Geographical resources mind map

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1. Natural

1.1. Renewable

1.1.1. Continuous of Flow ( e.g. wind, water, etc.)

1.1.2. Biological Natural Vegetation (Forests) Wildlife

1.2. Non-Renewable

1.2.1. Recyclable (e.g. metals)

1.2.2. Non-Recyclable (e.g. fossil fuels)

2. Human

2.1. Structures and Institutions

2.2. Quantity and Quality

3. Advantages and Disadvantages of Resources

3.1. Renewable

3.1.1. Advantages Will never run out Lower maintenance requirements Saves money Numerous environmental benefits Lower reliance foreign energy sources Leads to cleaner water and air Creates jobs Cuts down on waste Easily available

3.1.2. Disadvantages High upfront costs Not continuously available Limited storage capabilities Geographic limitations Aren't always 100% carbon-free Supply chain constraints

3.2. Non-renewable

3.2.1. Advantages High in energy Large profits Easy to use Cost-effective Easily accessible Can be conveniently transported Creates jobs Easy to store

3.2.2. Disadvantages Time consuming to extract Non-renewable energy takes billions of years to form Dangerous Workers extracting these resources face health problems Release CO2 Destroy ozone layer Acid rain Smog/pollution Risky to transport

4. Consumption of resources

4.1. Renewable

4.1.1. Food Every human on our planet needs food to survive. Our planet consumes approximately 18 trillion calories per day. Humans eat various types of food including carbs, fruits and vegetables, dairy, meat / fish / eggs, fats and high-sugar food. This takes billions of acres of agricultural land to nutritionally compensate for our rising global population.

4.1.2. Water Each day, humans worldwide drink an estimated 5.2 billion gallons of water. Cows drink eight and a half times that amount in a day—45 billion gallons. Humans and animals consume large quantities of water per day together. Huge amounts of water is consumed for agricultural uses. Much water also evaporates on a daily basis. Human necessities like bathing, using the toilet, and washing clothes use a great deal of water. Water is used to fill up swimming pool, local aquariums, and more. Lastly, water has industrial uses. As a matter of fact, Apple uses 3190 gallons of water to make just 1 iPhone. It even takes 713 gallons to produce 1 cotton t-shirt.

4.1.3. Biomass energy Biomass energy is used for fuels, power production, and products that would otherwise be made from fossil fuels. Industries and businesses use this energy for space heating, hot water heating, and electricity generation. Many chemicals, plastics, and other substances in the products we use are made from biomass energy. Cosmetics and perfumes are also made out of this energy, 80% of biomass is used for residential use and 79% of it is made from burning wood. 18% percent of biomass is for industrial use and 2% is for transport.

4.1.4. Hydropower As hydropower plants can generate power immediately, they provide backup power during major electricity outages or disruptions. Hydropower provides us with flood control, irrigation support, and clean drinking water. Hydropower is also affordable.

4.1.5. Geothermal power Geothermal energy is utilized for heating and cooling buildings through geothermal heat pumps, generating electricity through geothermal power plants, and heating structures through direct-use applications. Industrial applications of geothermal energy includes food dehydration, gold mining, and milk pasteurizing. Humans also use geothermal hot springs for bathing because they are rich in minerals and have health benefits.

4.1.6. Wind energy Wind energy is used for generating electricity, sail boating, land surfing, flying kites, windsurfing, and more. It is also used for milling grain, pumping water. and powering cargo ships (via kites) as it ultimately reduces carbon footprint. Wind energy is sent to homes for power and lighting.

4.1.7. Solar energy Solar energy is energy captured from the sun. It is commonly used for solar water heaters and house heating. It is also used for heating swimming pools, charging batteries, and cooking purposes.

4.1.8. Ocean energy Ocean energy refers to all forms of renewable energy derived from the sea. The main sources of ocean energy are tidal waves, the rise and fall of tides, ocean currents, and ocean thermal energy, This renewable resource produces almost constant generation of electricity. Ocean energy is used to produce clean, renewable electricity for our homes, schools, and industries.

4.2. Non-renewable

4.2.1. Oil Oil is used to propel vehicles, to heat buildings, and to produce electricity. Industries use raw petroleum to make plastics, polyurethane, solvents, and hundreds of other intermediate and end-user goods. Oil is also used to make clothing, toiletries (e.g. soap, lotion, toothpaste, shaving cream, shampoo, deodorant, etc.), and surprisingly chewing gum.

4.2.2. Natural gas Natural gas is used to generate electricity, heating (e.g. stoves, water heating, and etc.), transportation and production (industrial use), air conditioning, dry clothes, outdoor lighting, and to operate refrigerating and cooling equipment.

4.2.3. Coal Coal is utilized in cement production, tars, medicines, fibers, foams, synthetic petroleum-based fuels, and even home & commercial heating. In addition, coal is used in generating electricity, metal production, chemical production, and other industries

4.2.4. Nuclear Energy Nuclear energy is used in agriculture, plant mutation breeding, fertilizers, insect control, consumer products, food, and more. Nuclear energy is also utilized in industrial tracers, inspection and instrumentation, carbon dating, desalination, medicine, diagnosis, therapy sterilization, and more. Nuclear energy also has many uses in transportation. For example, it is used in nuclear powered ships and even nuclear reactors in space. Lastly, it is used for water resources, environmental tracers, and conservation.

4.2.5. Rare earth metals Rare earth metals are especially found in devices such as smart phones, loudspeakers, magnets, medical imaging equipment, and guided missiles. Neodymium, praseodymium, scandium, and dysprosium are some of the most demanding rare earth elements that are used in products such as motors, turbines and medical devices. Neodymium, praseodymium, dysprosium, terbium, and yttrium contain special properties such as, remanence and high coercivity that keep permanent magnets from losing their magnetivity even after a long time.

5. Resources

5.1. Abiotic

5.2. Biotic

6. Resources

6.1. Localized

6.2. Ubiquitous

7. Resources

7.1. Ownership of resources

7.1.1. Individual

7.1.2. Community

7.1.3. National

7.1.4. International

8. Resources

8.1. Status of development

8.1.1. Potential resources

8.1.2. Developed resources

8.1.3. Stock resources

8.1.4. Reserves