Dissecting Indonesia Section B

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Dissecting Indonesia Section B by Mind Map: Dissecting Indonesia Section B

1. GROUP 4 MALUKU

1.1. Melvin

1.1.1. Facts

1.1.1.1. Source : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maluku_(province)

1.1.1.1.1. Maluku has an area of about 75 000km2

1.1.1.1.2. Has a population of 3,131,860 by 2020

1.1.1.1.3. Ambon is the Capital city of Maluku.

1.1.1.1.4. There are about 1000 total islands in Maluku

1.1.1.1.5. Maluku is a province in Indonesia located in Southeast Asia and Oceana.

1.1.2. Religions

1.1.2.1. Source : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maluku_(province)

1.1.2.1.1. Islam 52.85%

1.1.2.1.2. Christian 46.3%

1.1.3. Beliefs

1.1.3.1. Source : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moluccans

1.1.3.1.1. Religious beliefs

1.1.3.1.2. Cultural beliefs

1.2. Chantal

1.2.1. Artefacts

1.2.1.1. North Maluku

1.2.1.1.1. Altar Batu

1.2.1.1.2. Lumpang Batu

1.2.1.1.3. Lesung Batu

1.2.1.1.4. Batu Asah

1.2.1.1.5. Batu Dakon

1.2.1.1.6. Batu Berhias

1.2.1.1.7. Betu Berlubang

1.2.1.1.8. Batu Bergores

1.2.1.1.9. Jere

1.2.1.2. Source

1.2.1.2.1. https://nationalgeographic.grid.id/read/132961591/artefak-megalitik-ditemukan-di-maluku-utara-terkait-pemujaan-leluhur?page=all

1.2.2. Historical Momentum

1.2.2.1. North Maluku

1.2.2.1.1. Source : https://www.idntimes.com/travel/destination/brahm-1/bangunan-bersejarah-di-ternate-c1c2

1.2.2.2. Central Maluku

1.2.2.2.1. Source : https://www.idntimes.com/travel/destination/brahm-1/5-tempat-wisata-sejarah-di-pulau-ambon-c1c2

1.2.3. Culltural Values

1.2.3.1. Source : https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Budaya_Maluku

1.2.3.1.1. Kalwedo Culture

1.2.3.1.2. Hawear Culture

1.2.3.1.3. Sasahil and Nekora

1.3. Anisa

1.3.1. Languages

1.3.1.1. Source : https://bit.ly/3LqOcU0

1.3.1.1.1. 62 Languages

1.3.2. Customs and Traditions

1.3.2.1. Customs

1.3.2.1.1. Manteren Lamo

1.3.2.1.2. Salele Clothes (Baju Salele)

1.3.2.1.3. Cele Clothes (Baju Cele)

1.3.2.1.4. Etc.

1.3.2.2. Traditions

1.3.2.2.1. Sasi Traditional Ceremony (Upacara Adat Sasi)

1.3.2.2.2. Pattimura Torch (Obor Pattimura)

1.3.2.2.3. Soya Country Washing Tradition (Adat Cuci Negeri Soya)

1.3.2.2.4. Etc.

1.3.3. Myths

1.3.3.1. Orang Bati

1.3.3.1.1. Source : https://bit.ly/3DPzTGP

1.3.3.2. Nunusaku

1.3.3.2.1. Source : https://bit.ly/3eWGSDd

2. GROUP 3 (KALIMANTAN)

2.1. Fildza

2.1.1. Facts

2.1.1.1. West Kalimantan

2.1.1.1.1. Source: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kalimantan_Barat

2.1.1.2. East Kalimantan

2.1.1.2.1. Source: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kalimantan_Timur

2.1.1.3. Central Kalimantan

2.1.1.3.1. Source: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kalimantan_Tengah

2.1.1.4. North Kalimantan

2.1.1.4.1. Source: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kalimantan_Utara

2.1.1.5. South Kalimantan

2.1.1.5.1. Source: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kalimantan_Selatan

2.1.2. Religion

2.1.2.1. West Kalimantan

2.1.2.1.1. Source: https://dukcapil.kalbarprov.go.id/data/agama

2.1.2.2. East Kalimantan

2.1.2.2.1. Source: https://databoks.katadata.co.id/datapublish/2021/10/06/sebanyak-87-penduduk-kalimantan-timur-beragama-islam-pada-juni-2021

2.1.2.3. Central Kalimantan

2.1.2.3.1. Source: https://databoks.katadata.co.id/datapublish/2021/10/19/sebanyak-7413-penduduk-kalimantan-tengah-beragama-islam-pada-juni-2021#:~:text=Sebanyak%2074%2C13%25%20Penduduk%20Kalimantan%20Tengah%20Beragama%20Islam%20pada%20Juni%202021,-Demografi&text=Direktorat%20Jenderal%20Kependudukan%20dan%20Pencatatan,juta%20jiwa%20pada%20Juni%202021

2.1.2.4. North Kalimantan

2.1.2.4.1. Source: https://databoks.katadata.co.id/datapublish/2022/03/15/mayoritas-penduduk-kalimantan-utara-beragama-islam-pada-2021

2.1.2.5. South Kalimantan

2.1.2.5.1. Source: https://databoks.katadata.co.id/datapublish/2021/09/28/sebagian-besar-penduduk-kalimantan-selatan-beragama-islam-pada-juni-2021

2.1.3. Languages

2.1.3.1. West Kalimantan

2.1.3.1.1. Source: https://kalbar.bpk.go.id/pemerintah-daerah-provinsi-kalimantan-barat-1/#:~:text=Menurut%20penelitian%20Institut%20Dayakologi%20terdapat,Sanggau%20dan%20Bahasa%20Melayu%20Sambas .

2.1.3.2. East Kalimantan

2.1.3.2.1. Source: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daftar_bahasa_di_Kalimantan_Timur

2.1.3.3. Central Kalimantan

2.1.3.3.1. Source: https://akurat.co/ini-3-bahasa-yang-banyak-dipakai-di-kalimantan-tengah

2.1.3.4. North Kalimantan

2.1.3.4.1. Source: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kalimantan_Utara

2.1.3.5. South Kalimantan

2.1.3.5.1. Source: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kalimantan_Selatan

2.2. Matthew

2.2.1. Cultural Values

2.2.1.1. Suku Banjar

2.2.1.1.1. Source: Jurnal Psikologi Teori dan Terapan 2014, Vol. 5, No. 1, 1-6, ISSN: 2087-1708

2.2.1.2. Suku Dayak

2.2.1.2.1. Source: Jurnal Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan Vol. 4 No. 1, Juni 2020 Hal. 1-15

2.2.1.3. Suku Melayu

2.2.1.3.1. Source: https://www.academia.edu/3833419/PENANAMAN_NILAI_NILAI_BUDAYA_MELAYU_KALBAR_Oleh_M_Natsir?source=swp_share

2.2.2. Custom and Traditions

2.2.2.1. West Kalimantan

2.2.2.1.1. Source: https://www.mantabz.com/upacara-adat-kalimantan-barat/

2.2.2.2. East Kalimantan

2.2.2.2.1. Source: https://tinyurl.com/bdekzpz9

2.2.2.3. Central Kalimantan

2.2.2.3.1. Source: https://www.cekaja.com/info/kesenian-tradisional-kalimantan-tengah

2.2.2.4. North Kalmantan

2.2.2.4.1. Source: https://rapafm.pakpakbharatkab.go.id/rapafm/read/419/12-kesenian-tradisional-kalimantan-utara-yang-wajib-diketahui

2.2.2.5. South Kalimantan

2.2.2.5.1. Source: https://www.mantabz.com/upacara-adat-kalimantan-selatan/

2.2.3. Beliefs (Superstitions?)

2.2.3.1. Melayu

2.2.3.1.1. Source: https://kabardamai.id/kemponan-mitos-dan-tradisi-kepercayaan-masyarakat-kalbar/

2.2.3.2. Suku Dayak

2.2.3.2.1. Source: https://kaltim.idntimes.com/news/kaltim/sri-wibisono/6-kearifan-lokal-suku-dayak-ada-yang-rasional-dan-mistis-lho?page=all

