Creating of the Constitution

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Creating of the Constitution by Mind Map: Creating of the Constitution

1. Bill of Rights

1.1. The first 10 amendments to the Constitution make up the Bill of Rights. James Madison wrote the amendments, which list specific prohibitions on governmental power, in response to calls from several states for greater constitutional protection for individual liberties.

1.2. Amendment I

1.3. Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.

1.4. Amendment II

1.5. A well-regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed.

1.6. Amendment III

1.7. No soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.

1.8. Amendment IV

1.9. The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.

1.10. Amendment V

1.11. No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a grand jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the militia, when in actual service in time of war or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.

1.12. Amendment VI

1.13. In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the state and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the assistance of counsel for his defense.

1.14. Amendment VII

1.15. In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise reexamined in any court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law.

1.16. Amendment VIII

1.17. Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.

1.18. Amendment IX

1.19. The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.

1.20. Amendment X

1.21. The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people.

2. Different Class Activities

2.1. Group Discussion Activity

2.1.1. Get into group of four and discussion if you believe that the founding father would support our countries current interruption of the constition. After coming to a group decision than present why or why not. This in not a political party interruption but as a country as a whole.

2.2. Amendments Activity

2.2.1. How would you amend the Bill of Rights? What rights would you get rid of and what ones would you add? Or do you think it is fine as it is? Write a paragraph to support your answer

2.3. The Importance of the Constituion

2.3.1. Class discussion on why the constituion is important? What are the key aspects that make it important? How does the constituion not only affect The United States but also the rest of the world?

3. The United States Constitutional Convention

3.1. May 25, 1787 – Sep 17, 1787

3.2. The Constitutional Convention took place from May 14 to September 17, 1787, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The point of the event was decide how America was going to be governed. Although the Convention had been officially called to revise the existing Articles of Confederation, many delegates had much bigger plans.

4. Federalist Papers

4.1. The Federalist Papers were written and published to urge New Yorkers to ratify the proposed United States Constitution, which was drafted in Philadelphia in the summer of 1787.

4.2. The 85 essays succeeded by helping to persuade doubtful New Yorkers to ratify the Constitution. Today, The Federalist Papers helps us to more clearly understand what the writers of the Constitution had in mind when they drafted that amazing document 200 years ago.

5. Founding Fathers

5.1. Thomas Jefferson

5.1.1. Thomas Jefferson was an American statesman, diplomat, lawyer, architect, philosopher, and Founding Father who served as the third president of the United States from 1801 to 1809. He was previously the second vice president under John Adams and the first United States secretary of state under George Washington.

5.2. James Madison

5.2.1. James Madison Jr. was an American statesman, diplomat, and Founding Father who served as the fourth president of the United States from 1809 to 1817. He is hailed as the "Father of the Constitution" for his pivotal role in drafting and promoting the Constitution of the United States and the Bill of Rights.

5.3. Benjamin Franklin

5.3.1. Benjamin Franklin was an American polymath who was active as a writer, scientist, inventor, statesman, diplomat, printer, publisher, and political philosopher.

5.4. Alexander Hamilton

5.4.1. Alexander Hamilton was an American revolutionary, statesman and Founding Father of the United States. He was an influential interpreter and promoter of the U.S. Constitution, and was the founder of the Federalist Party, the nation's financial system, the United States Coast Guard, and the New York Post newspaper

5.5. John Adams

5.5.1. John Adams was an American statesman, attorney, diplomat, writer, and Founding Father who served as the second president of the United States from 1797 to 1801

5.6. New node

5.6.1. George Washington was an American military officer, statesman, and Founding Father who served as the first president of the United States from 1789 to 1797.

6. The Constitution

6.1. The Constitution of the United States is the supreme law of the United States of America. It superseded the Articles of Confederation, the nation's first constitution. Originally comprising seven articles, it delineates the national frame of government.

6.2. The Constitution itself is divided into three major parts, the Preamble, seven articles, and amendments.

6.3. Article I Legislative Branch. Article II Executive Branch. Article III Judicial Branch. Article IV Relationships Between the States. Article V Amending the Constitution. Article VI The Supreme Law. Article VII Ratification Clause.

7. The Preamble

7.1. We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.

7.2. The preamble is important because it contains ideals that the Constitution seeks to achieve. It gives direction and purpose to the Constitution. It also enshrines the grand objectives and socio-economic goals which are to be achieved through constitutional processes.