Physical Patterns

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Physical Patterns by Mind Map: Physical Patterns

1. Landforms

1.1. Active Vocanos

1.1.1. The Earth's surface can be changed by volcanoes. Volcanoes can ether make a mountain bigger or smaller. It may blast the top off or it might push the mountain higher. Volcanoes are likely to occur between the plates. That's because the magma can easily blast through the cracks.

1.1.2. Goal 2

1.2. Ancient Shield Regions

1.2.1. Shield Regions are old regions that was made by active volcanoes bursting billions of years before. It formed two types of rocks. One of them is the igneous rock and another is the metamorphic rock. An igneous rock is lava that is magma that turned solid after the volcanic explosion. A metamorphic rock that is rocks changed.

1.2.2. Session Rule 2

1.3. Fold Mountains

1.3.1. Fold mountains are formed when two sedimentary plates slide against each other with layers of rock in between. When the two plates hit, one slides down pushing the layer of rocks up. But the formation takes thousands of years.

1.4. Plains And Lowlands

1.4.1. Plains and Lowlands are shield regions eroded by glaciers and rivers. They brings a type of rock called sediment that could be found under the plains. In fact, layers of the sedimentary rocks can be found under the plains.

1.5. Prioritize Ideas

1.6. Define Action Points

2. Natural Disasters

2.1. Earthquake

2.1.1. Earthquakes start when two tectonic plates push against each other causing a fault line to form. It sends seismic waves which are called P&S waves. Earthquakes usually happens on the fault line where the ground is most likely to shake.

2.1.1.1. Natural Disasters

2.1.1.2. Sub Idea 2

2.2. Land Slide

2.2.1. Landslides can begin with only a few pieces of rock rolling down the mountain and hitting larger unstable minerals and it can become bigger and bigger and it hits the ground and buries stuff.

2.2.2. Landslide can also be caused by wind blowing causing the minerals to fall.

2.3. Tsunami

2.3.1. A tsunami forms when the layer of two plates at the bottom of the ocean slide against each other and crates the shock of a wave.

2.3.2. It is just like a earth quake but its a ocean earthquake and it will effect the water on the surface. The tsunami only happens at coasts beside the oceans.

2.4. Tropical Stroms

2.4.1. Blizzards

2.4.1.1. Blizzards start because hot air and cold air meets and spin carrying large amounts of snow. They effect Russia, Europe, and Canada.

2.4.2. Tornados

2.4.2.1. Tornado starts when rotating wind gets sucked in to a thunder storm and it becomes a vortex and begins to suck things up. It effects the tornado alley of United States.

2.4.3. Hurricanes

2.4.3.1. Hurricane's basic form is hot and cold air meets and spins around and with a movement of up to 48.28 km/h. It can effect the coast of Mexico and the East coast of United States.

2.4.4. Typhoons

2.4.4.1. Typhoons start the same way the hurricanes do, hot air raising in to the cold air and cost spin effect. It starts from the ocean and makes its way to the East coast of Asia.

2.4.5. Cyclones

2.4.5.1. Cyclones are like hurricanes and typhoons and forms the same way too. Hot air raises to the sky and meets cold air. It effects the coast of Madagascar and, South coast of Asia and the North coast of Australia.

2.5. Volcano

2.5.1. Volcano happens when the crust has too much pressure and the magma in the crust bursts open in a fault line or crack.

2.5.2. When it bursts out it spits magma or lava all over the place. After a while, they turn in to molten rocks.

2.5.3. The volcano has two cones. One of them is the composite cone. A composite cone is the cone in the volcano which has alternating layers of cinders and magma.

3. The Effect of Climate

3.1. The Effects Brought by Latitudes

3.1.1. The most important factor is the sun. With out the sun, latitudes won't matter. The reason that is is that the Earth is round. When the sun shines, it takes less distance for it to hit the part of the Earth that is closest which is the equator. It takes longer time to reach the poles. So by the time the sun reaches it, the power is already week.

3.1.2. Polar Climate

3.1.2.1. Polar climate is very cold. That's because the Earth is round and when the sun shines, it is spreed all over the place because the angle is a sharp 45 degrees angle.

3.1.3. Tropical Climate

3.1.3.1. Countries that are on the equator have a very hot climate called tropical climate. The reason is that they are the closest part of Earth to the sun. When sun light strikes, it points strait at the equator with more power. This is why it has warm winters.

3.1.4. Temperate Climate

3.1.4.1. Temperate climate is the place that is between the equator and the poles. It is farther from the sun that the sun light is weaker when it reaches the place but not to weak. Their seasons are warmer in January and colder in July.

3.2. The Effect of Moving Air

3.2.1. Desert Climate

3.2.1.1. This climate is very dry because there are rare rain falls. That's because when the air meets, it goes down as surface winds before it reaches the equator and become rain fall.

3.2.2. When the sun strikes the Earth, hot rises up from it. When it goes high enough to meet the cold air, they go down with high pressure and combine and makes precipitation. That's why some places gets more than 4 meters of rain a year.

3.3. The Effect of Water Bodies

3.3.1. The bodies of water can make temperatures nice for you. That's what is called the marine time climate that is near oceans with warm summers and cool winters effected by water bodies.. Another type of climate is continental, it is the type of weather inside the continent. It has tougher climate than the maritime climate. It has hot summers and cool winters not effected by by water bodies.

3.4. The Effect of Mountain Climates

3.4.1. The mountain climate is cooler than the other climates except polar. In fact, the temperature is evenly spread (mostly the same) all year around and they are cool. The reason is that there's less air at high grounds which means that there are less sun heat trapped by molecules. But it will be warmer if you live at the mountain side where the sun shines than at the back of the mountain where the sun ray is blocked.

3.5. The Effect of Ocean Currents

3.5.1. In the ocean, cold water flow away from the poles and in to the Atlantic and the Pacific ocean where the hot water flows away from the equator. When they mix, they form precipitation.

4. Agriculture

4.1. Physical condictions for Agriculture

4.1.1. The effect of climate

4.1.1.1. The climate is an important factor for farming. Only humid climates are suitable for farming.

4.1.2. The effect of soil

4.1.2.1. Soil is another important factor for farming. The crops crow on it and feed on it. But only the soil that is good can the crops grow on it. Only the darker and thicker ones have more fertility.

4.1.3. the effect of natural vegetation

4.1.3.1. Natural vegetation are the plants and its an important factor for soil. When the leaves and grass decompose, they turn in to nutrients to feed the soil.

4.2. Food that we eat

4.2.1. Most of the food we eat comes from planting and farming. There today are less hunting and gathering. That's why we are getting less active. We cirtanly don't do any thing at all. We just go to the market to by food we need. But sometimes, we don't know what food we should eat, that's why we need the Canada food guide.