Evolution of PES (ESP)

Evolution of PES (ESP)

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Evolution of PES (ESP) by Mind Map: Evolution of PES (ESP)

1. Evolution

1.1. Thanks to the expansion of scientific, technical and economic knowledge on an international scale, there will continue to be a demand for language.

1.1.1. Commercial pressures began to exert Ex: The oil crisis of the early 1970s.

1.1.2. English was the key to the international currencies of technology and trade

1.1.2.1. Any occupation that needs to keep up.

1.1.2.2. Doctors who needed to keep up with developments on their field

1.1.3. Teacher moved from Student-centred lesson to a more communicative approach with an emphasis on skills.

2. Classification of ESP

2.1. Can be for a specific field of academic purposes or occupations.

2.1.1. English for occupational purposes. (EOP)

2.1.1.1. The latter including business medicine law, but also field such as shipbuilding and aviation.

2.1.1.2. English for professional purposes

2.1.1.2.1. For medical purposes (EMP)

2.1.1.2.2. For Bussines purposes. (EBP)

2.1.1.3. English for vocational purposes (EVP) (VESL)

2.1.1.3.1. Pre-vocational English.

2.1.1.3.2. Vocational English.

2.1.2. English for Academic Purposes (EAP)

2.1.2.1. Tailored to the needs of learners at various, usually higher, educational levels.

2.1.2.2. “EAP has grown out of, and is a branch of, a slightly older field of study – that of English for Specific Purposes.”

2.1.2.2.1. six main approaches to EAP: inductive learning, process syllabuses, learner autonomy, authenticity, technology and team teaching. (Watson todd, 2003)

2.1.2.3. Emglish for science and technology (EST), English for medical purposes (EMP) academics, English for legal purposes (ELP) academics, English for Administration finances and economics.

3. Relationship with ELT

3.1. ESP is related to ELT in the process of learning and teaching second languages ​​(To get a domain of English language), It is to teaching of English to people whose first language isn´t English.

3.2. The spread of ESP has influenced English language teaching. At the present , many ELT teachers analise the needs of their students to be more effective. Teacher s should conduct "Action research" that would help them to analyse the efficacy of their specific language courses and the methodology applied for them.

3.3. It depends of educational or occupational purposes to continuum the learning to ver specific courses.

3.4. English such as a second language.

3.5. English such as a mother tongue.

3.6. English such as a foreign language.