2.2.3.3. Suku Banjar

2.2.3.3.1. Source: https://www.solopos.com/masih-dipercaya-hingga-sekarang-ini-makna-pamali-banjar-1232418

2.3. Amartya

2.3.1. Artefacts

2.3.1.1. West Kalimantan

2.3.1.1.1. Source: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Museum_Provinsi_Kalimantan_Barat

2.3.1.2. East Kalimantan

2.3.1.2.1. Source: https://www.cnnindonesia.com/nasional/20210519182900-31-644431/7-peninggalan-kerajaan-kutai-bukti-sejarah-tertua-nusantara

2.3.1.3. Central Kalimantan

2.3.1.3.1. Source: https://mediacenter.palangkaraya.go.id/perawatan-mandau-sebagai-bentuk-rasa-cinta-terhadap-benda-benda-sejarah-di-kota-palangka-raya/

2.3.1.3.2. Source: https://mediacenter.palangkaraya.go.id/museum-balanga-pamerkan-meriam-kuno-bersejarah/

2.3.1.3.3. Source: https://kalteng.antaranews.com/berita/271878/museum-balanga-tambah-koleksi-benda-bersejarah-ini-jenisnya

2.3.1.4. North Kalimantan

2.3.1.4.1. Source: https://www.merdeka.com/peristiwa/mengenal-budaya-adat-tradisi-amp-peninggalan-bersejarah-di-kota-tarakan-yang-melegenda.html

2.3.1.5. South Kalimantan

2.3.1.5.1. Source: https://diskominfomc.kalselprov.go.id/2017/03/13/jalan-jalan-ke-museum-lambung-mangkurat-kalimantan-selatan/

2.3.2. Historical Monuments

2.3.2.1. West Kalimantan

2.3.2.1.1. Source: https://www.tripadvisor.co.id/Attractions-g2301799-Activities-c47-t17-West_Kalimantan_Kalimantan.html

2.3.2.2. East Kalimantan

2.3.2.2.1. Source: https://kaltimtoday.co/5-tempat-bersejarah-di-kalimantan-timur/

2.3.2.3. Central Kalimantan

2.3.2.3.1. Source: https://semuatentangprovinsi.blogspot.com/2020/08/bangunan-peninggalan-sejarah-di-provinsi-kalimantan-tengah.html

2.3.2.4. North Kalimantan

2.3.2.4.1. Source: https://semuatentangprovinsi.blogspot.com/2020/09/bangunan-peninggalan-sejarah-di-kaltara.html

2.3.2.5. South Kalimantan

2.3.2.5.1. Source: https://semuatentangprovinsi.blogspot.com/2020/08/bangunan-peninggalan-sejarah-di-kalsel.html

2.3.3. Myths

2.3.3.1. West Kalimantan

2.3.3.1.1. Kota Orang Berhati Bersih

2.3.3.1.2. Origin of The Name Pontianak

2.3.3.2. East Kalimantan

2.3.3.2.1. Giant Serpent of Mahakam River

2.3.3.2.2. Hornbill Bird

2.3.3.2.3. Drinking Water from Mahakam River

2.3.3.3. Central Kalimantan

2.3.3.3.1. Ulin Forest

2.3.3.3.2. Pesangrahan Tjilik Riwut

2.3.3.4. North Kalimantan

2.3.3.4.1. Myths From Tidung Tribe

2.3.3.5. South Kalimantan

2.3.3.5.1. Saranjana City

2.3.3.5.2. Sanja Kuning

3. GROUP 5 (Sumatra )

3.1. Custom and Traditions (Suci)

3.1.1. North Sumatra: 1. Traditional house: Jabu Bolon, Siwaluh Jabu, Omo Sebua, etc. 2. Traditional clothing: Ulos, Oroba Si Oli, etc. 3. Traditional dance: Tor-tor, Serampang dua belas, etc 4. Traditional ceremony: Mangongkal Holi source: https://imujio.com/kebudayaan-sumatera-utara/ https://www.shopback.co.id/katashopback/5-tradisi-sumatra-unik-yang-bikin-indonesia-kaya

3.1.2. Aceh: 1. Traditional home: Romah Aceh 2. Traditional clothing: Ulee Balang 3. Traditional dance: Saman, Seudati, Tarek Pukat, etc 4. Traditional ceremony: Peusijuek, Meugang, Troen u Blang, etc source: https://factsofindonesia.com/traditions-in-aceh-indonesia

3.1.3. Riau: 1. Traditional house: Limas Potong, Lontik, and Salaso 2. Traditional clothing: Teluk Belanga and Baju Kurung 3. Traditional dance: Tandak, Melemang, etc 4. Traditional ceremony: Belian, Balimau Kasai, Merisik, etc. source: https://kesbangpol.riau.go.id/media.php?p=detail_artikel&id=252 https://kumparan.com/berita-terkini/5-upacara-adat-riau-yang-masih-dilestarikan-oleh-masyarakatnya-1yYv3Nz3u4X/full

3.1.4. Nganggung Tradition - Bangka Belitung source: kompasiana.com/vivi53598/60c4f4c68ede48219e557c1c/budaya-nagnggung-bangka-belitung

3.1.5. Sedekah Rame - South Sumatra source: https://kumparan.com/berita-terkini/3-upacara-adat-sumatera-selatan-yang-unik-1yZ1TOStkj7/full

3.1.6. West Sumatra: 1. Traditional house: Rumah Gadang 2. Traditional clothing: Panghulu, Bundo Kanduang, etc. 3. Traditional dance: Piring, Salendang, Rantak, etc. 4. Traditional ceremony: Tabuik source: https://imujio.com/kebudayaan-sumatera-barat/ https://jurnalbpnbsumbar.kemdikbud.go.id/index.php/penelitian/article/view/70

3.1.7. Kepulauan Riau: 1. Traditional house: Belah Bubung, Lipat Pandan, etc 2. Traditional clothing: Cekak Musang, Kurung Keke, Telepuk, etc 3. Traditional dance: Alu, Betabik, etc 4. Traditional ceremony: Haul Jamak, Malam Tujuh Likur, etc. source: https://www.wikiwand.com/id/Budaya_Kepulauan_Riau

3.1.8. Kedurai Agung - Bengkulu source: https://seringjalan.com/5-upacara-adat-bengkulu-yang-masih-sering-dilakukan/

3.1.9. Malam Bainai - Jambi source: https://www.idntimes.com/life/inspiration/anoraga-ilafi/tradisi-jambi-c1c2?page=all

3.1.10. Gawi/ Begawi - Lampung source: https://genpi.id/begawi-adat-lampung/

3.2. Myths

3.2.1. The Goldfish Source: https://www.indoindians.com/stories-and-myths-from-lake-toba-sumatra/

3.2.2. Balum Bili Antu Banyu Begu Banjang https://www.sonora.id/read/422954689/6-makhluk-mitologi-di-sumatera-yang-paling-terkenal?page=2

3.2.3. Gano, Kerajaan Gaib, Legenda Tujuh Hantu, Rumah Ikan Duyungn Source: https://www.idntimes.com/travel/destination/naufal-al-rahman-1/sungai-mistis-di-pulau-sumatra?page=all

3.3. Cultural Values

3.3.1. Aceh

3.3.1.1. Source: Aceh Cultural Elements in the Settlement Context (pdf) https://www.tribunnews.com/tribunners/2016/05/15/uniknya-budaya-makan-di-aceh

3.3.2. North Sumatra

3.3.2.1. Source: https://klipaa.com/story/306-sosial-budaya-sumatera-utara

3.3.3. West Sumatra

3.3.3.1. Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/West_Sumatra

3.3.4. Riau

3.3.4.1. Source: https://www.ranahriau.com/berita-2903-hhmm-ternyata-tradisi-budaya-melayu-banyak-macam-nya-diantaranya-ini.html

3.3.5. Kepulauan Riau

3.3.5.1. Source: https://egindo.com/mengenal-provinsi-kepulauan-riau-kebudayaan-beserta-keseniannya/

3.3.6. Bangka Belitung

3.3.6.1. Source: file:///C:/Users/User/Downloads/935-Production%20file-1890-3-10-20200805.pdf

3.3.7. Bengkulu

3.3.7.1. Source: file:///C:/Users/User/Downloads/725-1448-1-SM.pdf

3.3.8. Jambi

3.3.8.1. Source: https://rimbakita.com/suku-anak-dalam/

3.3.9. Lampung

3.3.9.1. Source: https://123dok.com/article/nilai-nilai-budaya-lampung-landasan-teori.eqojmd7z

3.3.10. South Sumatra

3.3.10.1. Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/South_Sumatra

3.4. History Momentums (Marvel)

3.4.1. Sriwijaya empire(650-1377)

3.4.2. majapahit empire (1293-1527)

