Pencils

Mind map of where materials for pencils come from and their impacts

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Pencils by Mind Map: Pencils

1. Manufacturing

1.1. Uses mechanical machines

2. Some pencil coatings in Canada were ironically found to have lead (-)

3. Pencil lead

3.1. Made from graphite and clay

3.1.1. Graphite from places like Brazil and Mexico

3.1.2. Generates profit (+)

3.1.3. Causes villages nearby mines to be covered in graphite (-)

3.1.4. Mining of clay causes issues like silting and erosion (-)

3.1.5. Causes pollution (-)

4. Wood

4.1. Usually cedar wood

4.1.1. From a variety of sources, including Sweden, South Africa, and California

4.1.1.1. Mostly transported via ocean freight

4.1.1.1.1. Cheap (+)

4.1.1.1.2. Causes pollution (-)

4.1.2. Generates profit (+)

4.1.3. Renewable resource (+)

5. Logistics

5.1. Raw materials transported over land, sea and air to manufacturing plants and then to stores like Walmart

5.2. Generates profit (+)

6. Aluminum

6.1. Used in ferrules to hold the rubber in place

6.2. Extracted from bauxite, mined in Australia primarily

6.3. Generates profit (+)

6.4. Causes pollution (-)

7. Rubber

7.1. Made from rubber trees

7.1.1. Produced in countries like Malaysia

7.2. Generates profit (+)

7.3. Renewable (+)