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Theoretical Perspectives of Language Acquisition by Mind Map: Theoretical Perspectives of
Language Acquisition
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Theoretical Perspectives of Language Acquisition

NURTURE

The BEHAVIORIST Perspective

Skinner

Language acquisition is based on stimuli, responses, and reinforcements received from the environment

Operant conditioning determines whether a behavior will be repeated based on the reinforcement received

Imitative speech occurs when an infant tries to model the exact sound made by an adult

Positive and excited feedback encourage a child's willingness to attempt language

NURTURE

The INTERACTIONIST Perspective

Vygotsky, Bruner, Halliday

Language is acquired through sociocultural interactions out of a need to function in society

Language is a "process" not a "product" of development

There exists an intentionality of the child to be an active learner in the process

The environment, human capacity to learn, and cognitive development all influence language knowledge

NATURE

The NATIVIST Perspective

Noam Chomsky

Language acquisition based on INNATE human capabilities

"Universal Grammar" is innate to the human mind

Language is a "well engineered biological instinct"

LAD or Language Acquisition Device allows a child to instinctively grasp and process language mechanics

NATURE

The COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENTALIST Perspective

Jean Piaget

Language occurs through a maturation process of cognitive growth

Language acquisition occurs in defined stages which must be complete prior to moving onto another developmental stage

Sensorimotor stage develops object permanence and schemata

Preoperational Stage develops ability to logically use words, drawings and images to represent ideas

Sandy Davison's Mind Map http://www.mindmeister.com/226178932#info