3.4.3. samudrapasai kingdom (1267-1524)

3.4.4. kingdom of Aceh(1496-1904)

3.4.5. zheng he voyage to palembang (1424)

3.4.6. padri war (1803-1838)

3.4.7. british occupation (1811-1816)

3.4.8. krakatau eruption (1883)

3.4.9. the Dutch succeed in conquering Sumatra with the fall of Aceh (1905)

3.4.10. PKI rebelion (1926)

3.5. Religions

3.5.1. 1 Islam 66,43% 2 Kristen 26,8% 3 Katolik 4,3% 4 Buddha 2,33% 5 Hindu 0,11% 6 Aliran Kepercayaan 0,03% 7 Konghucu 0,01%

3.5.1.1. https://databoks.katadata.co.id/datapublish/2022/03/09/mayoritas-penduduk-sumatera-utara-beragama-islam-pada-2021

3.6. Languages

3.6.1. There are 52+ languages spoken in Sumatra, based on https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sumatra#:~:text=Like%20all%20parts%20of%20Indonesia,Sumatra%2C%20especially%20in%20urban%20area. 26 languages: https://bahasawan.id/t/nama-bahasa-daerah-di-provinsi-sumatra-26-bahasa/435

3.7. Facts

3.7.1. geography

3.7.2. population

3.8. Beliefs

3.8.1. Parmalim (Suku Batak)

3.9. Artefacts

3.9.1. hindu budist era

3.9.2. islam kingdom era

3.9.3. Deutch occupation

4. Nunusaku, is a sacred place, on top of a mountain in the middle of the wilderness of Seram Island.

5. GROUP 6 (Papua)

5.1. Marvel Timotius Purnama

5.1.1. Facts

5.1.1.1. https://www.faktadaerah.com/2017/11/provinsi-papua-dan-14-fakta-yang-harus.html

5.1.2. Religions

5.1.2.1. Direktorat Jenderal Dinas Kependudukan dan Catatan Sipil (Dukcapil) Kementerian Dalam Negeri melaporkan jumlah penduduk Papua pada Juni 2021 sebanyak 4,31 juta jiwa. Dari jumlah tersebut, sebanyak 2,99 juta jiwa (69,54%) penduduk Papua beragama Kristen. Kemudian, Katholik menjadi agama mayoritas kedua di Papua dengan jumlah 676,71 ribu jiwa (15,71%) dan Islam agama yang paling banyak dianut ketiga dengan total 627,78 ribu jiwa (14,57%). Sementara sisanya pemeluk agama lain, di antaranya sebanyak 3,14 ribu jiwa (0,07%) beragama Hindu, 2,08 ribu jiwa (0,05%) beragama Budha, 80 orang beragama Konghucu (0,00%), dan 2,86 ribu jiwa (0,07%) penduduk Papua yang menganut aliran kepercayaan. Source: https://databoks.katadata.co.id/datapublish/2021/09/16/mayoritas-penduduk-papua-beragama-kristen

5.1.3. Language

5.1.3.1. Terdapat lebih dari 270 bahasa di Papua bagian barat (provinsi Papua dan Papua Barat). Nama-nama mereka terbentuk dari sejarah panjang Papua, termasuk pada masa kolonialisme, dan juga interaksi dengan suku-suku di sekitarnya, interaksi dengan badan-badan zending, dan aktivitas-aktivitas non-ilmiah lainnya. Hasilnya sering kali membuat nama-nama bahasa di Papua membingungkan para peneliti. Source: https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daftar_bahasa_di_Papua#Nama_bahasa

5.2. Richie Yohanes

5.2.1. Artefacts

5.2.1.1. Kapak batu suku Sentani Source: https://www.cnnindonesia.com/edukasi/20171019113732-445-249430/menuntut-artefak-papua-yang-disimpan-di-eropa

5.2.1.2. Batu alat masak Source: https://tekno.tempo.co/read/1487491/arkeolog-papua-temukan-artefak-batu-alat-masak-peninggalan-megalitikum

5.2.1.3. Vas bunga dan manik-manik dari abad VI Source: https://news.detik.com/berita/d-3095856/ini-peninggalan-unik-dari-abad-vi-yang-ditemukan-di-papua

5.2.1.4. Pecahan gerabah prasejarah motif buaya dan bandul jala Source: https://kumparan.com/bumi-papua/temuan-artefak-prasejarah-di-danau-sentani-dukung-obyek-wisata-papua-1s6yY4rTczQ/1

5.2.2. Historical Momentum

5.2.2.1. Organisasi Papua Merdeka konflik dengan pemerintahan Indonesia Source : https://www.bbc.com/indonesia/indonesia-46539502

5.2.2.2. Konflik bersenjata, anak kecil jadi korban Source: https://www.bbc.com/indonesia/indonesia-59456672

5.2.3. Myths

5.2.3.1. Mountain myths Source: https://www.pngattitude.com/2018/12/mountain-myths-from-papua-new-guinea.html

5.2.3.2. 1. Papua masih tertinggal 2. Orang Papua menyeramkan 3. Semua orang di Papua masih menggunakan koteka 4. Kanibalisme Source: https://www.liputan6.com/regional/read/3868534/mitos-dan-fakta-tentang-papua

5.3. Septillia

5.3.1. Cultural Values

5.3.2. Custom traditions

5.3.3. Beliefs

6. GROUP 2 (BALI)

6.1. Custom & Traditions

6.1.1. Custom: 1. Regarding posture & gestures 2. During visiting 3. How to behave at the table Source: http://www.balilocalguide.com/en/travel-guide/article/customs-traditions

6.1.2. Traditions: 1. Makare - kare 2. Omed - omedan 3. Mekotek 4. Ngaben 5. Melasti dll. Source: https://www.balitoursclub.net/tradisi-unik-di-bali/ https://blog.tiket.com/upacara-adat-di-bali/

6.2. Myths

6.2.1. 1. Stepping On Offerings Is Bad Luck 2. There is eternal holy water, a snake that grants all requests and there is also a ban when traveling to Tanah Lot Temple. 3. for a couples come to Pine Waterfall, their relationship will last until they become grandparents. 4. It is forbidden to climb the great mountain when a family dies, it is still said to be dirty and can bring disaster. 5. It is prohibited to whistle at night, said to be able to invite spirits. sources: - https://indonesia.tripcanvas.co/bali/balinese-myths-debunked/ - https://factsofindonesia.com/myths-in-bali

6.3. Facts

6.3.1. 1. There are two active volcanoes on Bali. 2. Bali has a UNESCO World Heritage Site. 3. Balinese people are predominantly Hindu. 4. The Balinese make daily offerings. 5. Balinese New Year is a day of silence. (known as nyepi) 6.Bali is one of the world’s most budget-friendly destinations. 7.“Hello” in Balinese is “Om swastiastu.” source: https://passionsandplaces.com/2021/05/21/interesting-facts-about-bali-indonesia/

6.4. Cultural Values

6.4.1. About maintaining a harmonious relationship with the natural environment including people and God. Reflected on Balinese way of life (1), traditions (2) and agriculture (3) Source: https://www.viceroybali.com/en/blog/bali-activities/balinese-culture/#:~:text=The%20Balinese%20people%20follow%20a,nature%20are%20influenced%20by%20spirit

6.4.1.1. (1) Manusa Yadya, Ceremony to celebrate birth(a) , puberty, maturity(b), marriage(c) and death of a person.

6.4.1.2. (2) Hari Raya Galungan to commemorate the creation of the universe and all its contents. And (2) Hari Raya Kuningan to ask for safety and protection from spirits such as Gods, Bhataras and Pitaras.

6.4.1.3. (3) Sesajen made out of natural materials offered to spirits daily as means to ask for peace and balance with the spirits.

