Europe's Early Middle Ages

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Europe's Early Middle Ages by Mind Map: Europe's Early Middle Ages

1. The Mediterranean World

1.1. European civilization began thousands of years ago

1.1.1. Had everything necessary to sustain large numbers of people

1.1.1.1. Fertile soil, rainfall, hot nor cold weather and a climate that was moderate.

1.2. The Mediterranean sea formed a transportaition route.

1.2.1. encourgaed trade

1.2.1.1. people learned from each other

1.3. the roman empire took over most of the mediteraimian

1.3.1. became great organizers

1.3.1.1. created roads

1.3.2. Roman empire

1.4. population grew rapidly

1.4.1. more towns and settlements came about

1.5. made great advances in art, architecture, drama, literature, medicine and science.

1.6. greek empire fell to the romans

1.7. the mediterranean sea

1.7.1. http://www.google.ca/imgres?imgurl=http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d8/Mediterranean_Sea_political_map-en.svg/240px-Mediterranean_Sea_political_map-en.svg.png&imgrefurl=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mediterranean_Sea&h=175&w=240&sz=110&tbnid=PzWKDX3m3_wWIM:&tbnh=90&tbnw=123&prev=/search%3Fq%3Dthe%2Bmediterranean%26tbm%3Disch%26tbo%3Du&zoom=1&q=the+mediterranean&usg=__7guvOiBpblZFWHf0WTqZCPhFSkI=&docid=9P89e-MxqXmCzM&sa=X&ei=cqCmUNnABYf8iQLyhYHACw&ved=0CC0Q9QEwAQ&dur=881

2. The Romans

2.1. The fall of Rome

2.1.1. fell to the goths

2.1.1.1. germanic people

2.1.1.2. historians disagree about how rome fell

2.1.1.2.1. there vast empire copllapsed to the viking

2.2. inspired by the greeks

2.3. left a legacy

2.3.1. some canadian laws are based on Roman laws

2.4. there culture flourished

2.4.1. works of art, gardens, public baths and theaters

2.5. they created systems water delivery system, road networks and military orginiazation

2.5.1. technology advancements

2.6. developed a code of laws

2.7. latin was the national language

2.7.1. latin is now a dead language

2.8. Pax romana

2.8.1. means Roman peace

2.9. the romans demanded taxes

2.10. got into many wars with the vikings

2.11. After the fall

2.11.1. the accomplishments of the romans were lost for centuries

2.11.1.1. the roman culture survived in isolated monasteries and distant lands

2.11.1.2. centuries later everything the romans accomplished would be reborn in various forms

2.11.2. germanic people moved into roman provinces

2.11.3. Barbarians

3. The Franks

3.1. when the roman legions began to leave western Europe germanic people moved in and established settlements

3.1.1. the franks were one of these groups

3.2. conquered much of gaul

3.2.1. gaul is now known as france

3.2.1.1. http://www.google.ca/imgres?q=map+of+france&hl=en&client=safari&sa=X&rls=en&biw=1438&bih=693&tbm=isch&prmd=imvns&tbnid=0Zxuby2NuIsr9M:&imgrefurl=http://www.infoplease.com/atlas/country/france.html&docid=MDExbojPe9bzRM&imgurl=http://i.infoplease.com/images/mfrance.gif&w=509&h=477&ei=V5qmUIP1Gu_pigKysIDwDA&zoom=1

3.3. most of them were farmers

3.4. the franks loved making war

3.5. frank meant free

3.6. had there own legal code

3.6.1. it was called the salic code

3.6.1.1. this placed a value on every person and every piece of land

3.6.1.1.1. if a person was killed or injured a fine was placed called a wergild

3.7. some people were very rich and some were very poor

3.7.1. the majority of people were serfs

3.7.1.1. serfs or peasants worked on there masters land, manor or estate.

3.7.1.1.1. the serfs are farmers so they are at the mercy of the weather

4. Charlemange

4.1. charlemange became a great ruler

4.1.1. rose to power in 768 C.E.

