THEORHETICAL PERSPECTIVES

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THEORHETICAL PERSPECTIVES by Mind Map: THEORHETICAL PERSPECTIVES

1.  Vygotsky is best known for interactionist theory.  The interactionist perspective contends that children acquire language through their attempts to communicate with the world around them (Otto 34)  Language is acquired by individuals out of a need to function in society (Otto 33)  Vygotsky's basic premise was that language development is influenced by the society in which the individual lives(Otto 33) Otto. Language Development in Early Childhood, 3rd Edition. Pearson Learning Solutions. <vbk:0558415040#outline(6.1.4)>.

2.  B.F. Skinner is primary Behaviorist theorist  “B. F. Skinner….. once claimed that all aspects of language—sounds, words, grammar, and communication—are learned through imitation and reinforcement” (Kail 162)  language is “taught” through situations in which children are encouraged to imitate others' speech and to develop associations between verbal stimuli(Otto 31)  Teachers who follow a behaviorist perspective would focus on the stimuli and reinforcements that children experience in regard to language use. Activities would be provided that encourage children to communicate verbally through imitation and repetition.(Otto 33) Otto. Language Development in Early Childhood, 3rd Edition. Pearson Learning Solutions. <vbk:0558415040#outline(6.1.3)>. Kail, Cavanaugh. Cengage Advantage Books: Human Development: A Life-Span View, 5th Edition. Wadsworth Publishing, 01/02/2009. <vbk:9781285214429#outline(4.4.4.2.1)>.

3. 1)Cognitive developmental perspective is based in the work of Jean Piaget who suggests babbling is not language 2)An important precursor to the onset of language is the development of object permanence (Otto 30) 3)According to Piaget, language appears when children's cognitive growth reaches a point where they use and manipulate symbols (Otto 30) Otto. Language Development in Early Childhood, 3rd Edition. Pearson Learning Solutions. <vbk:0558415040#outline(6.1.2)>.

4. NATIVIST

4.1. • Nativist: Linguist Noam Chomsky is the major theorist associated with the nativist perspective. (Otto 27), • In the nativist perspective, children learn language by discovering the structure of their language (Otto 29) • The nativist perspective encourages teachers to use a curriculum that will provide extensive opportunities for children to explore language(Otto 29) • Otto. Language Development in Early Childhood, 3rd Edition. Pearson Learning Solutions. <vbk:0558415040#outline(6.1.1.1)>.

5. BEHAVIORIST

6. COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENTALIST

7. INTERACTIONIST