6.5. Historical Momentums

6.5.1. Under the rule of Majapahit in 1343 until the empire was overthrown by Muslims in 1478 But unlike the rest of Indonesia that is islamicized or Christianized, Bali maintains as a Hindu concentrated kingdom. Dutch seamen were first Europeans to land in Bali in 1800 but they have no interest in it because it didnt have any important tradeable goods until later when they seek for colonial territory. Source: https://factsanddetails.com/indonesia/Minorities_and_Regions/sub6_3h/entry-4021.html

6.5.1.1. Puputan, a Balinese term for mass ritual suicide in preference to facing the humiliation of surrender, occrured when the Balinese were being subjagated by the Dutch in 1906. The massacre from killing self or killing each other, glorified as an exmaple of resistance to foreign aggression. World War 2 brought in the Japanese which expelled the Dutch from 1942-1945 before Indonesia declared independence.

6.5.1.1.1. There was a tourism boom on the 1970 and is not slowed down despite the Asian financial crisies in 1990 and Bali bombing in 2002. Dozens of new roads were built and resorts were developed as the province relied more heavily on tourism.

6.6. Artefacts

6.6.1. 1. Prasasti Blanjong 2. Prasasti Panglapuan 3. Prasasti Anak Wungsu 4. Pura Agung Besakih 5. Candi Padas 6. Candi Mangening 7. Candi Wasan Source: https://www.cnnindonesia.com/nasional/20210603102554-31-649801/kerajaan-bali-sejarah-raja-terkenal-dan-jejak-peninggalan

6.7. Religions

6.7.1. While nearly nine-tenths of Indonesia embraces Islam, over 83% of Bali's population today are proud Hindus and wear their religion with pride. source: https://www.journeyingtheglobe.com/religions-in-bali/ https://bali.suara.com/read/2021/10/23/124221/apa-saja-agama-di-bali-benarkah-mayoritas-hindu

6.8. Beliefs

6.8.1. Balinese people follow a type of Hinduism, called as Hindu Dharma. They believe that we are surrounded by good and evil spirits and the elements of mother nature are influenced by them. So Balinese must show equal consideration and respect to both of them. Sources: https://www.furama.com/vanilla/insiders/cultures-beliefs-and-traditions-of-bali https://www.okdiversbali.com/blog/balinese-ceremonies-rituals

6.8.1.1. Honking two times to pay respect when driving past large trees with sarong wrapped around them (indicates that it houses a spirit)

6.8.1.2. A habit of applying few rice grains between their eyebrows where the "chakra" is located, to bring good fortune and prosperity

6.8.1.3. Wearing fragipani flowers, symbol of the Siwa God, tucked on the hair or ear as it symbolized enlightenment and kindness.

6.9. Languages

6.9.1. Balinese is the native language of Bali and is also spoken in neighboring areas of Nusa Penida and parts of Lombok and Java. Spoken by approximately 3.3 million people, Balinese is currently restricted to oral use and informal communication between families. source: https://www.holidify.com/pages/languages-in-bali-1167.html

7. NUSA TENGGARA

7.1. Myths

7.1.1. NTT

7.1.1.1. Loke Nggerang source: https://www.kompasiana.com/alfredhodanatalalcantara/5529e4e4f17e61c435d62484/kisah-loke-nggerang Jika elang mengeluarkan suara di malam hari, maka dalam waktu dekat akan terjadi pembunuhan. source: https://wanibesakc.blogspot.com/2019/03/berbagai-mitos-aneh-dan-unik-di-ntt.html

7.1.2. NTB

7.1.2.1. Folklore of Batu Golog source: https://folkloreforkids.blogspot.com/p/west-nusa-tenggara.html Ilmu hitam Selaq https://news.detik.com/berita/d-5135516/mitos-selaq-ilmu-hitam-yang-bikin-anjing-dikubur-hidup-hidup-di-ntb

7.2. Historical Monument

7.2.1. NTT

7.2.1.1. https://www.inspirock.com/indonesia/historical-places-in-east-nusa-tenggara Wae Rebo Village Ngada, Bajawa Watublabi Weaving Village Tololela Cultural Village https://www.indonesia-tourism.com/east-nusa-tenggara/seroja_monument.html The nuance Seroja Monument

7.2.2. NTB

7.2.2.1. https://www.inspirock.com/indonesia/historical-places-in-west-nusa-tenggara Batu Bolong Temple Malimbulu Hill Masjid Agung Baithurrahman Senaru Village https://www.tripadvisor.com/Attractions-g297732-Activities-c47-t26-West_Nusa_Tenggara.html Statue of Princess Mandalika Nest Statues Jason de Caires Taylo

7.3. Religion

7.3.1. NTT

7.3.1.1. 89.8% Christianity —53.6% Catholicism —36.2% Protestantism 9.4% Islam 0.8% other https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/East_Nusa_Tenggara

7.3.2. NTB

7.3.2.1. 96.8% Islam 2.4% Hinduism 0.8% othe rhttps://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=2ahUKEwju-uimjZz6AhX64DgGHZw8D_AQFnoECAQQAw&url=https%3A%2F%2Fen.wikipedia.org%2Fwiki%2FWest_Nusa_Tenggara&usg=AOvVaw2X8SlsKoh-mw0Xm6NRCcm-

7.4. Malika

7.4.1. Facts

7.4.1.1. NTT

7.4.1.1.1. East Nusa Tenggara is an archipelagic province consisting of 1,192 islands​

7.4.1.1.2. The five large islands in NTT are known as 'Flobamorata' which consists of the islands of Flores, Sumba, Timor, Alor and Lembata.​

7.4.1.1.3. The capital of East Nusa Tenggara (NTT) is Kupang City​

7.4.1.1.4. The Province with the majority of Christians​

7.4.1.1.5. Ancient Religion : Marapu Religion (Sumba Island) and Jing Tiu Religion (Sabu Island)

7.4.1.1.6. Two beautiful islands: Komodo Island and Sumba Island (Tanah Marapu)​

7.4.1.1.7. Pink Beach: the most beautiful beach on the world​

7.4.1.1.8. Komodo Dragons​

7.4.1.1.9. Danau 3 Warna: Danau Kelimitu

7.4.1.2. NTB

7.4.1.2.1. The capital of West Nusa Tenggara (NTB) is Mataram City​

7.4.1.2.2. Consists of two islands: Lombok and Sumbawa​

7.4.1.2.3. The Province with the majority of Muslims​

7.4.1.2.4. Lombok is the island of a thousand mosques

7.4.1.2.5. Nihiwatu Beach: the most beatiful beach in the world​

7.4.1.2.6. Ancient Religion : Marapu Religion (Sumba Island), Jing Tiu Religion (Sabu Island), and Halaik Religion in Timor​

7.4.1.2.7. The majority of the population in the province of West Nusa Tenggara are local indigenous tribes, including the Sasak, Bima, Sumbawa, Dompu and etc.

