When the French first came to Canada, what is now Quebec, the first nations were upset with how the Europeans thought that all the land was for themselves when it wasn't. The first nations would allow the French to share the land, as long as the Europeans didn't interfere with their tradtions and way of life. Jacques Cartier captured one of the first nations tribes chief named Donnacona and his sons, to show that the French and good people and can be trusted. Donnacona never made back home, so a tribe was left without a leader.
John Cabot found a fishing post on the east coast near Newfoundland. A first nation tribe called the Beothuk lived in Newfoundland in that time period and their daily lifes' were very dependant on fish. Since the Europeans were so crazed to get all the fish in the area they blocked the Beothuk's way to get to the shore. After the Europeans left in the winter, the Beothuk sabotaged the fishing stations to have access to the fish. When the British came back to Newfoundland, they were unhappy about what the Beothuk did so the British killed all the Beothuk. The Europeans brought diseases that killed even more of the first nations. The British killed a nation just for resources. This wasn't even their land, it belonged to the Beothuk and the tribe would most likely have let the British use the land but not like this.
King XIV The king was highest official in France but in New France he couldn't be there all the time so he appointed the governor to be his representative. The king choose the representatives.
Governor The Governor was the king's representative and was the highest official in New France. He had the biggest say in the Sovereign Council. The first governor was Samuel de Champlain.
Intendant The intendant was in charge of day to day affairs like the courts, roads etc., Bishop The bishop was the head of the church and had a big say in politics., Priests The priest was the second most important person in the church. The priest helped the nuns and the missionaries teach the schools, helped the poor and the churches., Nuns The nuns are the teachers of the schools. The schools mostly taught girls and their curriculum was based around their religion., Missionaries The missionaries job was to convert the first nations peoples to Cathholic. The goal of the church was to spread the European faith, that's what missionaries did
Seigneurs The king used the seigneurial system for the social structure. The king gave a seigneur a large amount of land and the seigneur's job was to find people to rent a small part of the land. The habitant (person living in the land) had to give some of the crops grown and pay fees.
Habitants The Habitants are the citizens of New France. The people that settled here were considered the original Canadiens., Children The girls got the better education since most schools only taught girls. All children had more of a chance to go to school than they did in France because they needed to help their families. The curriculum for the school was based around their Catholic religion since the nuns taught the schools.
Filles du roi Very few woman wanted to live in an unknown land and marry the men so the King brought 900 single woman to New France so the town could grow.