Europe's Early Middle Ages

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Europe's Early Middle Ages by Mind Map: Europe's Early Middle Ages

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2. The Mediterranean World

2.1. Large numbers of people lived in that enviroment

2.2. The Mediterranean society had everything necessary to survive. ( rainfall, sunshine, climate was moderate, and fertile soil )

2.3. The Mediterranean sea itself was a great transportation system. It really encouraged trade.

2.4. European society was a huge part of the Mediterranean world.

2.5. legacy:

2.5.1. Knowledge and culture passed down from one generation or civilization to another.

2.6. philoshophy:

2.6.1. The search for ideas, wisdom, knowledge

2.7. B.C.E:

2.7.1. before common era

2.8. Roman Legions:

2.8.1. Roman armed forces

2.9. http://www.vlib.us/medieval/lectures/justinian.html

3. The Romans

3.1. They built great cities decorated with art, magnificent gardens, arenas, public baths, and theaters.

3.2. Latin was the main language.

3.3. Women, non-Romans, and slaves were all denied the rights of Roman citizenship.

3.4. Barbarian:

3.4.1. Originally a non-Roman person. Barbarian later came to mean uncultured person. An insult.

3.5. loved war.

3.6. http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/primaryhistory/romans/the_roman_army/

4. The Franks

4.1. The Franks conquered most of France

4.2. They were almost all farmers, but the loved making war.

4.3. The Franks loved money and power, both men and women were fond of jewellery and both genders wore their hair long.

4.4. Wergild:

4.4.1. man money, that is a persons value in money

4.5. plague:

4.5.1. A contagious disease that is out of control and kills many people

4.6. prodigies:

4.6.1. omens, occurences that predict future events

4.7. Social class:

4.7.1. The group that one belongs to in a society. Class can be determined by money, role in society, or ones parentage.

4.8. arson:

4.8.1. intentionally setting fire to a property

4.9. betrothal:

4.9.1. a promise to marry

5. The Merovinigians

5.1. The Merovingians royal family ruled the Franks for almost 300 years.

5.2. The most successful ruler in the family was Clovis I

5.3. The Royal Family was famous for there treachery and murderous infighting.

5.4. The Merovingian family was weakened by this constant fighting and the kingdom fell to chaos.

6. Charlemagne

6.1. Charlemagne came to power in western Europe in 768 C.E

6.2. Charlemagne became ruler by throwing out the last of the Merovingian family ruler.

6.3. He wanted to rebuild civilization, and he had the intelligence and power to do so. He was one of the few kings who really wanted to make a change.

6.4. When Charlemagne defeated the Anglo-Saxons he demanded they convert to Christianity.

6.5. MISSI DOMINICI = The lord messengers

6.6. Carolingian Empire:

6.6.1. Charlemagnes empire from 770 to 814

6.7. The chase:

6.7.1. the hunt

6.8. exhalations

6.8.1. vapours

6.9. renaissance:

6.9.1. the rebirth or revival especially of the arts

6.10. http://freepages.family.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~mcgee411/GHTOUT/Charlemagne-bio.html

7. The Vikings

7.1. The Vikings ruled from the 8th - 11th century

7.2. The created long ships that helped them strike and disappear fast.

7.3. They destroyed basically all of Charlemagnes works.

7.4. They wanted glory, money, power and survival. There farms were large but were becoming over populated.

7.5. The Vikings would take money from rulers to make the Vikings leave the country alone.

7.6. Many Vikings converted to Christianity, therefore they were to stop fighting because of the Christian religion.

7.7. Fjord:

7.7.1. A long narrow salt water bay with high cliffs along its side

7.8. Skald:

7.8.1. A Scandinavian poet who recited poems at formal gatherings

7.9. Thing:

7.9.1. A parliamet where free adults could give their opinions on important matters. Viking kings were not crowned; instead, they were lifted up standing on shields, at the Thing.

7.10. women were treated very equal and could fight, they could even divorce there wives.

7.11. http://www.piratesahoy.net/threads/vikings.19478/

8. The Anglo- Saxons

8.1. The Anglo Saxons where the group of people to push out the Celts and there culture and language disappeared because of the Anglo Saxons.

8.2. They were farmers just like the Franks.

8.3. Men and women shared the work and duties.

8.4. The Anglo Saxons were great story tellers who created epics, such as Beowulf.

8.5. In the ninth century the Anglo Saxons suffered from terrible Viking raids. They lost many battles before they beat them.

8.6. Alfred the Great was a early ruler.

8.7. Celtic people

8.7.1. (pronounced as Keltic) a western culture, the Scottish ,Irish, Welsh, Cornish and Bretons are all Celts.

8.8. http://edu.glogster.com/glog.php?glog_id=22573419&scale=100