7.4.2. Custom & Traditions

7.4.2.1. NTT

7.4.2.1.1. Belis, Dowry tradition in Sumba​

7.4.2.1.2. Wae Rebo Traditional Ceremony​

7.4.2.1.3. Se’i, Daging Asap Khas Rote​

7.4.2.1.4. Ritus Pasola

7.4.2.2. NTB

7.4.2.2.1. Traditional Lombok weddings known as "merarik" or pelarian.​

7.4.2.2.2. Tradition to Sumba people called Hongi or Ciuman Hidung​

7.4.2.2.3. Sade traditional house from the Sasak tribet​

7.4.2.2.4. The traditional clothing of the Sasak tribe called Lambung

7.4.3. Cultural Values

7.4.3.1. NTT

7.4.3.1.1. Helong tribe from Semau Island have long tradtion in inviting people to funerals​

7.4.3.1.2. Having harmonious life with other people

7.4.3.1.3. Lepa Bura Traditional Ceremony: tribute to the ancestors for the protection and blessings​

7.4.3.1.4. Reba Traditional Ceremony: Gratitude to God for the blessings earned in the previous year

7.4.3.2. NTB

7.4.3.2.1. Mbolo Weki from Bima Tribe: strengthening relation between families​

7.4.3.2.2. Mengayu-Ayu a ceremony in lombok to be grateful the earth

7.4.3.2.3. Ampe fare tradition from Bima tribe: gratitude to God Almighty for the success of harvests.

7.4.3.2.4. Peta Kepanca tradition from Bima tribe: a ritual for the bride to be a good wife.

7.5. Azka

7.5.1. Religions (by Population)

7.5.1.1. NTT

7.5.1.1.1. Islam (520000)

7.5.1.1.2. Katolik (2952000)

7.5.1.1.3. Kristen (2000000)

7.5.1.1.4. Budha (384)

7.5.1.1.5. Hindu (5700)

7.5.1.1.6. Konghucu (22)

7.5.1.2. NTB

7.5.1.2.1. Islam (5300000)

7.5.1.2.2. Katolik (10000)

7.5.1.2.3. Kristen (13600)

7.5.1.2.4. Budha (16900)

7.5.1.2.5. Hindu (131000)

7.5.1.2.6. Konghucu (46)

7.5.2. Artifacts

7.5.2.1. Chopper

7.5.2.2. Axe Head

7.5.2.3. Sasando

7.5.3. Languages

7.5.3.1. 73 Languages Alive

7.5.3.2. Top used languages (by population)

7.5.3.2.1. Sasak (2.1 million)

7.5.3.2.2. Manggarai (500 thousand)

7.5.3.2.3. Bima (500 thousand)

7.5.3.2.4. Uab Meto (586 thousand)

7.5.3.2.5. Sumbawa (300 thousand)

7.5.3.2.6. Lewotobi (289 thousand)

8. GROUP 1 (SULAWESI) TOLONG JANGAN DELETe

8.1. Rojan

8.1.1. Facts

8.1.1.1. Geography

8.1.1.1.1. Areas

8.1.1.1.2. Famous Places

8.1.1.2. People

8.1.1.2.1. Suku Bajau (Sea Gypises): Suku Bajau are called the Sea gypsies in English. Suku Bajau can be found in some islands of Malaysia and Philipines as well.

8.1.1.2.2. Suku Toraja: They are known for death rituals and ancestral worship. They believe that the dead live among us.

8.1.1.2.3. Minahasa People: These people are also known as the people from Manado.

8.1.2. Language

8.1.2.1. In Sulawesi, they speak Bahasa Indonesia and 114 dialects

8.1.3. Religions

8.1.3.1. Islam is the majority religion

8.1.3.2. Hinduism comes in at second place

8.1.3.3. Third, Christianity and Catolicism

8.2. Stella

8.2.1. Area

8.2.1.1. North Sulawesi

8.2.1.1.1. Beliefs

8.2.1.1.2. Cultural Values

8.2.1.1.3. Historical Momentums

8.2.1.2. Central Sulawesi

8.2.1.2.1. Beliefs

8.2.1.2.2. Cultural Values

8.2.1.2.3. Historical Momentums

8.2.1.3. West Sulawesi

8.2.1.3.1. Beliefs

8.2.1.3.2. Cultural Values

8.2.1.3.3. Historical Momentums

8.2.1.4. South Sulawesi

8.2.1.4.1. Beliefs

8.2.1.4.2. Cultural Values

8.2.1.4.3. Historical Momentums

8.2.1.5. Southeast Sulawesi

8.2.1.5.1. Beliefs

8.2.1.5.2. Cultural values

8.2.1.5.3. Historical Momentums

8.3. Daffa

8.3.1. North Sulawesi

8.3.1.1. Custom Traditions

8.3.1.1.1. Traditional Dance: Maengket. Source: https://kumparan.com/berita-update/tari-maengket-sejarah-asal-daerah-dan-makna-gerakannya-1xW8FRVTXAF/full

8.3.1.1.2. Custom Home: Walewangko. Source: https://www.kompas.com/skola/read/2021/01/22/140000669/rumah-walewangko-rumah-adat-minahasa-?page=all#:~:text=KOMPAS.com%20%2D%20Rumah%20adat%20Sulawesi,Pewaris%20digolongkan%20sebagai%20rumah%20panggung

8.3.1.1.3. Traditional Ceremony: Mekiwuka. Source: https://travel.okezone.com/read/2017/12/26/406/1836049/mekiwuka-tradisi-menyambut-tahun-baru-di-manado

8.3.1.2. Myths

8.3.1.2.1. "Tondano Lake that was Formed from Love Story" Source: https://sulut.inews.id/berita/cerita-rakyat-sulawesi-utara-legenda-danau-tondano

8.3.1.2.2. "Dancing Statues" Source: https://keepo.me/viral/mitos-patung-yang-menari-saat-tengah-malam-di-sulut/

8.3.1.3. Artefacts

8.3.1.3.1. Lebbing. Source: https://www.kompasiana.com/wurihandoko7905/5faf5dda8ede482e6d43d352/lebbing-budaya-benda-penanda-identitas-masyarakat-kepulauan-sangihe-sulawesi-utara?page=2&page_images=1

8.3.2. Central Sulawesi

8.3.2.1. Custom Traditions

8.3.2.1.1. Traditional Ceremony: Nokeso Source: https://sulsel.idntimes.com/life/education/ahmad-hidayat-alsair/mengenal-nokeso-tradisi-melepas-masa-remaja-di-sulawesi-tengah

8.3.2.1.2. Custom Home: Tambi. Source: https://www.detik.com/edu/detikpedia/d-5792563/7-keunikan-rumah-adat-tambi-asal-sulawesi-tengah

8.3.2.1.3. Traditional Dance: Dero. Source: https://palu.tribunnews.com/2022/03/14/tari-dero-khas-suku-pamona-sulawesi-tengah-ungkapan-rasa-syukur-atas-pemberian-tuhan

8.3.2.2. Myths

8.3.2.2.1. Jalimoo Snake. Source: https://www.sultengnews.com/ular-jalimoo-dalam-cerita-suku-kaili-antara-mitos-dan-kenyataan-namun-punya-pesan-moral-luar-biasa/

8.3.2.2.2. Wentira City. Source: https://www.sonora.id/read/423087682/kisah-misterius-kota-wentira-kerajaan-gaib-yang-masyarakatnya-kaya-raya-dan-bangunan-berlapiskan-emas

8.3.2.3. Artefacts

8.3.2.3.1. Megalithic Site Pokekea at Lore Lindu Valley. Source: https://www.merdeka.com/travel/menyusuri-pokekea-di-lore-lindu-situs-megalitikum-tertua-di-indonesia.html

8.3.3. South Sulawesi

8.3.3.1. Custom traditions

8.3.3.1.1. Traditional Ceremony: Ma'Nene. Source: https://www.liputan6.com/news/read/4533804/manene-dan-tradisi-mayat-berjalan-di-tana-toraja

8.3.3.1.2. Custom Home: Tongkonan. Source: https://www.gramedia.com/literasi/rumah-adat-tongkonan/

8.3.3.1.3. Traditional Dance: "Pagellu" Source: https://seringjalan.com/makna-dan-sejarah-tari-ma-gellu/

8.3.3.2. Myths

8.3.3.2.1. Creature: Pakarang. Source: https://www.ketiknews.id/ragam-indonesia/pr-3013226582/menguak-mitos-parakang-makhluk-jadi-jadian-asal-sulawesi-selatan

8.3.3.2.2. "Crocodiles are Human Descendants" Source: https://www.detik.com/sulsel/budaya/d-5939581/asal-usul-buaya-diyakini-keturunan-manusia-dalam-mitos-bugis-makassar

8.3.3.2.3. "Uang Panaik" Source: https://repository.unej.ac.id/handle/123456789/70796

8.3.3.3. Artefacts

8.3.3.3.1. Megalithic Statue. Source: https://nasional.tempo.co/read/383045/arca-megalitik-ditemukan-di-sulawesi-selatan

8.3.3.3.2. Earthenware. Source: https://makassar.tribunnews.com/2021/06/04/tembikar-artefak-yang-ditemukan-di-situs-situs-arkeologi-seko-dan-rampi-luwu-utara

8.3.4. West Sulawesi

8.3.4.1. Custom Traditions

8.3.4.1.1. Traditional Ceremony: Cakkuriri. Source: https://kumparan.com/berita-terkini/mengenal-berbagai-upacara-adat-sulawesi-barat-yang-unik-dan-indah-1yYc3WJQQWu/4