4.1.1.1. was crowned emperor of the romans

4.1.1.1.1. was crowned on christmas day 800 C.E.

4.2. was royal because of his father

4.2.1. made sure the people were treated properly

4.3. wanted to rebuild civilization

4.3.1. rebuilt school houses and otherarchitecture

4.4. expanded his empire in every derection

4.4.1. http://www.google.ca/imgres?q=charlemagne%27s+empire&hl=en&client=safari&sa=X&rls=en&biw=1280&bih=573&tbm=isch&prmd=imvns&tbnid=keAMRSQqgWM57M:&imgrefurl=http://sites.davidson.edu/humanities2011-13/charlemagnes-empire/&docid=5W46kd1EONs7YM&imgurl=http://sites.davidson.edu/humanities2011-13/wp-content/uploads/2012/02/Charlemagne_Empire_Map.gif&w=396&h=325&ei=GgCoUOD7CceeiALDwoGwDw&zoom=1&iact=rc&dur=640&sig=100684647862399115375&page=1&tbnh=141&tbnw=172&start=0&ndsp=18&ved=1t:429,r:2,s:0,i:102&tx=47&ty=75

4.5. christianity

4.5.1. he told his enemy's to convert to christianity or die

4.5.1.1. the result was 4000 saxons dead in a single day

4.6. governed his empire from Aachen

4.6.1. now known as germany

4.7. had a single code of laws for an entire empire

5. the Anglo saxons and the celts

5.1. invaded Britian

5.1.1. soon there were large amounts of germanic invaders and new settlements

5.1.1.1. they created a kingdom and became known as the Anglo saxons

5.1.2. this drove out native celtic people

5.1.2.1. pushed them into wales and cornwall

5.1.2.1.1. the celtic language and culture diapepeared

5.1.3. Britain

5.2. anglo saxons were germanic invaders

5.3. they thought of themselves as warriors but the were also farmers

5.3.1. settlements were small

5.4. created great epics like Beowulf

5.4.1. an epic is along poem telling of heroic deeds or events

5.5. sufferd from viking attacks and weak kings

5.6. invaded Britian

6. the viking

6.1. the vikings first attacked france on easter sunday in 855 C.E.

6.2. they attacked charlemange's empire

6.3. they devastated whole regions in the low countrys

6.3.1. Netherlands, Belgium, Ireland and England

6.4. they attacked in raiding parties

6.4.1. they came in fast and left fast so that by the time the villagers had enough force to fight them off they would have left already

6.4.2. size of raiding parties differed from one or a hand-full of boats to a hundred or more

6.4.3. they attacked without warning

6.4.4. the viking used a longships capable of holding 32 men

6.4.4.1. http://www.google.ca/imgres?q=viking+longship&hl=en&client=safari&sa=X&rls=en&biw=1280&bih=573&tbm=isch&prmd=imvns&tbnid=ukT6ydmIGvWC8M:&imgrefurl=http://www.historyfiles.co.uk/KingListsBritain/GaelsDublin.htm&docid=IZMddDI4R3JIrM&imgurl=http://www.historyfiles.co.uk/images/Britain/Gaels/Vikings_Longboat01_full.jpg&w=525&h=295&ei=5x2oUMj_Baa0igL1oYGoCA&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=229&vpy=145&dur=318&hovh=168&hovw=300&tx=173&ty=83&sig=100684647862399115375&page=1&tbnh=125&tbnw=204&start=0&ndsp=18&ved=1t:429,r:7,s:0,i:117

6.5. the fought for glory and pillage

6.5.1. they also enslaved people

6.6. the vikings reputaition

6.6.1. the vikings were known for being merciless and destructive

6.6.1.1. they commonly killed or enslaved people

6.6.2. some people were so scared they payed the vikings to leave

6.7. few rulers could fight the vikings effecively

6.8. everyday lfe

6.8.1. not much is know but most people think they were like the anglo saxons meaning not everything was raiding parties and war

6.8.1.1. every body had equal rights including men and woman

6.8.1.1.1. despite the title of barbarians the vikings had a very rich culture