Tranformation of the North

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Tranformation of the North by Mind Map: Tranformation of the North

1. Railroads: Appox. mid 1850s, ex. Transcontinental Railroad, increased trade throughout country as well as transportation Gas Engine: 1853, Contributed to trade increase, migration to creation of cities and towns Telephone: 1876, easier communication, buisness communication

2. Economic

2.1. Industrialization began positvely, but because of corruption, greed, and a slew of other factors, it eventually had a negative impact on the northern economy.

2.2. Technological Advances

2.3. Development of buisness

2.4. Capital Resources:

2.5. Job develpoment:

3. Social

3.1. Summary of social: Changes in the North such as better jobs, infrastructure, and education inlfuenced trade, the growth of immigration as well as the start of leisure time.

3.2. Technological inventions and innovations

3.2.1. Some other technological inventions and innovations included...the Bessemer Converter (1856), the light bulb (1879), and the Kodak 'Brownie' camera (1900). The Bessermer Converter is a machine that transforms pig iron into steel. The light bulb is used to provide light in dark places, without having to use a fire or candle. It was created by Thomas Edison. The 'Brownie' camera was used to take pictures in the early 1900s; it was made by a popular company that is still around today, known as Kodak.

3.3. Human/natural resources

3.3.1. Some natural resources during this time were oil and steel. A popular byproduct of oil is gasoline. Oil is a very important natural resource due to its rarity; it was referred to as "black gold." By 1880, oil was being used to create crucial petroleum products to help this industry such as kerosene, lubricating oil, ad was. Most of the oil in the 1900s was struck in Texas, and eventually lead to the Texas Oil Boom. Once gas was invented, oil became even more rare to the people in the US. Steel is also a very important natural resource because it builds railroads, buildings, bridges, and more. In order to create the steel, the workers used the Bessemer process. Steel manufacturing was most popular in Indiana, Ohio, and Pennsylvania.

3.3.2. Some very important human resources during this time were factory workers, minors who searched for oil, manufacturers of steel.

3.4. Changes in labor

3.4.1. Less people would work on farms, and more people would work in factories.

3.5. Minority experiences

3.5.1. The main minorities around this time were African Americans and immigrants coming from other countries. In addition, another minority was women. Immigrants came to America to find the "American Dream." They were disappointed though to find that it was hard to get into America to begin with, and then once the lucky ones were granted in, they were segregated. This segregation caused the immigrants to live in poorly kept tenements in the city. It was hard to get good jobs, and good education for their children. These people were overworked as well. African Americans were segregated from the whites because of their slave background. The former slaves, though out of slavery, were not completely considered free. They weren't considered completely free because they weren't given the same opportunities as the white people. Women were considered a minority too. They weren't as discriminated against as the immigrants or the African Americans, but one could certainly say they were discriminated by men. The women had to work on factories for the same amount of money as children would receive. Also, for a long time women weren't able to vote, or even work the same jobs as men. As time went by women were given more rights.

3.6. Cultural developements

3.6.1. The cultural developments during this time consisted of less people working at home (on farms), and more people working out of the house (at factories). Also, the minorities were starting to slowly gain more respect by the people, as well as more opportunities in life (jobs, education, etc.).

3.7. Leisure Time

3.7.1. This time included entertainment, building urban parks, improving education, improving publishing (newspapers/novels), and creating popular sports (baseball, football, basketball).

4. Political

4.1. Most people holding political positions were concerned with themselves and having power rather than the people they represented.

4.1.1. Changes in Labour Political machines would bribe poor workers or the unemployed to vote for them by giving them better jobs, though they would eventually take their money away from them through grafts and kickbacks.

4.1.2. Government Actions/Inactions Once the people of the political machines got power through their bribing, they would ignore the needy people they had been helping. They would also worsen their conditions through graft (buying something and then selling it for a much higher price) and kickbacks (buying something for more than it's worth using government money and then getting the extra money for personal use). The money these politicians were taking belonged to the needy and the immigrants. The political machines would give jobs to the poor and help the needy only for their benefit. They would feed and clothe people just before elections. They would also help immigrants who weren't fitting into the society.

4.1.3. Minority Experiences Many people in power believed that the poor immigrants coming into America were worsening the economy, whereas the rich ones helped it. Either way, people disliked those who didn't assimilate and didn't want them worsening the economy; and still the political machines would take both types of immigrants' money.

4.1.4. Demographic Changes The immigrants were separated from all other Americans. Though political machines helped the immigrants when it served them they did not really work to make them feel more comfortable in America afterwards. The jobs they gave them, however, helped them. However, political machines allowed for such separation to mostly remain.

5. Coroporations: Shared stocks provided buisness with funding and stock holders recieved profits Vertical integration: owning every level of production in a buisness in order to maximize profit Horizontal integration: buying out other buisnesses to eliminate competition

6. Trust: companies turning their control of stocks to a common board of trustees Kickback: scheme applied by big bosses to spend government money to eventually return it into their own pocket

7. Infastructure

8. Railroads, Streets, Train/Metro station, as well as the invention and innovation of skyscrapers allowed cities to not only expand vertically, but outward as well

9. As political machines began to gain power, more immigrants were offered jobs in return for their political influences. Work places were over crowded and workers wage didn't match up with hours being put in.