8.3.4.1.2. Custom Home: Boyang. Source: https://www.kompas.com/skola/read/2021/01/27/131500769/rumah-boyang-rumah-adat-suku-mandar-sulawesi-barat?page=all

8.3.4.1.3. Traditional Dance: Bulu Londong. Source: https://seringjalan.com/asal-usul-dan-sejarah-tari-bulu-londong/

8.3.4.2. Myths

8.3.4.2.1. "Mandar Old Well that cannot Dry" Source: https://www.liputan6.com/regional/read/3987004/mitos-sumur-tua-peninggalan-puang-langgarang-tak-bisa-kering

8.3.4.3. Artefacts

8.3.4.3.1. NO INFORMATION

8.3.5. Southeast Sulawesi

8.3.5.1. Custom Traditions

8.3.5.1.1. Traditional Ceremony: Mosehe. Source: https://sulsel.idntimes.com/life/education/ahmad-hidayat-alsair/upacara-adat-mosehe-di-sultra-penolak-bala-hingga-penjaga-perdamaian

8.3.5.1.2. Custom Home: Banua Tada. Source: https://regional.kompas.com/read/2022/03/20/200023178/mengenal-rumah-banua-tada-di-sulawesi-tenggara-keunikan-bentuk-dan-bahan?page=all

8.3.5.1.3. Traditional Dance: Balumpa. Source: https://warisanbudaya.kemdikbud.go.id/?newdetail&detailTetap=2596#:~:text=Tari%20balumpa%20merupakan%20salah%20satu,dengan%20hati%20gembira%20dan%20tulus .

8.3.5.2. Myths

8.3.5.2.1. Submerged Village and Sacred Shrimp in Togo Motonu Lake. Source: https://travel.kompas.com/read/2016/08/24/100500727/Mitos.Kampung.Tenggelam.dan.Udang.Keramat.di.Danau.Togo.Motonu

8.3.5.3. Artefacts

8.3.5.3.1. NO INFORMATION

9. JAWA

9.1. Custom and Tradition

9.1.1. Banten

9.1.1.1. 1. Debus 2. Ngariung 3. Ngeropok 4. Ziarah Source: https://travel.okezone.com/read/2021/08/27/25/2462219/menarik-ini-tradisi-unik-budaya-masyarakat-banten

9.1.2. DKI Jakarta

9.1.2.1. 1. Nyorog 2. Ondel-ondel 3. Silat beksi 4. Palang pintu Source: https://megapolitan.okezone.com/read/2020/02/11/338/2166461/mengenal-7-tradisi-unik-ciri-khas-betawi?page=1

9.1.3. West Java

9.1.3.1. 1. Traditional Processings Leading Up to Marriage: Neundeun Omong, Ngalamar, Seserahan 2. Traditional Processings After the Marriage Ceremony: Munjungan/sungkeman, Sawer Ceremony (Nyawer), The Nincak Endog Ceremony, The Door Opening Ceremony, Huap Lingkung Ceremony 3. Traditional Ceremonies during Pregnancy: The Ceremony of Conceiving Four Months, Tingkeban (Seven Months), Nine Months Age, Reuneuh Mundingeun 4. Birth and Infancy Ceremony: The Ceremony of Maintaining Tembuni, Earth Nenjrag, Puput Puser, Ekah Ceremony, Nurunkeun 5. Ceremony of Death: One day of death (poena), three days (tiluna), seven days (seven days), 40 days (matangty), one hundred days (nyatus), one year (mendak), and one thousand days (nyewu) 6. Traditional Farming: Seren Taun Traditional Ceremony, The Traditional Sugar Cane Marriage Ceremony, Ampih Pare Traditional Ceremony, Ngarot Traditional Ceremony, The Earth Alms Traditional Ceremony, The Traditional Ceremony of the Sea Feast Source: https://indonesia.mediatravelling.com/2021/09/know-more-about-west-java-customs-and.html

9.1.4. Central Java

9.1.4.1. 1. Syawalan 2. Sadranan (Sadran) 3. Selikuran 4. Muludan (Maulid Nabi SAW) 5. Grebeg 6. Sekaten 7. Siraman 8. Padusan 9. Mendak Kematian 10. Nyewu 11. Upacara Ruwatan 12. Upacara Kenduren 13. Kebo–Keboan 14. Larung Sesaji 15. Ngapati 16. Mitoni 17. Dugderan 18. Wetonan (Wedalan) 19. Popokan Source: https://satrianesia.com/tradisi-budaya-jawa-tengah/

9.1.5. DI Yogyakarta

9.1.5.1. 1. Sekaten Ceremony 2. Grebeg Maulud Ceremony 3. Cupu Panjalo Ceremony 4. Siraman Pusaka Ceremony 5. Bekakak Ceremony 6. Tunggul Wulung Ceremony 7. Labuhan Pantai Ceremony 8. Tumplak Wajik Ceremony 9. Saparan Wonolelo Ceremony Source: https://factsofindonesia.com/culture-of-yogyakarta

9.1.6. East Java

9.1.6.1. 1. Mayang Kubro in Mojokerto Regency 2. Nyadar in Sumenep Regency 3. Nyadran in Sidoarjo . Regency 4. Larung Offerings in Blitar and Magetan Regencies 5. Tumpeng Sewu by the Osing Tribe in Banyuwangi Source: https://portalgis.com/all-things-about-east-java-tradition-and-culture.html#:~:text=Customs%20and%20Traditions%20East%20Javanese%20traditions%2C%20as%20in,reinforcements%20to%20avoid%20the%20threat%20of%20Bathara%20Kala .

9.2. Myths

9.2.1. Banten

9.2.1.1. 1. The myth of the sacred and holy figures: Wali Beji or Kyai Beji 2. The myths of the sacred places: Batu Qur’an, Tujuh Sumur 3. The myths of supernatural animals: Several people, especially the sacred and holy people such as saints and kyai, and certain charismatic figures, had supernatural pets which always accompanied them both during their life and after their death. Some people also believe that these magical animals will keep and protect their offsprings and will appear and show themselves at a certain time, especially when the people they protect need their help. The myths of supernatural beings or spirits: Wewe, dedemit, jintomang, buto ijo Source: https://interoperabilitas.perpusnas.go.id/record/detail/853446/moral-values-in-religious-myths-of-bantenese-society

9.2.2. DKI Jakarta

9.2.2.1. 1. The Legend of the Origin of the White Crocodile in Setu Babakan 2. The Story of a Pair of Kemayoran Warriors 3. Murtado Macan Kemayoran 4. Si Jampang 5. The Story of Prince Sharif Source: https://folkloreforkids.blogspot.com/p/jakarta.html

9.2.3. West Java

9.2.3.1. 1. Telaga Warna Legend 2. Sangkuriang 3. Lutung Kasarung 4. Si Kabayan 5. The History of Cianjur 6. Situ Bagendit 7. The Origin of Girilawungan 8. Ciung Wanara 9. The Legend of Mount Tampomas 10. The Story of Prabu Panggung Keraton 11. The Origins of Nyi Roro Kidul 12. The Origin of Paddy 13. Nyai Anteh the Watcher of the Moon 14. The Origin of Pulau Mas 15. The Story of Nyi Mas Belimbing Source: https://folkloreforkids.blogspot.com/p/west-java.html

9.2.4. Central Java

9.2.4.1. 1. Timun Emas 2. Jaka Tarub 3. Ande-Ande Lumut 4. The Origin of Rawa Pening 5. The Origin of Baturaden 6. The Origin of Nyi Roro Kidul 7. The Origin of Sikidang Crater 8. Roro Jongrang Source: https://factsofindonesia.com/central-javas-folktales

9.2.5. DI Yogyakarta

9.2.5.1. 1. The Dragon of South Sea 2. Nyi Roro Kidul 3. Don’t go to Ratu Boko with your significant other 4. Don’t go to Prambanan Temple with your significant other Source: https://thetruthbehind.tv/myths-in-yogyakarta-the-dragon-of-south-sea/ and https://blog.qtiket.com/2019/12/mitos-pantangan-di-yogyakarta.html

