increased tremendously and cultures clashed; the crowded communities were full of factory workers living under poor conditions

1.1.1. Many children had to work as early as age 10 to support their family.

1.1.2. The work day could be up to 15 hours long, even though most workers agreed an 8-hour work day would suffice.

1.1.3. Multiple families lived in one rowhome with poor plumbing and the easy spread of diseases.

1.1.4. Groups of immigrants stereotyped; many "Native Americans" protested the immigrants entrance into the country.

1.1.5. Some embraced Social Darwinism- the philosophy that applied the "survival of the fittest" mindset of Darwin's theory into society. Only the strongest, "fittest" demographics and companies would be the ones to succeed.

1.2. Shows that workers knowingly had to technically "abandon" their rights in order to get paid an income

2. Economic Conditions (above: factory workers- credit Western Reserve Historical society)

2.1. This political cartoon addresses the discontent of some laborers with the changing nature of work during the era of industrialization.

2.2. The poor were dependent on larger companies to support them because they were given no oppourtunites to grow economically.

2.2.1. Salaries would be around $0.80 to $1.25 a day in factories.

2.2.2. The Bessemer Process was invented to produce steel much more efficiently and make it more widely available.

2.2.3. Factory owners paid in scripts: company money that kept workers dependent on their jobs.

2.2.4. There was a large buffer between the very rich and the impoverished.

2.2.5. Big companies controlled the stock of smaller companies' stock with trusts.

2.2.6. Corporations were established and had a higher chance of lasting in the economy than small, private companies.

2.3. This political cartoon satirizes the relative power and prowess of large business concerns and the U.S. government.

3. Political Conditions (above: a political cartoon displaying the effects of Political Machines and kickbacks)

3.1. The public was taken advantage of by big political groups who convinced their constituents that they were being helpful.

3.1.1. Know-Nothing Party (the American Political Party) wanted only naturalized citizens to have political rights, and wanted to increase stringency on naturalization laws.

3.1.2. Political machines embezzled money from the government and citizens' tax money under the guise that they were improving infrastructure and city conditions.

3.1.3. Political machines also influenced voters to stay in office by giving favours.

3.1.4. The policy "vote early and often" encouraged people to vote more than once, which completely misrepresented the public's true opinion.