9.2.6. East Java

9.2.6.1. 1. Raden Inu Kertapati 2. Aryo Menak 3. The Origin of the Banyuwangi City 4. Joko Dolog 5. The Origin of the Name of Surabaya City 6. Damar Wulan and Menak Jingga 7. Cindelaras 8. Gold Conch Source: https://talesofindonesia.blogspot.com/p/east-java.html

9.3. Facts

9.3.1. Banten

9.3.1.1. 1. Ratu Atut Chosiyah, former governor of Banten, is the first female governor in Indonesia 2. Has the most shoe factory in Indonesia 3. The newest province in Java (formed officially in the year 2000) 4. Baduy people, an indigenous Sundanese ethnic group, are native to the southeastern part of Banten 5. Serang is the capital city of Banten Source: https://www.faktadaerah.com/2017/11/fakta-provinsi-banten-yang-harus.html

9.3.2. DKI Jakarta

9.3.2.1. 1. The land size of Jakarta is 662.3 square kilometers (0.035% of Indonesia's total size) 2. About 1.2 million out of 11.2million people work in Jakarta don’t actually live in Jakarta 3. Despite the land size, the population of Jakarta represents 4% of the whole Indonesian population 4. Jakarta is the largest city in Indonesia, as well as in South-East Asia 5. Jakarta serves as the diplomatic capital of ASEAN 6. Jakarta is the capital city of Indonesia Source: https://www.indonesia-investments.com/id/news/todays-headlines/indonesian-cities-some-interesting-facts-about-jakarta/item8015#:~:text=Facts%20about%20Jakarta%3A%20The%20land%20size%20of%20Jakarta,during%20nighttime%20the%20figure%20falls%20to%2010.2%20million . and https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jakarta

9.3.3. West Java

9.3.3.1. 1. The capital city of West Java is Bandung 2. West Java covers 46,229 square kilometers of land 3. Has a population of about 47 million people, more than most countries in the world 4. Is primarily mountainous, with rich green valleys hugging lofty volcanic peaks 5. Is the native homeland of the Sundanese people, the second-largest ethnic group in Indonesia 6. Is the most populous province of Indonesia Source: https://factsanddetails.com/indonesia/Places/sub6_10c/entry-6764.html and https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/West_Java#:~:text=West%20Java%20is%20bordered%20by%20the%20province%20of,Sundanese%20people%2C%20the%20second-largest%20ethnic%20group%20in%20Indonesia .

9.3.4. Central Java

9.3.4.1. 1. Has its own calendar 2. Has a famous astrology called Weton 3. Has its own traditional script called “Aksara Jawa” 4. The capital city of West Java is Semarang 5. It has a total area of 32,800.69 km2, with a population of 36,516,035 at the 2020 Census 6. The third-most populous province in both Java and Indonesia Source: https://factsofindonesia.com/facts-about-java-indonesia and https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Central_Java

9.3.5. DI Yogyakarta

9.3.5.1. 1. A Royalty Region 2. One of the most favorite tourism destinations in Indonesia 3. The City of Scholars 4. Yogyakarta was once an Indonesia’s capital city 5. Yogyakarta has one of the highest HDI (Human Development Index) in Indonesia Source: https://factsofindonesia.com/interesting-facts-about-yogyakarta and https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yogyakarta#:~:text=Yogyakarta%20is%20the%20capital%20of%20the%20Yogyakarta%20Sultanate,of%20the%20Mataram%20Sultanate%20between%201587%20and%201613 .

9.3.6. East Java

9.3.6.1. 1. The Regional Language in East Java is Javanese 2. Indonesia's second-most-populous province 3. The capital city of East Java is Surabaya Source: https://multiculturalkidblogs.com/2021/01/11/fun-facts-east-java-indonesia/ and https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/East_Java#:~:text=East%20Java%20%28%20Indonesian%3A%20Jawa%20Timur%29%20is%20a,Strait%20to%20the%20east%20separates%20Java%20from%20Bali .

9.4. Cultural values

9.4.1. Banten

9.4.1.1. Motto "Leuweung Hejo, Rakyat Ngejo."

9.4.1.1.1. https://123dok.com/article/nilai-nilai-budaya-lokal-banten-perkuliahan-wijaya-sekolah.zgw4vn6

9.4.1.2. Jawara

9.4.1.2.1. el Harakah Vol. 17 No. 2 Tahun 2015

9.4.2. DKI Jakarta

9.4.2.1. Betawi

9.4.2.1.1. Life Philosophy: "Kids still learning the Qur'an, adolescents learning pencak silat (martial arts), and old pilgrimage (Hajj)"

9.4.2.1.2. Palang Pintu: The arts of silat, witty ryhmes, and reading scriptures.

9.4.3. West Java

9.4.3.1. Concept of 'Pamali' (prohibition).

9.4.3.1.1. Nalan (2020). Everything About West Java: Recognizing The Dynamics of West Java Cultural Heritage.

9.4.3.2. Sundanese

9.4.3.2.1. Masagi human concept: Cageur, bageur, bener, smarter, singer, wanter.

9.4.3.2.2. "Hana nguni hana mangke, tan hana nguni tan hana mangke" philosophy (there is a past, no future, no past, no future).

9.4.4. Central Java

9.4.4.1. "Sura Dira Jayaningrat, Lebur Dening Pangastuti" philosophy. (Stubborness and anger can only be defeated with a wise attitude, gentle, and patient.)

9.4.4.1.1. Rachmawati (2018). Menggali nilai filosofi budaya Jawa sebagai sumber karakter generasi milenial: Konseling SFBT.

9.4.4.2. "Aja Kuminter Mundak Keblinger, Aja Cidra Mundak Cilaka" philosophy - promotes humility and honesty.

9.4.5. DI Yogyakarta

9.4.5.1. "Eling Lan Waspodo" philosophy - emphasizes carefulness in living

9.4.5.1.1. https://www.wartajogja.id/2020/07/yogya-prioritaskan-local-wisom-hadapi.html

9.4.5.2. 'Sangkan Paran' concept

9.4.5.2.1. https://www.panggungharjo.desa.id/konsep-sangkan-paraning-dumadi-sebagai-falsafah-di-era-kontemporer

9.4.6. East Java

9.4.6.1. Madurese

9.4.6.1.1. "Bhupa', Bhabhu', Ghuru, Rato'" concept - emphasizes respect to the elderly.

9.4.6.2. Samin Tribe

9.4.6.2.1. 'Anger-anger' law: anger-anger pangucap, anger-anger pertikel, anger-anger lakunana.

9.4.6.3. Tengger Tribe

9.4.6.3.1. "Sabda Pandhita Ratu" concept.

9.5. Historical momentums

9.5.1. Banten

9.5.1.1. Dutch East Indies Protectorate

9.5.1.1.1. https://www.world-guides.com/asia/indonesia/west-java/banten/banten_history.html

9.5.1.2. The New Province

9.5.2. DKI Jakarta

9.5.2.1. 1950s: Transition into a capital of an independent nation

9.5.2.1.1. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Jakarta

9.5.3. West Java

9.5.3.1. 1950: Province declaration

9.5.3.1.1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/West_Java

9.5.4. Central Java

9.5.4.1. 1943: Central Java's Earthquake

9.5.4.1.1. https://id.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kategori:Sejarah_Jawa_Tengah

9.5.4.2. 1968: Purwodadi's Massacre

9.5.5. DI Yogyakarta

9.5.5.1. 1949: Indonesia seizes Yogyakarta from the Dutch.

9.5.5.1.1. https://www.onthisday.com/countries/indonesia/java/yogyakarta

9.5.5.2. 2006: Java's Earthquake, killing > 6,600 people

9.5.6. East Java

9.5.6.1. 1945: Heavy battle between Indonesian nasionalists and returning colonialists after WWII (now celebrated as Hari Pahlawan).

9.5.6.1.1. https://www.onthisday.com/countries/indonesia/java/surabaya

9.5.6.2. 2018: Church bombings in Surabaya.

9.6. Artifacts

9.6.1. Banten

9.6.1.1. Reliefed Coral Reef (from the gate of Surosowan Palace)

9.6.1.1.1. https://www.google.com/amp/s/m.bisnis.com/amp/read/20220525/224/1537006/batu-karang-berelief-di-museum-situs-kepurbakalaan-banten

9.6.1.2. Congcot rock, Remeh rock, and Shiva Family rock (from Salakanagara Kingdom)

9.6.1.2.1. https://m.rri.co.i/banten/484-gaya-hidup-dan-teknologi/1061829/lokasi-artefak-yang-diduga-kerajaan-salakanagara-ditata-jadi-kampung-wisata-sejarah

9.6.2. DKI Jakarta

9.6.2.1. Sculpture of Agastya (Siwa Mahaguru)

9.6.2.1.1. https://www.thejakartapost.com > ...Majapahit kingdom artifacts exhibited in Jakarta - Art & Culture

9.6.2.2. Kris

9.6.2.3. Kendi Susu

9.6.2.4. Wonoboyo Hoard (from the 9th century Medang Kingdom)

9.6.2.4.1. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wonoboyo_hoard

9.6.3. West Java

9.6.3.1. Situs Gunung Padang - Cianjur

9.6.3.1.1. https://sejarahlengkap.com/indonesia/peninggalan-bersejarah-di-jawa-barat/amp

9.6.3.2. Prasasti Batutulis - Bogor (from Pajajaran Kingdom)

9.6.3.3. Bogor Palace - Bogor

9.6.3.4. Cipanas Palace - Cianjur

9.6.4. Central Java

9.6.4.1. Relief on Borobudur & Prambanan Temple

9.6.4.2. Semar & Togog Statue (from Kapitayan era)

9.6.4.2.1. https://jogja.tribunnews.com/amp/2019/04/05/melihat-artefak-dan-kekayaan-pulau-jawa-di-museum-history-of-java

9.6.4.3. Arca, Lampu Minyak, Kendi Minyak, Pataka Dwija Naga (from Yanuari era)

9.6.4.4. Keris, topeng, wayang (from Islamic era)

9.6.5. DI Yogyakarta

9.6.5.1. Cloth pieces (from Liyangan site's era).

9.6.5.1.1. https://arkeologijawa.kemdikbud.go.id/2020/04/17/artefak-dari-situs-liyangan/

9.6.5.2. Waruga, papan kubur batu, & Menhir (from Megalithic era).

9.6.5.2.1. https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.detik.com/edu/detikpedia/d-5828760/ada-peninggalan-manusia-purba-era-megalitikum-di-yogyakarta-kamu-sudah-tahu/amp

9.6.6. East Java

9.6.6.1. Figurin gerabah, celengan terakota, umpak rumah tradisional (from Majapahit era)

9.6.6.1.1. https://gubuk-wayang.com/koleksi/artefak-majapahit/

9.6.6.2. Arca Agastya dan Lingga berukir (from old Mataram era)

9.6.6.2.1. https://www.google.com/amp/s/jatim.antaranews.com/amp/berita/578417/penemuan-artefak-kuno

9.7. Religion

9.7.1. Banten

9.7.1.1. https://databoks.katadata.co.id/datapublish/2021/09/27/sebanyak-9482-penduduk-banten-beragama-islam-pada-juni-2021

9.7.1.1.1. Islam (94.82%)

9.7.1.1.2. Kristen (2.62%)

9.7.1.1.3. Katolik (1.22%)

9.7.1.1.4. Hindu (1.2%)

9.7.1.1.5. Buddha (0.07%)

9.7.1.1.6. Konghucu (0.02%)

9.7.1.1.7. Aliran kepercayaan (0.06%)

9.7.2. DKI Jakarta

9.7.2.1. https://databoks.katadata.co.id/datapublish/2022/04/17/mayoritas-penduduk-dki-jakarta-beragama-islam-pada-2021

9.7.2.1.1. Islam (83.8%)

9.7.2.1.2. Kristen (8.57%)

9.7.2.1.3. Katolik (3.9%)

9.7.2.1.4. Hindu (0.18%)

9.7.2.1.5. Buddha (3.53%)

9.7.2.1.6. Konghucu (0.015%)

9.7.2.1.7. Aliran kepercayaan (0.002%)

9.7.3. West Java

9.7.3.1. https://databoks.katadata.co.id/datapublish/2021/09/10/sebanyak-97-penduduk-jawa-barat-beragama-islam

9.7.3.1.1. Islam (97.29%)

9.7.3.1.2. Kristen (1.81%)

9.7.3.1.3. Katolik (0.63%)

9.7.3.1.4. Hindu (0.04%)

9.7.3.1.5. Buddha (0.21%)

9.7.3.1.6. Konghucu (0.03%)

9.7.3.1.7. Aliran kepercayaan (0.01%)

9.7.4. Central Java

9.7.4.1. https://databoks.katadata.co.id/datapublish/2021/09/15/mayoritas-penduduk-jawa-tengah-beragama-islam-pada-juni-2021

9.7.4.1.1. Islam (97.26%)

9.7.4.1.2. Kristen (1.6%)

9.7.4.1.3. Katolik (0.94%)

9.7.4.1.4. Hindu (0.04%)

9.7.4.1.5. Buddha (0.14%)

9.7.4.1.6. Konghucu (0.004%)

9.7.4.1.7. Aliran kepercayaan (0.02%)

9.7.5. DI Yogyakarta

9.7.5.1. https://databoks.katadata.co.id/datapublish/2021/09/17/sebanyak-9287-penduduk-yogyakarta-beragama-islam-pada-juni-2021

9.7.5.1.1. Islam (92.87%)

9.7.5.1.2. Kristen (2.44%)

9.7.5.1.3. Katolik (4.51%)

9.7.5.1.4. Hindu (0.09%)

9.7.5.1.5. Buddha (0.08%)

9.7.5.1.6. Konghucu (0.002%)

9.7.5.1.7. Aliran kepercayaan (0.01%)

9.7.6. East Java

9.7.6.1. https://databoks.katadata.co.id/datapublish/2021/09/18/sebanyak-97-penduduk-jawa-timur-beragama-islam-pada-juni-2021

9.7.6.1.1. Islam (97.21%)

9.7.6.1.2. Kristen (1.67%)

9.7.6.1.3. Katolik (0.68%)

9.7.6.1.4. Hindu (0.26%)

9.7.6.1.5. Buddha (0.18%)

9.7.6.1.6. Konghucu (0.01%)

9.7.6.1.7. Aliran kepercayaan (0.01%)

9.8. Belief

9.8.1. https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agama_asli_Nusantara

9.8.1.1. Sunda Wiwitan

9.8.1.2. Kejawen

9.8.1.3. Kapitayan

9.8.1.4. Hindu Jawa

9.8.1.5. Saminism

9.9. Language

9.9.1. Banten https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Banten#Bahasa

9.9.1.1. Bahasa Sunda Banten

9.9.1.2. Bahasa Jawa Serang

9.9.1.3. Bahasa Betawi

9.9.1.4. Bahasa Lampung Cikoneng

9.9.1.5. Bahasa Tionghoa

9.9.1.6. Bahasa Indonesia

9.9.2. DKI Jakarta https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daerah_Khusus_Ibukota_Jakarta#Kebudayaan

9.9.2.1. Bahasa Indonesia

9.9.2.2. Bahasa Melayu dialek Betawi

9.9.2.3. Bahasa Sunda

9.9.2.4. Lainnya: Bahasa Jawa, Minang, Batak, Madura, Bugis, Inggris dan Tionghoa

9.9.3. West Java https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bahasa_di_Jawa_Barat#Bahasa_lainnya

9.9.3.1. Bahasa Sunda

9.9.3.2. Bahasa Jawa

9.9.3.3. Bahasa Betawi

9.9.3.4. Bahasa Indonesia

9.9.4. Central Java https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jawa_Tengah#Bahasa

9.9.4.1. Bahasa Indonesia

9.9.4.2. Bahasa Jawa

9.9.4.3. Bahasa Sunda

9.9.5. DI Yogyakarta https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daerah_Istimewa_Yogyakarta#Bahasa

9.9.5.1. Bahasa Jawa

9.9.5.2. Bahasa Indonesia

9.9.6. East Java https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jawa_Timur

9.9.6.1. Bahasa Indonesia

9.9.6.2. Bahasa Jawa

9.9.6.3. Bahasa Madura

9.9.6.4. Bahasa Bajo

9.9.6.5. Bahasa Kangean